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Date Commenter Post Comment
12-10-2012 23:28:46 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 12 opening question Angela: I agree with your statement: “There is obviously a serious discrepancy between ICCC administrators’ intentions and the perceptions of clients and community members.” I think ICCC should focus on the community and its citizens; try to be part of the community, and to invest its money in more productive (More...)
12-10-2012 23:23:16 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 12 opening question Jessica: I agree with your assessment on Yanow’s approach and ICM. Like you I think that ICM concentrates is attention on society’s behavior and its relation with individual’s behavior and Yanow definitely conveys the idea that all individuals have different ways to understand and perceive details and issues than the (More...)
12-09-2012 21:08:42 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 12 opening question The Idealized Competitive Model concentrates is attention on society’s behavior and its relation with individual’s behavior. In order to form an opinion or reach a conclusion about society’s beliefs and behaviors, we need to understand the behavior, reasoning, and thoughts of people living in a particular society. Yanow’s interpretation to (More...)
12-09-2012 20:47:27 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 12 application to group projects In your policy analysis, who will be affected by your recommended policy alternative? In analyzing charter versus traditional public schools’ funding and performance, several stakeholders will be affected by our recommendation. I think the most affected group will be the students and their Families; Charter Schools and Staff; N.J. school (More...)
12-09-2012 20:27:19 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 12 application to group projects Hi Jennifer, I found your topic to be very interesting. It was similar to my group's topic on PA's infrastructure. As you mentioned it's important to provide a solution that will make everyone happy because so many individuals are affected by the Ohio Turnpike. Whether you live in Ohio or (More...)
12-09-2012 20:21:17 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 12 application to group projects Hi Megan, That's a great question. I think there will always be a need and desire for public buy in. As you mentioned private entities will now be turning a profit on once public roads, but it is the public who will hold those entities accountable. If roads and bridges (More...)
12-09-2012 11:54:32 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 12 application to group projects Megan- Our group is also working with education policy and I understand how difficult that policy is to work with. There are so many competing ideas of how to reform education and what benefits and costs are feasible that policymakers have a difficult time trying to get the most beneficial (More...)
12-09-2012 11:49:46 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 12 application to group projects Melissa, You mention that you feel your policy analysis will be beneficial to all stakeholders and that you do not believe there will be any gaps. I am curious if this seems to be a slam-dunk policy option why it was not discussed or adopted before? (More...)
12-09-2012 11:41:44 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 12 opening question Angela, I am intrigued by your interpretation of the ICCC programs motives and how you do not agree with the decision made for the program. I can see your point and I think that it speaks a lot to how the success of the program played out. I can see (More...)
12-09-2012 11:15:09 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 12 opening question Kristine- You mention for the ICCC to set realistic goals. What goals do you think are realistic for the program to achieve? (More...)
12-09-2012 00:40:40 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 12 application to group projects Jarrett, What do you think about the gap between different groups of clients? The additional funding that will go to help a minority of students is a trade-off for the majority of students who are not overweight. This may make an additional rift for parents who want their children to (More...)
12-09-2012 00:30:51 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 12 application to group projects Kristine, It seems some sort of gap is inevitable in the case of P3s. How do you see continuing to get public buy-in as another gap opens with private organizations turning a profit from former public roads? (More...)
12-09-2012 00:20:14 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 12 application to group projects Were you surprised by this issue? I was surprised by this issue because I would reasonably assume the policy makers would definitely consider the audience of the policy developed. To see that this is a large disconnect many times shows a deficiency overall. As you think about your own (More...)
12-08-2012 23:49:36 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 12 opening question Margaret, I too think the ICCC could benefit from involving the community and better understanding the people/different groups' wants and needs. I'm not sure if I agree with the new building requirement. Perhaps looking deeper into the policy and context of the situation, this may have been better because the (More...)
12-08-2012 23:42:20 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 12 opening question Angela, You make a great point that understanding the consumer's needs and wants should be the aim of the policy. The interpretive approach helps better understand and consider the context in which the policy is framed and adopted. I think this is missing a lot of the time when policy (More...)
12-08-2012 23:39:11 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 12 opening question 1. I think the interpretive approach compliments the ICM quite well because it provides a bit more depth to the considerations made. The ICM allows a very complex situation to be greatly simplified and analyzed but within the static limits on which the ICM relies. Using the interpretive approach helps (More...)
12-08-2012 09:52:46 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 12 opening question Jennifer, In response to your question, I think the two towns would benefit from merging together to provide the less developed town with more offerings. The more developed town may suffer from the influence of the less developed town so they would need to be careful how they did this. (More...)
12-07-2012 21:59:56 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 12 application to group projects Jessica, I like that your group was able to identify that you would see a gap. I think that often people tie themselves to their work and expect that their options and analysis should be well-received because of the effort that went into developing the options or analysis. Knowing that (More...)
12-07-2012 21:53:35 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 12 application to group projects 1. In your policy analysis, who will be affected by your recommended policy alternative? The populations that will benefit from our analysis are the students, teachers, and administrators in the Maryland public school systems, as well as Maryland's taxpayers and businesses in areas where new gaming facilities will be located. (More...)
12-07-2012 21:37:21 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 12 opening question I liked your comments on the ideas surrounding absolute knowledge and personal preference. It got me thinking about how sometimes, even when we have absolute knowledge about something, we may still lean toward personal preferences when making a decision because the utility in the personal preference can emotionally outweigh the (More...)
12-07-2012 21:29:45 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 12 opening question I also think allowing people to feel like they are part of the development of the community center is important. It's THEIR community, after all. I loved the idea of allowing people to put their mark on the centers. I suggested that community members be part of the development process (More...)
12-07-2012 21:23:05 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 12 opening question 1. How might Yanow’s interpretive approach be folded into the idealized competitive model? Yanow suggests that people think and perceive things differently and thus, have varying motivations for their actions, but I believe this line of thinking can nest within the ICM. The ICM seeks to explain the behaviors and (More...)
12-07-2012 15:53:58 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 12 application to group projects Hi Jarrett, Actually, Governor Kasich says he will impose a limit on how much and how frequently the private company will raise tolls for the roadway. You bring up a good point too, because the state can put other limitations on the lease contract. On the flip side, though, the (More...)
12-07-2012 15:49:25 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 12 application to group projects Rachel, Good analysis. I look forward to seeing your final presentation. Its so important to look at how to improve education. I find it really interesting how lottery revenue are supposed to provide additional funding to education, but that doesn't happen since other education money ends up being pushed to (More...)
12-07-2012 15:44:34 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 12 opening question Margaret, I like the way you summarized ICCC and ICM. You are right, it's all about consumer choices and perspectives. Nice work. (More...)
12-07-2012 15:38:25 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 12 opening question Rachel, I agree. There seems to be a gap in what the ICCC provided. While they did some good for the community, they appear to have hit a wall. Maybe they do not truly understand their audience. Jessica (More...)
12-07-2012 15:32:43 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 12 opening question Sorry for the re-postings. I have no idea what went wrong- I only submitted it once. (More...)
12-07-2012 15:29:13 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 12 opening question Jessica, I agree that the community centers need to give more attention to the aesthetics, but I am not sure if narrowing the focus would be most beneficial for ICCCs. The articles state that each ICCC took on its own looks and routines based on the surrounding residents. From what (More...)
12-07-2012 13:15:52 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 12 application to group projects Jessica, You mention a few times that there is a great possibility that many constituents will be very upset about the implementation. Has your group examined any ways to make the process more attractive to those opposed? -Jarrett (More...)
12-07-2012 13:11:41 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 12 application to group projects Angie, Thanks for the comment, you raise some good questions. To begin, my group feels the most efficient way to enter into Public-Private Partnerships would be a quid pro quo situation. Since establishments such as local YMCAs already have the necessary equipment, by allowing students to use these facilities, schools (More...)
12-07-2012 12:59:43 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 12 application to group projects Kristine, Your mention of other states, such as Illinois, who have implemented similar policies helps illustrate the perceived success of the policy. As we've learned, implementing new polices can be difficult and will be met with some hostility. However, when producing clear evidence that similar policies have been enacted and (More...)
12-07-2012 12:50:46 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 12 opening question Jessica, I like how you stated that success lies in understanding individuals’ different viewpoints and applying them to societies’ needs. I too believe this is where the ICM and Yanow’s approach differ. The ICM assumes perfect knowledge and applies the perceived norm to society as a whole. In contrast, Yanow’s (More...)
12-07-2012 12:42:20 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 12 opening question Melissa, I really enjoyed your analysis of the ICCC. A lot of post, mine included, focused on the small issues surround the ICCC and you chose to illustrate how even though the concept has flaws it was nevertheless successful and important. Your connection of critique and allowing for citizens to (More...)
12-07-2012 12:40:54 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 12 opening question Melissa, I really enjoyed your analysis of the ICCC. A lot of post, mine included, focused on the small issues surround the ICCC and you chose to illustrate how even though the concept has flaws it was nevertheless successful and important. Your connection of critique and allowing for citizens to (More...)
12-07-2012 12:31:24 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 12 application to group projects Jarrett, It sounds like there could be a lot of opposition from schools that are struggling to cover basic educational expenses, like textbooks and calculators. Does your group have a plan for how to assist schools in planning their budgets or petitioning public or private agencies for additional funding? I (More...)
12-07-2012 11:23:15 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 12 application to group projects 1. In your policy analysis, who will be affected by your recommended policy alternative? ~ My group’s analysis focuses on combating childhood obesity in Pennsylvania. Furthermore, we are focusing on increasing physical activity amongst school-aged children through a variety of alternatives. Those who will be directly affected by the recommendations (More...)
12-07-2012 11:22:15 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 12 opening question Hi Jessica, Great post! I agree that the ICCC should focus more on the practical aspect of their organization rather than solely focusing on cultural and societal values. This can greatly narrow their ability to reach the community. Kristine (More...)
12-07-2012 11:17:44 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 12 opening question Hi Margaret, I agree that making sure citizens fully understands the intentions of the centers are key. I think this would have helped make the ICCC more successful. This would help the ICCC to achieve their goals in a more timely manner and help to better society. Thanks, Kristine (More...)
12-07-2012 11:15:54 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 12 application to group projects Melissa, Your analysis seems comprehensive in that you considered all of the stakeholders points of view. Because of that, I believe you will gain respect and trust when you provide your solution. Costs in the private industry are often lower and that will definitely impact your solution. I look forward (More...)
12-07-2012 11:14:04 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 12 opening question How might Yanow’s interpretive approach be folded into the idealized competitive model? This course has shown that policy is multi-layered based on bettering society. Policy is essentially derived from the needs of citizens. Yanow’s approach can be folded into the ICM because both models focus on achieving the greatest outcome (More...)
12-07-2012 11:12:36 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 12 application to group projects Jessica, I agree with your assessment of our project. I think that the politicians will be unhappy with our recommendation, but that the citizens will like it. I also think they are the most important group to please since it is their money that is funding the highway. (More...)
12-07-2012 11:10:40 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 12 application to group projects 1. Many people will be affected. Our problem surrounds the future of the Ohio turnpike, specifically how it will be funded. Ohio citizens, politicians, decision makers, private companies, and special focus groups will all be affected. The focus group, which was implemented to advise politicians and decision makers on the (More...)
12-07-2012 11:04:43 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 12 opening question 1. How might Yanow’s interpretive approach be folded into the idealized competitive model? Yanow believes that people interpret things differently than one another, because each policy action affects their individual life. Everyone's life is different based on their experiences and values. The ICM is very limited in that it attempts (More...)
12-07-2012 10:58:23 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 12 opening question Rachel, I think that your assessment of using the ICM to monitor two towns is interesting. Do you think the people of these towns would be open to the idea of merging with another? (More...)
12-07-2012 10:56:08 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 12 opening question Jessica, I agree with you in that we must consider the varied responses and perspectives of people, but how do you think we can do that? I agree with you about narrowing the focus of the ICCC. They will be able to more accurately meet their goals if they are (More...)
12-07-2012 10:43:54 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 12 opening question 1.) How might Yanow’s interpretive approach be folded into the idealized competitive model? ~Yanow’s interpretive approach can be folded into the ICM by examining the relationship between absolute knowledge and personal preference. In the ICM, it is assumed that consumers have absolute knowledge of the markets and will act only (More...)
12-07-2012 10:36:07 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 12 application to group projects In your policy analysis, who will be affected by your recommended policy alternative? Several individuals and groups will be affected by the recommended policy alternative. Those affected will consist of Pennsylvania’s taxpayers and residents, individuals traveling on roads and bridges through out Pennsylvania and state legislators. How is this group (More...)
12-06-2012 19:55:34 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 12 application to group projects 1. In your policy analysis, who will be affected by your recommended policy alternative? In our policy analysis of the PA transportation infrastructure crisis, the effects of the recommended policy alternative, which is public-private partnership agreements, will affect taxpayers, legislators, businesses and visitors. The public and private industries will also (More...)
12-06-2012 18:35:09 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 12 opening question 1.I think Yanow’s interpretive approach uses can be folded into the idealized competitive model because each deal with the consumers and clients perspectives. The ICM assumes that consumers have all the knowledge and make choices/demands to maximize their greatest utility. The interpretation of policies and objects provided have an impact (More...)
12-06-2012 18:34:38 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 12 opening question 1.I think Yanow’s interpretive approach uses can be folded into the idealized competitive model because each deal with the consumers and clients perspectives. The ICM assumes that consumers have all the knowledge and make choices/demands to maximize their greatest utility. The interpretation of policies and objects provided have an impact (More...)
12-06-2012 13:49:34 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 12 application to group projects 1. There will be a number of people who will be impacted by our policy alternative. The most impact will be to school districts and the students and personnel working within those schools. The schools are going to have to make changes to programs being offered, physical education curriculums (including (More...)
12-04-2012 21:10:30 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 12 opening question Angela, I see your point and agree with you. The ICCM could have kept cultural aspects like you suggested, which would have excentuated everyone's differences while still allowing those individuals access to western-world ideals. In order for the centers to be productive, they could have made a greater effort in (More...)
12-04-2012 19:17:47 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 12 opening question Rachel, I think you’re spot on in your analysis of the ICCC—there is definitely a breakdown between intentions and perceptions. In my opinion, a lot could be improved if the ICCC presented itself in a more relatable way, such as integrating local architecture or interior design. Best, Angie (More...)
12-04-2012 19:12:49 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 12 opening question Jessica, I think you make a really great connection between the ICM and the interpretive approach. In my post, I discussed the similarities between the two theories, but I like how you suggest that the interpretive approach can actually provide greater understanding/depth to the ICM. Great perspective and thanks for (More...)
12-04-2012 15:49:25 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 12 opening question How might Yanow's interpretive approach be folded into the idealized competitive model? Public policy is seen as multi-dimensional because policy is written to make society better and it is based off the demands of citizens. Yanow’s interpretive approach can be folded into the ICM because both entail the concept that (More...)
12-04-2012 06:53:21 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 12 application to group projects Rachel, You present a very thorough analysis of your stakeholders and the impact the policy will have on them. I think incorporating “efficient use of taxpayer money” as a policy goal is very important—if taxpayers know their money is being used efficiently, they are more inclined to support the policy. (More...)
12-04-2012 06:46:27 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 12 opening question Jessica, I agree with you about the ICCC; I think the centers would have been more successful if they had integrated themselves better into the local community. By presenting themselves as so different, I think they created a divide that couldn’t be bridged. And you make a great point that, (More...)
12-03-2012 22:50:22 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 11 opening question Rachel: Like you, I wish to work in the area of policy analysis. I agree with you, the fundamentals we have learned in this class will benefit us greatly especially the critical thinking part of the course. I would love to work in an area where I can help with (More...)
12-03-2012 22:43:54 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 11 opening question Angela: I am also at the start of my career and like you, I think the critical thinking qualities we have learned in this course are going to be very helpful as they relate to policy analysis. Like you, I would love to work in an area where I can (More...)
12-03-2012 22:08:38 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 12 opening question 1. It seems as though the ICCM was created to aid the issue of diverging communities, where one community lacked jobs, skills, activities etc. Government had to become involved with this social and economic issue of merging the two communities capabilities together to basically create two better communities. The ICM (More...)
12-03-2012 22:07:01 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 12 application to group projects School children, teachers and school staff will most likely benefit from the education reform in Proposition 204’s initiative, because students will be receiving a higher quality education, while teachers and school staff should receive a greater pleasure in their occupation, since they will be effectively using their skills to benefit (More...)
12-03-2012 17:50:57 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 12 opening question 1.) How might Yanow’s interpretive approach be folded into the idealized competitive model? I think Yanow’s interpretive approach and the idealized competitive model can coexist. Yanow suggests that policy creators play only a small part in the success of a public policy. How the policy is interpreted by stakeholders, consumers, (More...)
12-03-2012 17:46:33 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 12 application to group projects 1.) In your policy analysis, who will be affected by your recommended policy alternative? Our policy alternative will affect Pennsylvania taxpayers, Pennsylvania residents, Pennsylvania industries (public and private), the state legislature, tourists, and any other individuals or agencies that utilize the state’s roads and bridges. 2.) How is this group (More...)
12-03-2012 14:58:54 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 12 opening question 1. How might Yanow’s interpretive approach be folded into the idealized competitive model? ICM focuses on actions and ideals of a society based connectively on individual behavior. To understand the ideas and behaviors of society, one must understand the behaviors and ideas of individuals within that society. Yanow’s interpretive approach (More...)
12-03-2012 14:57:43 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 12 application to group projects 1. In your policy analysis, who will be affected by your recommended policy alternative? In analyzing the privatization of the Ohio Turnpike, several stakeholders will be affected by our recommendation. First and foremost, the citizens of Ohio will be impacted by which roads they choose to drive on, how much (More...)
12-02-2012 22:22:00 ERIC DUSTIN HICKSON Lesson 11 opening question Angela, I am also at the start of my career. I agree with you that this class will be beneficial to my career. I am glad that you got to Cohen's article was relevant to your work in a university. (More...)
12-02-2012 22:17:02 ERIC DUSTIN HICKSON Lesson 11 opening question I work in the Arkansas Department of Human Services. I mainly work with various programs that are designed to combat food insecurity. I think the lessons I have learned in this class will benefit my work greatly in dealing with our programs. I have also learned about market failures and (More...)
12-02-2012 14:57:02 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 11 opening question I work in the Secretary of Defense's program analysis and evaluation division. The work is number-intense and requires a great deal of operations research. We must work closely with the Secretary's policy directorates. Often, the two offices find themselves at odds. Policy people think program analysts only care about the (More...)
12-02-2012 14:25:07 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 11 opening question Jessica, I think you'd be great in economic development. And I think the things you took away from this course and your realization that so many pieces are integral to the policy process will only make you better at it. If you're looking for international economic development opportunities, I recommend (More...)
12-02-2012 11:10:20 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 11 opening question Melissa, I'm really glad you were able to take this course working for a district legislative office. I'm sure it made it even more interesting. I agree--much of the "way" this course and policy analysis is done was new to me. (More...)
12-02-2012 11:07:33 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 11 opening question Audree, Thanks for your comments. I liked being put into a "real world" situation as well. The course was challenging, but I too feel like most of us could write the type of policy analysis outlined in the text--which is the ultimate goal I would imagine. Thanks for sharing about (More...)
12-02-2012 11:03:25 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 11 opening question This course has been beneficial to me both professionally and in the development of critical thinking skills. What I have found most helpful are the theoretical aspects of policy analysis, principles like Pareto efficiency, Kaldor-Hicks, and ICM. Working in a group to move towards analyzing one policy problem was both (More...)
12-01-2012 21:13:11 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 11 opening question Rachel, I agree that this course helped make decision making clearer. I found it easier to assess a situation based on the affect it will have on everyone involved. I do not work in the government sector, I am a retail Store Manager and I definitely have taken away the (More...)
12-01-2012 21:07:48 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 11 opening question I have a much better understanding and appreciation of what policy analysis is. Prior to this course, I did not have much experience with policy analysis. As an undergrad I took a course on analyzing the political risk of foreign nations. I analyzed policies based on social, political, and economic (More...)
12-01-2012 20:25:29 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 11 opening question Jeff- I am glad you mentioned the multiple streams and political climate. I also have experienced this in my internships and current position and it is such an important factor. There has to be consensus and discussions on the policies trying to be implemented and that cannot occur unless there (More...)
12-01-2012 20:23:30 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 11 opening question First off, thank you for all of you for providing such strong insight into each assignment. From that, I felt a part of the class; not a simple online format that lacks interaction. I appreciate everyone's work, responses and honesty in their weekly interactions, and for that again, I would (More...)
12-01-2012 20:20:50 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 11 opening question Rachel, Thaanks for your comment! I really enjoy applying what I learned throughout this course to my career now. Everything was very beneficial. You asked what I use most and really it is a mix between everything we have learned; however, through my experience in politics and real world application (More...)
11-30-2012 23:31:05 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 11 opening question Jeff- You are right regarding the involvement of many players with public policy. When we work in fields that deal with the public, it is crucial for individuals like us to understand all angles and sides of a topic, as well as find that balance between ideological principles and economic (More...)
11-30-2012 23:21:49 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 11 opening question This class was a great introduction to the policy process. The course was very beneficial to me and I will be taking away a lot of very useful knowledge from this class. One of the most important things is the way this course helped me strengthen my critical thinking ability. (More...)
11-30-2012 23:09:29 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 11 opening question I agree Jessica that I too did not realize in detail what policy analysts do. However, after the completion of this course, I think I am more suited for working with the public verses writing policy. (More...)
11-30-2012 23:06:02 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 11 opening question This is my 2nd semester at PSU World Campus and I learned a lot thus far. Introduction to Public Policy gave me the tools to describe how policy is made; the different models of the policy process; the importance regarding the identification of the audience, the problem, and whether or (More...)
11-29-2012 20:59:27 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 11 opening question Margaret, It is great that you already work in policy analysis and were able to bring your experience to discussions! Also, I am sure it was beneficial to gain more knowledge from this class to take back and implement in your career. As one who hopes to eventually find a (More...)
11-29-2012 20:49:07 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 11 opening question Jarrett, I, too, must admit that I did not initially realize the complexity of this course or the subject in general. I had some prior knowledge I had gained from other classes, but going more in depth with these concepts have been really beneficial. I always feel that working in (More...)
11-29-2012 18:12:38 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 11 opening question This course provided me with the opportunity to expand and enhance my knowledge within the Public Policies practices. The course outlined conceptual and operational framework to conduct policy analysis. Developing skill sets that allow me to connect the dots about how economics and government policy making interacted with one another. (More...)
11-29-2012 17:13:45 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 11 opening question I appreciate your honesty, Jarrett. I agree, the outline of this course was both challenging but effective. It took me a few weeks of working on the big group project to fully understand and grasp what I was doing. I agree, as someone naturally interested in policy, government, and political (More...)
11-29-2012 16:53:14 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 11 opening question Rachel, I think it would be very interesting to have a psychology background and explore how citizens and groups make choices. I'm sure this is something you have probably touched on in your psychology studies. I didn't really give it a lot of thought, but I too have done cost-benefit (More...)
11-29-2012 16:52:09 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 11 opening question To me, the most important thing to take away from this course has to do with understanding all the different actors that deal with any particular policy. So many different variables have the ability to effect what goes into a policy idea. Even defining a problem in society must go (More...)
11-29-2012 16:39:59 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 11 opening question Jessica, I find it interesting you mention that you are debating on entering economic development. Although we have not gone into depth on that subject, I often found myself thinking of this field as we moved through the course. We observed that every potential decision must be painstakingly thought through (More...)
11-29-2012 16:27:29 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 11 opening question Megan, I agree that this course most definitely forced us to develop strong critical thinking skills. Although I have not started my career yet, I, too, believe I will implement the strategies developed in this class into my everyday life as a professional. As stated, you are planning on doing (More...)
11-29-2012 15:06:01 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 11 opening question There is so much that can be taken away from this course. It provides such a good general understanding of how to approach policy and evaluating policy. The course allows you to think and work like an analyst which is vital to becoming comfortable working with policy. There are many (More...)
11-29-2012 14:42:37 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 4 opening question Angela, I thought the Cyber Nation was a little challenging as well. However, it did allow the student to get a better understanding of how things work together. (More...)
11-29-2012 14:39:40 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 3 opening question Melissa, We have chosen the same three models, but you have provide me some more information about the models.Thanks for the insight. (More...)
11-29-2012 14:37:15 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 2 opening question Lachaka, I enjoyed reading your post about the three different models. We have chosen different models but I found your post to be very insightful. (More...)
11-29-2012 14:34:42 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 1 opening question Nathan, I agree with you about the role of policy analyst and their processes. (More...)
11-29-2012 14:32:17 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN lesson 6 opening question Megan, I agree with you statement about the experience is very limited in the process of understanding the economic process. (More...)
11-29-2012 14:27:35 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN lesson 6 opening question I enjoyed reading your post about the ICM paradigm. (More...)
11-29-2012 14:24:48 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN lesson 6 opening question I do not have an educational background in economics; however, when I initially started reading about ICM it was confusing, but the material covered in the lesson and online materials were very informative. I thinking learning or grasping the economic terms were a little bit challenging. The ICM paradigm is (More...)
11-29-2012 14:22:30 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 7 opening question Melissa, I agree with you thoughts about the ICM. (More...)
11-29-2012 14:19:21 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 7 opening question I believe that self interest of the social welfare from individuals stand point is very censor in the ICM. A person can be self motivated about things they would like to conquer or achieve, but not all individuals believe in this same things of trying to achieve the same self (More...)
11-29-2012 14:17:43 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 7 opening question Jeffrey, You have provided some interesting point about ICM and the social welfare. (More...)
11-29-2012 14:15:48 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 7 opening question I believe that self interest of the social welfare from individuals stand point is very censor in the ICM. A person can be self motivated about things they would like to conquer or achieve, but not all individuals believe in this same things of trying to achieve the same self (More...)
11-29-2012 14:12:49 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 5 opening question Melissa, I agree with your opinion about how Mill would respond to this addiction. (More...)
11-29-2012 13:58:02 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 8 comprehension check Megan, My organization have the same incentive program to help the employee become more effective and efficient in her or his area of work related. It so great that everyone can benefit from this process. (More...)
11-29-2012 13:53:48 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 8 comprehension check Andrea, Vouchers used to Housing assistance is a very interesting thing concept for single families or homeless individuals. You have provided me with some value information to research and post on the shelter board in my area. Time are very hard for some people, if the government have assistance to (More...)
11-29-2012 13:43:55 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 8 comprehension check User Fees A user fee is a program that allows Food and Drug Administration to successful complete it protection of the public health and accelerating innovative industry. The fees are used to support different surveillance of animal and human drugs, medicine, and tobacco products. The purpose of the user fees (More...)
11-29-2012 13:32:42 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 9 opening question Jarrett, Working in this type of setting is almost always successful in finding different avenue to present ones documents or presentation. (More...)
11-29-2012 13:30:30 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 9 opening question Jessica, I glad that you were able to find some type of outlet to help you see your project in a different light. (More...)
11-29-2012 13:26:35 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 9 opening question The exercise allowed me to see the different approaches my group could handle the project differently. I will utilize the different strategies or elements to redefine my overall approach to my project. (More...)
11-29-2012 13:22:31 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 8 case studies Jennifer, Your post was very thorough and detailed. I also notice a couple of your recommendation what would be a great way to improve the overall objective. (More...)
11-29-2012 13:20:38 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 8 case studies Megan, I enjoyed reading your outline, it was very organized and thorough. (More...)
11-29-2012 13:17:30 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 8 case studies The Canadian Salmon Fishery Major Sections 1. Executive Summary & Intro 2. History of the Fisher 3.State of the Fishery 4. Alternative Policy Goals 5.Compare and Contrast of Alternatives 6.Assessment & Recommendation Elements of the ICM that were used: Economic Efficiency, Equitable Distributions, Government Failure assessment Alternatives: -Identifying Pearse Plan (More...)
11-29-2012 11:21:11 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Midpoint evaluation Ryan, I enjoyed reading your post about midpoint. I noticed that you have already start applying the skill set founded in this course to use it with in your place of employment. Great! (More...)
11-29-2012 11:18:46 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Midpoint evaluation Lachaka, You have made some interesting point about the midpoint of this course. We can always reiterate the things we have learned in your lives to every experience we have encountered. (More...)
11-29-2012 11:16:05 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Midpoint evaluation What can you take away from the first five lessons? What has value to you? In this course, we have discussed numerous theories in relation to the different approach a policy analyst would take to complete their mission or goal as well as problem solving strategies. I believe that learning (More...)
11-29-2012 10:41:27 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 5 opening question Sherry, I agree with your post about how Mill will react and respond to the addiction. (More...)
11-29-2012 10:38:29 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 5 opening question In this particular situation I believe that Mill will make everyone comfortable about their addition as well as embracing their current condition. Some that have an addiction believe that have reach a high on life where nothing else in the world could compete with that particular feeling. It makes me (More...)
11-29-2012 10:16:45 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 4 opening question Sherry, I agree with your thoughts about how the game may be more interesting to people who like playing games online. (More...)
11-29-2012 10:09:38 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 4 opening question My initial thoughts about the game were very positive and exciting to learn how you could play a game as a learning exercise. Throughout the game it had some very fun functionality; however, it was very challenging when trying to play the game. I do not have any experience with (More...)
11-29-2012 09:49:49 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 3 opening question Ryan, I enjoyed reading your views about the decision making process. It is very important to understand the connection between all three processes to adequately address the concerns of any decision making management. (More...)
11-29-2012 09:46:29 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 3 opening question In the decision making process comparison, I have chosen to define and discuss these three models Economic Rationality, Bounded Rationality, and the Garbage Can Theory. The process of making timely decision that meets a desired objective and is acceptable to those individuals affected by it. The Rationality Model is a (More...)
11-29-2012 09:27:43 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 2 opening question Jessica, I enjoyed reading your post about the three models (Rational Choice Approach, Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF), and Stages-Heuristic Approach). You have provided me with a better understanding of how these models relate to one another. Thanks! (More...)
11-29-2012 09:23:34 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 2 opening question The three models that I have chosen are the Stages-Heuristic Approach, the Incremental Approach, and the Punctuated Equilibrium Approach. These approaches have similarity in way of defining the current stage of any mission and working towards in finding a common solution. The Stage Heuristic is divides the policy making (More...)
11-29-2012 08:56:02 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 1 opening question Megan, I thoroughly enjoyed reading your respond about the challenges or obstacles that a policy analyst would encounter. It is very important to understand who you are addressing when trying to persuade an audience your thought or theories. (More...)
11-29-2012 08:53:21 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 11 opening question Jarrett, Your assessment was really great. I also really enjoyed learning about the ICM model. I was an Economics major as an undergrad and it really brought back alot of the stuff that I learned at that time. This class really did dive into the details of policy analysis and (More...)
11-29-2012 08:50:13 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 11 opening question I agree with your assessment Jessica. I think a significant number of people in the policy field do not truly realize the impact of their position. It would be beneficial for them all to take a class like this. I haven't had the chance to work in policy, but my (More...)
11-29-2012 08:49:39 TABITHAN MILLER BROWN Lesson 1 opening question An important goal of public policy analysis is to help policy makers arrive at viable, informed policy choices with a credible expectation of what the expected outcome(s) of those policy choices will be. In a world of complex political and socioeconomic processes, predicting the effectiveness of a particular policy relative (More...)
11-29-2012 08:44:40 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 11 opening question I really enjoyed this course, overall. The hands-on application of the group project was very eye-opening. It was a great learning experience to be able to identify a real-life problem and consider the issues, just as they politicians do every day. As an Economics major in my undergrad years, I (More...)
11-29-2012 00:18:54 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 11 opening question I will graduate the MPA program next semester and found this course to be the most challenging for me thus far. Its focus on critical thinking and the hands-on application of (at times) very complex ideas and theories actually forced me to learn how to do good policy analysis vice (More...)
11-28-2012 22:59:20 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 11 opening question Prior to taking this course, I had already completed and passed two policy classes (Poli Sci 490 and Poli Sci 001) at Penn State as an undergrad. In my 400-level class, I completed a semester long project on the Drug Control Policy; so naturally, my ego led me to believe (More...)
11-28-2012 21:31:07 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 11 opening question Rachel -- I absolutely agree with you about the benefits of the cost-benefit analysis. I am also a “numbers person,” and amidst what seems like an endless array of theories, interpretations, and perspectives, it was refreshing to learn one, purely quantitative model. I too will use this model (as well (More...)
11-27-2012 18:37:11 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 11 opening question I found this class to be a great introduction to the policy process. Coming from a background in psychology in my undergrad, I found it beneficial to learn about incorporating citizen’s actions and needs into how societies must operate, especially with the concept of Pareto efficiency. This has also helped (More...)
11-26-2012 20:36:15 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 11 opening question Jessica – I didn’t realize you worked as a legislative analyst in D.C.; I imagine quite a bit of what we’ve discussed this semester would apply to that position. Certainly these topics will also apply to the field of economic development—my hometown is going through some economic development efforts that (More...)
11-26-2012 17:55:28 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 11 opening question There are a lot of things that I will take away from this course. Most significantly, is the importance of critical thinking. Throughout this semester, we have been encouraged to question ideas, pry for deeper meaning, and justify value. I hope to carry forward these core principles as I move (More...)
11-26-2012 10:26:58 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 11 opening question This course as a whole was very beneficial to me. I could have deduced what policy analysis is and what policy analysts do, but I did not really know the full detail of the field. What I found extremely beneficial throughout the course was the focus on the group paper/project (More...)
11-07-2012 20:54:32 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 9 opening question How did the exercise of explicitly identifying and applying goals to your chosen policy impact your view of this policy? How will you express those goals in your policy analysis? I was able to have an outside opinion and force me to think not only outside the box but now (More...)
11-04-2012 23:29:01 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 7 opening question Rachel, Sorry for the delayed response. I appreciate your comments, and stricter regulations need to be implemented. For example, I don't understand how welfare does not require drug tests or how come the federal program WIC does not provide job placement assistance or at least do an income verification every (More...)
11-04-2012 23:18:18 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 7 opening question Hi Megan, Sorry for the delayed response. Your real-life examples are exactly what I am talking about. Speaking of flood areas- and I do feel bad for people who have to endure the horrific experience of losing everything in a flood, but beach front properties and flood zones are paid (More...)
11-04-2012 23:12:43 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 7 opening question Hi Jarrett, Sorry for the delayed response. Individuals who think it is okay to live on social programs and it is what they are entitled to from the government is who I was talking about. And yes, I think it is safe to assume individuals who must bear the cost (More...)
11-04-2012 22:59:21 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 9 opening question Angie, I find it interesting to read what group members learned from doing this partner activity. As for government and community involvement, the topic of the policy, transportation infrastructure crisis, hints as the government's failure in providing efficient and safe modes of transportation, which resulted in this particular policy analysis (More...)
11-04-2012 21:10:07 ERIC DUSTIN HICKSON Lesson 9 opening question Melissa, I am very interested in your topic. I am excited to see your final presentation. (More...)
11-04-2012 21:06:28 ERIC DUSTIN HICKSON Lesson 9 opening question I agree!! It is easy to wrapped up in a project and overlook things. I recently presented a project at work that I spent a month developing. After the presentation of my first draft, I got outside criticism which really helped me reconstruct things. At the end, the final project (More...)
11-04-2012 20:53:49 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 9 opening question Melissa, thanks for your candor about the struggles throughout the conversation and for sharing about the example you and your partner discussed. It was helpful to hear. (More...)
11-04-2012 20:50:36 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 9 opening question Jarrett, Thanks for your post. I agree about this exercise being a "second wind". It's amazing how fresh eyes and a simple focus on goals can make that difference. (More...)
11-04-2012 20:48:20 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 9 opening question (1) How did the exercise of explicitly identifying and applying goals to your chosen policy affect your view of this policy? It was amazing how the exercise allowed me to view the problem from different lens, as suggested in the textbook. Through those various sets of lens, many goals came (More...)
11-04-2012 18:33:28 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 9 opening question Audree, I'm glad you were only delayed by the storm. But I had a similar experience of finally having a lot of things come together once I started (trying to) apply the concepts to an outside issue. (More...)
11-04-2012 18:30:21 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 9 opening question Melissa, I agree that it is much easier to put something into perspective when you have another real life example to relate to. It was definitely beneficial to have a fresh set of eyes to identify the obvious things we overlook being so connected to the issue. (More...)
11-04-2012 17:34:41 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 9 opening question Kristine, I agree with getting bogged down when you are looking at your own project and how helpful it is to have an outside party take a look at it. When you are involved in a project it is beneficial for others to pose questions to you that you may (More...)
11-04-2012 16:05:36 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 9 opening question Sorry it took so long, but Sandy has made things slightly chaotic. The activity tested my organizational thoughts on my group project. I consider myself a linear thinker because I need to visualize the steps of any project. I expressed the goals of the group policy analysis similar to an (More...)
11-04-2012 15:32:59 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 9 opening question Jennifer, I too agree that a chart will help illustrate your goals. After discussing the project with my partner, I realize that charts or graphs are almost essential. When attempting to describe the policy issue and goals with someone outside of the group, I realized this is overwhelming for the (More...)
11-04-2012 15:23:51 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 9 opening question Sherry, I agree with you that it was difficult to examine someone else's policy, especially when you have no knowledge of the subject. But I too feel as though this forces both parties to dig deep and examine all aspects of the subject, which is more helpful overall in the (More...)
11-04-2012 15:18:43 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 9 opening question This activity was very helpful for me and my policy analysis. Having an outside opinion really helped open some avenues for my group's second paper. My partner (Angie Smith) not only solidified and ensured me that my group was headed in the right direction, but also pointed out small details (More...)
11-04-2012 13:39:38 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 9 opening question Jeffrey, That is great that your pair discussion has given you new insight for your group's project. This assignment was a great way to technically get 6 or so different perspectives on each topic. It is good that this interaction may help you all create a more thorough end product! (More...)
11-04-2012 13:19:00 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 9 opening question Jessica, I agree with your reply to Sherry. I think after you look at the project topic for awhile you run out of things to say/think about. It was great to get a different perspective and see what it looks like possible from an outsider. Also, it was great to (More...)
11-04-2012 12:51:26 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 9 opening question I thought this week's exercise was an interesting way to take a different look at our policy. It was a good way of seeing someone's view outside of our group. I think through this exercise I have come to realize that our group needs to look at possibly reforming education (More...)
11-04-2012 11:59:51 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 9 opening question Discussing the policy goals of our groups' policy analysis and the potential alternatives we suggested has really helped me to see some of the holes that remain in our project. Just talking about what we have been working on with someone else has brought good insight to how I will (More...)
11-04-2012 11:24:58 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 9 opening question 1) I felt that this was a great exercise. I was able to gain insight from an outside party. We can often be so consumed by our research and the direction that we want to go in that we overlook different aspects. My partner gave me a great policy suggestion. (More...)
11-04-2012 09:33:13 ERIC DUSTIN HICKSON Lesson 9 opening question I thought this was a good exercise. It nice to get an outside perspective on my group's project. This project made me realize that my group is on a great path forward, and made me acknowledge some potential issues that could happen with our policy project. I plan to talk (More...)
11-04-2012 01:00:58 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 9 opening question How did the exercise of explicitly identifying and applying goals to your chosen policy affect your view of this policy? I found this exercise to be very useful. It was nice to see an outside perspective on our topic. My partner actually helped me see the most obvious thing I (More...)
11-03-2012 20:08:06 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 9 opening question I think this activity allowed me to take a closer look at my goals and how each of my policy ideas either correlate or not with the goals for the project. It helps to make charts and it is beneficial to thinking about all the different sides of a particular (More...)
11-02-2012 19:18:49 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 9 opening question Melissa, It sounds like you and your partner had a great discussion! Seeing how helpful even limited, virtual conversation can be has given me a whole new perspective on the power of brainstorming and consultation (especially with “outsiders” to a project)—this is certainly a lesson I will carry forward to (More...)
11-02-2012 19:13:33 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 9 opening question Jennifer, I absolutely agree with you that the assignment was helpful from both a “giving of advice” and “receiving of advice” perspective. By receiving insight from my partner, I gained a new perspective on the policy, and sharing my thoughts helped me exercise my analytic skills. Angie (More...)
11-02-2012 19:07:25 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 9 opening question (1) How did the exercise of explicitly identifying and applying goals to your chosen policy affect your view of this policy? Discussing my project with Jarrett was really helpful. Because my group has been working on this topic for a while, I’m definitely working from “ground zero.” Describing the project (More...)
11-02-2012 14:55:07 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 9 opening question Sherry, That's an interesting perspective. I actually found it easier to be an "outsider." I felt like I had more creativity. For my group, I've hit some mental roadblocks because I feel like I made up my mind about a certain decision and can't look fairly at the other solutions. (More...)
11-02-2012 14:53:31 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 9 opening question Melissa, I'm glad you found this beneficial. When my mom told me the Cleveland casino's revenue was down I was pretty surprised. It really didn't open that long ago, but there are a bunch more casinos opening within a few hours from Cleveland, the casino probably lost some of its (More...)
11-02-2012 14:32:20 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 9 opening question "Replying" to all bloggers: I think the text approached this exercise in a conceptual manner rather than in an instructive manner. I felt like I was going back and forth to figure out which diagram should go with which types of goals to go with which types of solution analysis (More...)
11-02-2012 14:21:53 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 9 opening question How did the exercise of explicitly identifying and applying goals to your chosen policy affect your view of this policy? I found it a challenge to look at someone else's project and figure out their goals for them. Especially when it was clear they already had goals. I felt like (More...)
11-02-2012 12:06:03 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 9 opening question Jennifer, I love the idea of providing some visual items to the paper to help sort the issue's goals and alternatives. Nathan and I are also taking on a challenging subject, and I think something along those lines may help us clarify the goals, stakeholders those goals belong to, and (More...)
11-02-2012 12:03:06 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 9 opening question This exercise was very helpful. My project partner and I have struggled to put better structure to what is certainly an interesting topic but, frustratingly, is a poorly defined issue that is muddied by too many stakeholder perspectives. My partner for this week's activity gave me a good example of (More...)
11-02-2012 11:51:15 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 9 opening question Jessica, I found it equally helpful, and I'm glad I was able to help you work through some of the mental roadblocks you've been experiencing. It was great to get your take on the education funding, and I found your casino example fascinating. It prompted me to do a little (More...)
11-02-2012 09:50:38 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 9 opening question Hi Jennifer, I think having another set of eyes looking over our project was very helpful. They were able to look at the facts and provide their input and suggestions. I found this to be very helpful because we can become so engrossed in our project we can often over (More...)
11-02-2012 09:44:58 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 9 opening question Jessica, I also enjoyed having the opportunity to think creatively for my partner. It was fun to brainstorm possible policy goals and solutions. It's nice to hear that your partner helped you to better understand your topic. My partner did the same for me. (More...)
11-02-2012 09:44:49 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 9 opening question Hi Jessica, I agree I am finding this activity to be very helpful in analyzing another project as well as my own. I think providing the real life examples makes it that much more realistic. Kristine (More...)
11-02-2012 09:42:51 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 9 opening question How did the exercise of explicitly identifying and applying goals to your chosen policy affect your view of this policy? This activity was really helpful. It forced us to take a new look at our project, while allowing us to do the same for someone else. I feel like it (More...)
11-01-2012 10:50:37 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 9 opening question I found this to be one of the most enjoyable activities yet. Not only did I have fun with it, I realized how far I have come since the beginning of the semester. It was beneficial getting policy input from my partner, as she provided me with a personal example (More...)
10-29-2012 09:38:36 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 8 applying the ICM What about the ICM do you find most useful so far? I think the most useful part is that the model shows when government’s should or should not intervene. This is done through defining goods (private vs. public, excludability, and rivalry). The model shows us which markets are failing (monopolies, (More...)
10-28-2012 22:43:23 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 8 case studies Yours is well done outline. It gives enough information to allow the reader to look at both policy analyses and compare the problems, goals, analysis type, and outcomes. I wonder if you see great similarities in the way these two issues we assessed. I certainly did. (More...)
10-28-2012 22:34:30 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 8 case studies Canadian Salmon Fishery 1. Executive Summary/Introduction. This section frames the policy problem and sets up the analysis. It identifies policy goals and alternatives and discusses market failures and previous attempts at market correction. 2. BC Salmon Fishery Gives a background on the management of fishery. 3. A Brief History of (More...)
10-28-2012 22:23:53 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 8 case studies Jarrett: Your outline is very organized and detailed. It is easy to follow and see the similarities and differences in each case. Another thing I really like about your outline is how it shows the similarities on both cases but also the differences. Your concluding statements on how the important (More...)
10-28-2012 22:09:23 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 8 case studies Jessica: Your outline is outstanding! It is very easy to follow and simple enough to understand. You made very good points about each case. I like the way you included the ICM in your outline. Another thing I really like about your outline is how it shows the similarities on (More...)
10-28-2012 22:07:37 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 8 case studies When I think of an outline, this is what I imagine. It is very well organized. (More...)
10-28-2012 22:06:53 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 8 case studies When I think of an outline, this is what I imagine. It is very well organized. (More...)
10-28-2012 22:02:57 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 8 case studies I like the way you compared both of the cases and touched on the common themes. This seems like a more efficient way to approach this. (More...)
10-28-2012 21:56:48 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 8 case studies Ch. 1: Increasing the Social Value of the Canadian Fishery 1. Executive Summary – the analyst discusses the policy that will be addressed, other similar policies, and recommendations that are suggested as solutions after the research. 2. Introduction- these are the questions that resulted from the conversations with the client (More...)
10-28-2012 20:35:45 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 8 applying the ICM Having never learned much beyond the basic understanding of economics, I found the ICM to be most helpful in better understanding the economics behind policy. The simplification of the ICM concepts was helpful for breaking it down and provides a springboard for entertaining more complex policy issues and ideas. Defense (More...)
10-28-2012 19:37:43 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 8 comprehension check After conducting a recent Defense Child Care study in my office, I found the matching grant subsidy to be the most interesting item this week. This supply side subsidy provides assistance to alleviate a hardship of some kind. It has a monetary value that is "eaten" by the provider, often (More...)
10-28-2012 19:00:53 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 8 applying the ICM Margaret- I agree that the ICM provides a simplistic view of human behavior and how policies are made based on their preferences. (More...)
10-28-2012 18:38:19 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 8 applying the ICM I guess privatization of all areas of government is fast approaching. But, I agree with you that learning about how to break down the process into smaller components allows us to see why policies were made or changed. Sometimes it appeared that many were done in a vacuum, but now (More...)
10-28-2012 18:33:39 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 8 applying the ICM Kristine, I found your response about your customers humorous. I also work with the public and sometimes I find that it is hard to please everybody. Actually, it is impossible. That is why sometimes the ICM is difficult to understand in that way because you want to do what is (More...)
10-28-2012 18:26:11 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 8 applying the ICM Jeffrey, I liked your way of applying ICM to your personal life. It shows that we all are using ICM daily in making decisions that may better our lives. When washing clothes, we do look at ways to be more efficient in getting the task done in less time and (More...)
10-28-2012 18:18:10 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 8 applying the ICM What in these last 3 lessons, has value to you, both personally, and for the completion of your project? I feel that all of the lessons have helped to understand the concept of policy analysis better. For much of the process of the project, it was somewhat of an abstract (More...)
10-28-2012 18:04:47 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 8 applying the ICM Margaret, It is interesting to see how one can see the ICM working in our everyday lives. I guess learning about it and applying it to economics, I did not think about it on a personal basis. Great insight! (More...)
10-28-2012 18:01:16 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 8 comprehension check Rachel, it is interesting you used tanning beds as an example. I have friends who are nurses and know the increased risks associated with tanning, but they still make sure to visit these salons. This occurs after they teach others to be aware of and avoid tanning beds. So,it makes (More...)
10-28-2012 17:55:02 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 8 case studies Sherry, In response to your earlier response to another post, I think the intro and background section is one of the most important parts of the analysis especially in these two examples where we were not familiar with the issues. I, too, would have been lost without prior explanation. (More...)
10-28-2012 17:54:21 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 8 comprehension check Jarrett, I really enjoyed reading your post on tariffs. Adding the situation with solar panels was an interesting aspect to include to bring home the results of tariffs. I like that the U.S. is trying to encourage domestic enterprise and competition in this area. (More...)
10-28-2012 17:50:59 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 8 case studies Ryan, This was a very clear and thorough analysis of the case studies. You even provided a description of each point which made it especially easy to follow. Great job! (More...)
10-28-2012 17:49:56 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 8 comprehension check Matching grants are from the supply side. (More...)
10-28-2012 17:42:29 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 8 comprehension check The mechanism that struck me as interesting was matching grants. According to Weimer and Vining, these grants are from the U.S. government to the state/local government to be used as “a subsidy to induce…to supply more of some public good X,” (p. 225). They are to match the expenditures that (More...)
10-28-2012 17:09:07 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 8 case studies Canadian Salmon Fishery I. Major Sections a. Executive Summary and Introduction b. Overview of the fishery and the economics of open access to the fishery. c. History of regulation i. Open access ii. Sinclair Report/Davis Plan iii. Pearse Commission iv. Mifflin Plan d. Current and Expected State of the Fishery (More...)
10-28-2012 15:43:51 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 8 applying the ICM Joseph- Good post and I agree mandates may have good intentions but not when it comes to the fiscal aspect of them. (More...)
10-28-2012 15:33:50 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 8 case studies Jessica- I liked how you presented your outline. It is a very easy to follow format and I think you made concise points on the major elements of each case. I particularly thought you did a good job of outlining the Madison taxicab problem. The major components were framed. Great (More...)
10-28-2012 15:30:46 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 8 case studies Andrea- I appreciate how you outlined the major sections and how each are discussed in both cases. When you discuss the policy goals you mention that each case discusses efficiency, equity, political feasibility, and accessibility. I was surprised that each case used such broad goals. They narrowed it down further (More...)
10-28-2012 15:24:34 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 8 case studies I agree that the history of the salmon fishery made for a better analysis. I particularly thought the salmon fishery case had much more detail in general that allowed for a better understanding of the analysis. (More...)
10-28-2012 15:19:48 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 8 comprehension check Kristine, In your example you discussed China using tariffs to encourage the growth of their country's poultry market. This example to me shows that there are both good and bad about tariffs. On the one hand, encourage stimulation of your own country's market by placing extremely high tariffs on goods (More...)
10-28-2012 15:10:13 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 8 comprehension check Megan, Thanks so much for the idea! While examining our policy we came across more information about advocating for increased physical activity for in school classes, like physical education and health. The idea of expanding the increase in physical activity to after-school recreational activities is a potentially great area for (More...)
10-28-2012 12:24:24 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 8 applying the ICM Jeffrey, I think that it also a good thing that we can view the multiple actors in situations and learn from the ICM to try and decipher how each of these actors will be impacted by policy. I feel that as analyst we sometimes have an advantage if we can (More...)
10-28-2012 12:11:42 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 8 applying the ICM Angela, I really enjoyed the fact that you brought up how these lessons not only better our understanding as public administrators, but also as citizens and consumers. I think that is one of the most beneficial parts of these lessons because you can approach what you are learning from different (More...)
10-28-2012 12:07:13 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 8 applying the ICM Hi Margaret, I think using the ICM model to find the best alternatives for your project is a great idea. The model stresses the importance of benefiting as many individuals as possible without hindering others. Great suggestion! Kristine (More...)
10-28-2012 12:03:17 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 8 applying the ICM Hi Sherry, I think it will be extremely beneficial for your group to examine government failures. As we have learned through out these past few lessons, government failures occur in a lot of different areas. It's a great way to reassess the problem at hand and ways to come up (More...)
10-28-2012 10:42:42 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 8 comprehension check Jarret, Thanks for your post and interesting engagement. Isn't a "sin tax" in the eye of the beholder? For instance, obesity rates are connected to nutrition directly and obesity rates impact healthcare expenditures and even transportation costs in a society. For many, drinking a glass of wine might be more (More...)
10-28-2012 10:37:06 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 8 case studies Angela, Kristine, and Sherry, I thought I would add to this good discussion. I also felt like both analyses had similarities and followed the ICM framework. However, I thought the fishery case study showed a far more in-depth offering of possible solutions. (More...)
10-28-2012 09:57:24 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 8 applying the ICM I truly believe the Government is and can be used to assist those who need assistance the most and agree with you that most americans see government assistance as overly burdensome. Likewise, I'm glad that you see the government addressing market failures as a positive and beneficial for our country. (More...)
10-28-2012 09:55:04 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 8 applying the ICM I agree that the practical use differs from the educational aspect, and I look forward to seeing ICM used on the tolling aspect (More...)
10-28-2012 09:52:53 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 8 comprehension check I agree. One other aspect of user fees, especially those such as permits in local municipalities, is that the townships can not make a profit off these. Therefore, the price is the actual cost of operation. (More...)
10-28-2012 09:50:51 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 8 comprehension check This program is essential for the welfare of Americans. How would you associate this with the demand/supply side though? (More...)
10-28-2012 09:46:37 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 8 case studies I like how you extended the title and provided addition summary, which enhances the substance. great job. I believe the history of the fishery allows for a better analysis rather than the taxi cab case. do you agree and do you believe this better assists with the ICM? (More...)
10-28-2012 09:43:41 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 8 case studies very in-depth summary, with commentary to enhance the substance. great job. I believe the history of the fishery allows for a better analysis rather than the taxi cab case. do you agree and do you believe this better assists with the ICM? (More...)
10-28-2012 01:07:10 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 8 case studies Jarrett, You provided a very thorough account of the case studies and made a very important point - there is no perfect solution. However, you discuss how the possible alternatives are actually tailored to the market failures and evaluated on standards to make the best decision possible in the situation. (More...)
10-28-2012 01:00:54 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 8 case studies Melissa, Your outline was very detailed and I like that you highlighted how the policy goals were similar in both cases. The fact that both evaluated the actual policy solutions chosen was also important as there is not an end-all solution to any given market failure or government failure. (More...)
10-28-2012 00:56:08 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 8 case studies In each case, note the major sections, how the problem was developed and framed, elements of the ICM used, presentation of alternatives, criteria for recommendations. The Madison Taxi Case began with a concise executive summary that provided a great overview of the policy study structure, defined the problem, and outlined (More...)
10-28-2012 00:47:14 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 8 case studies Angela, You mention throughout your post about the level of detail in the fishery analysis. I am curious to know if you feel as if this extensive detail, especially in the background of BC and Canadian fisheries, was more beneficial in the overall analysis and final recommendations? -Jarrett (More...)
10-28-2012 00:43:19 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 8 case studies Melissa, I like how you pointed out that the policy analysis of the fishery chose to examine multiple solutions to the problem. I feel as though this is important in policy analysis and implementation. Being exhaustive in your methods will yield the most promising and effective recommendations. -Jarrett (More...)
10-28-2012 00:37:25 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 8 comprehension check Sherry, I really enjoyed your post and the extra article really helped me to gain a better understanding of your post. I find it interesting you chose to discuss the output tax and "sin tax". The "sin tax" in particular, is of controversy, I believe. Sin taxes on cigarettes and (More...)
10-28-2012 00:26:12 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 8 comprehension check Audree, With the high price of gasoline on everyone's mind lately, I appreciate your link between tariffs and oil companies. Also, how you point out China and India's use of tariffs to generate revenue was an excellent point to make regarding the purpose of tariffs. Good post! -Jarrett (More...)
10-28-2012 00:15:30 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 8 applying the ICM Jessica, I am curious to know what policies involving the current election you have applied the ICM? You do not have to tell me who/what policies you are for; I would just like to know how you've applied this and what the outcome was. Thanks, -Jarrett (More...)
10-28-2012 00:12:20 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 8 applying the ICM Andrea, I agree with your point of view of the ICM and how it allows for us to be a better "public servant" as you put it. After reviewing the ICM, I feel as though all of us are now more informed and armed with a variety of tools to (More...)
10-27-2012 23:22:47 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 8 applying the ICM 1. What, in these last three lessons, has value to you, both personally, and for the completion of your project? One of the biggest ideological divides in our nation right now is possibly the role of government and it’s relationship to free markets. This is probably because we’ve gone through (More...)
10-27-2012 23:09:29 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 8 case studies Regulation of the Madison Taxi Market I. Executive Summary • States the problem- city regulates market, preventing access into the taxi market. Prices rise. • The primary entry barrier is identified: 24/7 rule and policy analyst concludes this rule should be ended. II. Introduction • Re-states the problem of high (More...)
10-27-2012 22:35:59 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 8 applying the ICM Andrea, I also appreciated the detail in terms of each piece of the model's explanation. Although frustrating and difficult at first, it all becomes clear with persistence. (More...)
10-27-2012 22:31:15 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 8 applying the ICM Jarrett, I too found the idea and explanation of market failures to be quite informative throughout the ICM process. I have a much less negative view of government intervention after my enhanced background. (More...)
10-27-2012 22:28:20 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 8 applying the ICM 1. What, in these last three lessons, has value to you, both personally, and for the completion of your project? The ICM was the bane of my existence during my undergraduate studies (and for the first two weeks of this course). I didn’t understand why I was studying this from (More...)
10-27-2012 21:54:05 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 8 comprehension check Margaret, I like your example of the National School Lunch program to outline the mechanism of matched goods. This is definitely an area in need considering the obesity statistics among school-aged children and the unemployment rate of parents. Perhaps the government should start providing some sort of matched good benefit (More...)
10-27-2012 21:47:28 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 8 comprehension check Kristine, Your example was eye-opening for me as I too had no idea about China's tariff. It clearly illustrates how easily the government can influence industry. If only our own tariffs would be so high and our tax rates on companies would be much lower, I think we could definitely (More...)
10-27-2012 21:41:37 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 8 comprehension check After going through the comprehension check, the most interesting mechanism to me is tax expenditures. I never really thought of tax expenditures as a subsidy, but by providing a deduction to taxable income and a credit against taxes otherwise owed, the government does, indeed, subsidize certain types of private industry (More...)
10-27-2012 17:19:07 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 8 comprehension check Supply Side Theoretically, output taxes raise a price to the level of marginal social cost, internalizing the negative externality (market failure)—overproduction of goods from the social perspective. The distribution issue at-hand is the transfer of scarcity of rent. Ideally, output taxes allow firms to choose how much to reduce production (More...)
10-27-2012 17:04:20 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 8 comprehension check Jessica, You provided a thorough review of Vouchers. In response to the topic of food stamps, I was wondering if you had heard that within the last few years they have been approved for not just food in some states. For example, in California, low income individuals can now use (More...)
10-27-2012 16:58:17 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 8 comprehension check Audree, Thanks for responding to my post. You bring up a great point. My viewpoint is that with most of these "sin taxes" is just a way to bring in more money. Most of the goods and services these taxes are on are things that people are going to use (More...)
10-27-2012 16:34:41 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 8 applying the ICM 1)- What, in these last three lessons, has value to you, both personally, and for the completion of your project? One of the things I value the most about the last three lessons is the detailed explanation given in each one. Although they were a little difficult to understand and (More...)
10-27-2012 16:26:54 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 8 case studies I. Chapter 1 Case Study: Increasing the Social Value of the Canadian Salmon Fishery 1. Executive Summary and Introduction a. Presents the problem, lists four possible policy alternatives, and the result if alternatives are poorly implemented - fishery represents a net drain on the Canadian economy b. Discusses past market (More...)
10-27-2012 15:37:01 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 8 comprehension check On the supply side, a matching grant is funding from the central that matches the local government’s amount to support a program. The matching grant is typically when local expenditures are a fixed percentage, but there is no cap on the total subsidy that the local government can receive (Weimer (More...)
10-27-2012 15:35:35 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 8 comprehension check Hi Jessica, The food stamp program is a good example of vouchers. For a while in Pennsylvania, vouchers for education were a hot button issue. The two most important things for every family- food and education. (More...)
10-27-2012 15:28:41 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 8 comprehension check The turnpike is a good example regarding the user fees. As technology continues to change how we live, I think it will provide more opportunities to monitor the usage of public goods, such as, roads, bridges, etc. (More...)
10-27-2012 15:14:10 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 8 comprehension check After completing the table of supply-side and demand-side mechanisms, I decided that the most interesting mechanism in the political economy are subsidies. The matched goods are the supply side in this mechanism while the vouchers are the demand side. This mechanism is a tool to aid citizens and businesses when (More...)
10-27-2012 14:37:22 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 8 case studies These are the common sections in both case studies: 1)- Executive summary: an introduction to the issue, giving the what, when, who, where and why of the issue, and putting in plain words the sequence of events discussed in the paper and asserts the guidelines and recommendations to solve the (More...)
10-27-2012 14:05:16 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 8 applying the ICM 1. What, in these last three lessons, has value to you, both personally, and for the completion of your project? I have taken both Micro and Macro, as well as statistics but had not covered the ICM in any of my other MPA classes. I found these to provide standard (More...)
10-27-2012 13:45:29 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 8 case studies Jarrett, Your outline is very detailed, and the concluding statement regarding that no policy analysis will always present the perfect and right solution is a statement that should be kept in mind. New technology and data seems to always be changing the ways things are accomplished. (More...)
10-27-2012 13:37:42 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 8 comprehension check The Lesson 8 Comprehension Check mechanism that I have chosen is tariffs. As a supply side mechanism, tariffs are taxes that raise or lower with the cost of goods, and generate revenue or protect domestic industries from competition. If a country has a large percentage of a good, they ultimately (More...)
10-27-2012 11:47:15 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 8 case studies Regulation of the Madison Taxi Market 1. Executive Summary 2. Introduction: Taxi Service 3. Taxi Regulation 4. Types of Taxicab Regulation a. Price Regulation b. Entry Regulation c. Safety and Regulation d. Distributional Argument 5. Regulation Reasoning 6. Taxi Market 7. Taxi Companies 8. Policy Goals of Regulation 9. (More...)
10-27-2012 11:15:51 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 8 comprehension check User Fees User fees is a demand-side tax which is sometimes called a license fee, a rental charge, or a fare. The first reason these are used is to internalize externalities and the second reason is to price public goods (like bridges and fisheries). Examples of this include road tolling (More...)
10-27-2012 11:10:12 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 8 comprehension check I think you did a great assessment and I appreciate your China example. (More...)
10-27-2012 11:08:00 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 8 comprehension check Jessica, Your assessment of the voucher program was good. It was a comprehensive overview. (More...)
10-27-2012 11:05:52 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 8 case studies I like that you compared the two case studies. That was interesting. (More...)
10-27-2012 11:04:43 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 8 case studies I like that you included the elements of ICM. That was very helpful. (More...)
10-27-2012 11:02:30 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 8 case studies I. Executive Summary II. Early History III. Eras a. The Sinclair Report/Davis Plan (Reduction in licenses) b. The Pearse Commission (Royalty taxes) c. The Mifflin Plan (Fleet reduction) IV. The Current State a. Cost-Benefit Analysis b. Analysis of the impact of the Mifflin Plan V. Policy Goals a. Rent Dissipation (More...)
10-26-2012 23:43:33 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 8 case studies Angie, Your outline provides a good summary of both policy analyses, while also focusing in on the important points that should be included in a policy analysis. (More...)
10-26-2012 22:27:28 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 8 applying the ICM Q1. I had never taken any economics classes in my undergrad and had not covered the ICM in any of my other MPA classes, so the model was new to me. For the most part, I found the explanations to be complex, yet the general idea was interesting. I enjoy (More...)
10-26-2012 21:58:43 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 8 comprehension check After completing the comprehension check activity, I find the most interesting mechanism in the political economy to be vouchers. In particular, I think it is interesting that there are so many ways to apply vouchers in a complex economy. From issues like food stamps through education, the application seems to (More...)
10-26-2012 21:03:07 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 8 applying the ICM 1. What, in these last 3 lessons, has value to you, both personally, and for the completion of your project? The most important lesson for me to take away from the discussion if the ICM is a clearer understanding of the dichotomy between the ideal of rational economic behavior and (More...)
10-26-2012 15:49:41 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 8 applying the ICM Jarrett, It's interesting that you mention combating childhood obesity may make some worse off. What comes to mind initially is the cost of eating healthy. While it's not always the case, eating healthy can be more costly (to individuals, schools, cities and counties, states, etc) than eating unhealthy. I also (More...)
10-26-2012 15:44:44 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 8 applying the ICM Angie, I agree with you. Looking at ICM and many of the other topics we have covered (government failure, etc) from a policy prospective makes more sense. I'm assuming it's more real world experience (in my case) and also the background we've gained as MPA students. I also do not (More...)
10-26-2012 15:17:52 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 8 comprehension check Kristine, Wow, I agree. That's a really interesting example of a tariff. I had no idea! I wonder if this has worked to decrease importation of poultry from the U.S. I found the NYT article useful, especially because it gives a few different potential motivators for the tariff. First, that (More...)
10-26-2012 14:49:25 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 8 comprehension check Sherry, Great job looking at the output tax and commodity tax. I know the idea of an output tax is a big deal for companies, but I really wonder how much a tobacco company suffers from a slight increase in the tax. It seems like big time corporations like many (More...)
10-26-2012 14:39:43 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 8 case studies Chapter 1: Increasing the Social Value of the Canadian Salmon Fishery I. Executive Summary: describes the issues and content of the case study. Also sets the tone for the manner in which the issues should be addressed. a. Describes the mismanagement by the government and other entities as a leading (More...)
10-26-2012 14:16:35 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 8 case studies Margaret, I really appreciated the way you organized your outline. I thought it was particularly good that you emphasized the consumer choices and actions in the Chapter 9 outline. It was also important that you mentioned the cons to all the options, including the Federal anti-trust laws. Nice work. Jessica (More...)
10-26-2012 14:12:01 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 8 case studies Angie, Good question. I personally felt the Chapter 9 taxi case was more effective. I feel that if you are going to do a policy analysis for a client they likely already know the history of their industry. If they do not, there are bigger problems than a policy issue! (More...)
10-25-2012 23:53:15 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 8 applying the ICM 1.What, in these last three lessons, has value to you, both personally, and for the completion of your project? In the last three lessons I learned about the ICM, which was a new concept for me. The model’s attempt to understand individual behavior and how collective behavior arises demonstrates how (More...)
10-25-2012 22:14:01 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 8 case studies Regulation of the Madison Taxi Market 1. Executive Summary 2. Introduction: Taxi Service in Madison 3. The Rational for Taxi Regulation 4. Types of Taxicab Regulation a. Price Regulation b. Entry Regulation c. Entry Regulation to Ensure Safely? d. Distributional Argument for Price and Entry Regulation 5. Why Governments Regulate: (More...)
10-25-2012 19:28:29 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 8 applying the ICM 1)These past three lessons have provided me with an even more detailed understanding of the ICM model. Previous to these lessons, I learned a brief overview of this model as an undergrad. I have a much better understanding of how market failures affect government. The ICM model shows how government (More...)
10-25-2012 16:18:55 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 8 case studies After looking over both cases, it is obvious that recommendations and alternatives are essential when analyzing an issue. The Fishery example provided several alternatives that could provide improvement. The Taxi case only had one recommendation. Do you think that the taxi case should have provided additional alternatives? Kristine (More...)
10-25-2012 16:12:19 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 8 case studies Hi Sherry, That is a great question. I think that providing a detailed background and introduction is essential to understanding the case. As you stated, to understand the case you must first grasp the background. I felt the extent of detail provided in the introduction was at times a bit (More...)
10-25-2012 16:06:25 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 8 comprehension check Tariffs: A tariff is a tax on traded goods and services, mostly affecting imports. “A tariff may either be a percentage of the price or a fixed dollar amount per unit, independent of the price” (Weimer and Vining, 2011. 223). Tariffs help countries boost domestic growth and also “impeded the (More...)
10-25-2012 16:03:30 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 8 case studies Hi Angie, I definitely agree with your comments regarding the Salmon Fishery case. A lot of focus was placed on providing background of the case. I felt that this was also a distraction because the case was extremely drawn out. I would often get lost in the case and need (More...)
10-25-2012 15:57:43 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 8 comprehension check Hi Rachel, I think the idea of a "sin tax" is rather interesting and I'm glad you chose to include it. The idea of imposing a tax to deter certain behaviors from occurring seems like something from history books. An individual will not change their behavior simply because they are (More...)
10-25-2012 15:47:55 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 8 comprehension check Hi Angie, I never thought of how many user fees we encounter on a daily basis. I liked how you stated that by placing a user fee on a public good, it mimics that of a private good. Great comparison. After reading your post I stepped back and began to (More...)
10-25-2012 14:37:07 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 8 case studies Chapter 1 Case Study: Increasing the Social Value of the Canadian Salmon Fishery 1. Executive Summary and Introduction A. This section provides and overview of the policy analysis and helps to develop a framework for what the problem actually is. a. the executive summary outlines potential policy alternatives and policy (More...)
10-25-2012 13:36:15 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 8 comprehension check The mechanism I am outlining is subsidies. The supply-side subsidy is matched goods and the demand-side subsidy is vouchers. This is a mechanism used to provide assistance to consumers or businesses to alleviate a burden placed on them and encourage the use of something, while keeping down the costs. An (More...)
10-25-2012 13:18:41 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 8 applying the ICM 1. What, in these last three lessons, has value to you, both personally and for the completion of your project? Personally the last three lessons gave me insight into how markets operate when humans behave in different manners. It also showed government and market failures that occur and appropriate times (More...)
10-25-2012 12:43:32 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 8 applying the ICM 1. What, in these last three lessons, has value to you, both personally, and for the completion of your project? ~I believe the overall explanation of the ICM has been useful. After reviewing the previous lessons, I have come to understand the concepts and economic benefits of various ideologies in (More...)
10-24-2012 22:13:01 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 8 case studies Angela and Kristine: I saw that Angela had asked Kristine about the in depth explanation of the industry, its history and regulation. I know that question wasn't directed to me, but I wanted to ask if maybe you both thought that the particular length to which the analyst delved into (More...)
10-24-2012 21:33:57 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 8 comprehension check Rachel, Great explanation. I don’t agree with “sin taxes,” because I think they are rarely, if ever, enacted with the intention of actually discouraging dangerous behavior. Rather, they are simply methods of raising additional money, which I find disingenuous. I think these types of taxes perpetuate the general population’s negative (More...)
10-24-2012 21:33:06 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 8 comprehension check Kristine, Your China tariff example is so interesting! Not only is it a great example of a tariff “in action,” but it is also something I didn’t know about. Thanks for sharing! Best, Angie (More...)
10-24-2012 21:25:27 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 8 case studies Kristine, I think your outline is very thorough. When I reviewed the two case studies, I thought it was interesting that the fishery example seemed to spend much more time explaining the industry, its history, and its regulation. Did you think this? If so, which approach did you find to (More...)
10-24-2012 21:24:30 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 8 case studies Jessica, This is a very detailed outline! Based on your notes, the two approaches seem very similar; do you think one was more effective than the other? Best, Angie (More...)
10-24-2012 21:15:30 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 8 applying the ICM Sherry, What do you do for a living? Even if you are not involved in your organization’s “big picture” decisions, does your office need to react to supply and demand from other offices or customers, or make alterations based on efficient use of available resources? I think the ICM’s core (More...)
10-24-2012 21:14:11 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 8 applying the ICM Jessica, I agree with you that, while I do not play a professional role in the policy process, I believe learning about the ICM has made me a more knowledgeable and engaged citizen, which is especially useful during an election year. Learning about the ICM has allowed me to establish (More...)
10-24-2012 20:58:25 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 8 applying the ICM 1. What, in these last three lessons, has value to you, both personally, and for the completion of your project? Although a lot of the topics we’ve discussed during the last three lessons have been “refreshers” from my undergraduate curriculum, I feel like everything makes much more sense after looking (More...)
10-24-2012 20:49:29 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 8 comprehension check Commodity taxes are what Weimer and Vining categorize as one of the demand-side taxes. A substantial portion of commodity taxes is on negative externalities, such as alcohol and tobacco products. Politicians can validate their reasoning for these taxes because they are attempting to reduce consumption on negative externality. However, the (More...)
10-24-2012 19:04:39 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 8 comprehension check The mechanism that I have chosen to focus on is tariffs. Tariffs are considered a supply side mechanism. A tariff is a tax on imported and occasionally exported goods. It is either a fixed dollar amount or a percentage of the good that is being imported. Countries that hold a (More...)
10-24-2012 16:37:07 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 8 comprehension check I decided to look at the Output tax/ Commodity Tax mechanisms. I examined both the supply side of the Output Tax and the demand side of the Commodity Tax. The Output Tax or Pigovian tax is a supply side tax that seeks to equalize marginal social benefits and costs where (More...)
10-24-2012 15:13:45 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 8 applying the ICM 1 What, in these last three lessons, has value to you, both personally, and for the completion of your project? I value the detailed explanation, allbeit rather tedious and difficult to absorb, of market and government failures. There are many responses to said failures that I never really understood the (More...)
10-24-2012 11:46:37 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 8 case studies Chapter 1 Major Sections Executive Summary and Introduction ~Provides overview of the case ~What the case will examine throughout its study ~How the case study will progress A Brief History of Government Regulation of the Fishery ~Early History - Open Access (1880’s) ~The Sinclair Report/Davis Plan (1960’s-1980’s) ~The Pearse Commission (More...)
10-24-2012 06:14:03 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 8 case studies The two case studies contain the following general sections: 1.) Executive summary: in both case studies, this section introduces the problem, explains the progression of the paper, and states what the paper will recommend. 2.) Introduction/Background Information: these sections differ slightly between the two examples. A much more in-depth history (More...)
10-23-2012 19:19:48 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 8 comprehension check User fees are an interesting demand-side mechanism to alter incentives, because they force users of public goods to consider and pay for the costs of the goods or services they receive/use. User fees are more often known as license fees, rental charges, or fares and are levied with the intention (More...)
10-23-2012 11:41:03 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 8 comprehension check Vouchers Vouchers, such as the U.S. Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (formerly the food stamp program), are documents that can be spent like money on certain goods. Eligibility requirements are usually associated with voucher programs. The food stamp program is available to low-income, eligible people who are given voucher debit cards (More...)
10-23-2012 10:25:02 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 8 case studies Chapter 1 Major Sections a. Executive Summary and Introduction b. A Brief History of Government Regulation of Fishery c. Current and Expected State of Fishery d. Policy Goals and Alternatives e. Comparison of Three Alternatives f. Assessment and Recommendation Development and Framing of Problem a. Need to address fishery’s drain (More...)
10-23-2012 10:22:30 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 8 applying the ICM 1. What, in these last three lessons, has value to you, both personally, and for the completion of your project? I honestly cannot remember much about ICM if I did learn about it in prior economic classes, so it has been really beneficial to (re-)learn about ICM. I think what (More...)
10-22-2012 12:49:32 Aaron Wachhaus Lesson 7 opening question Angela, I agree that other-regarding behavior is fundamental to human society. Darwin, for instance, asserted that social cooperation was at least as strong a force as natural selection. Of course, I'm an anarchist who believes that people naturally will get together to collectively solve their problems, so I may be (More...)
10-21-2012 23:57:49 NATHAN HUYETT Lesson 7 opening question While I agree that some programs benefit everyone due to the greater good, there are other programs that are more questionable in nature. My experience working for a county assistance office has opened my eyes to unbelievable abuses of benefits that are meant to help people out of temporary hardship. (More...)
10-21-2012 23:49:55 NATHAN HUYETT Lesson 7 opening question What was you impression of the development of social welfare from individual self-interest? The development of social welfare from individual self-interest in this lesson certainly makes sense from a practical standpoint. The concept of insurance is a realistic example of how individual self-interest would be reflected appropriately. However, many (More...)
10-21-2012 23:19:45 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 7 opening question Joseph: I agree with you completely: the statement “The goal of public policy is to improve the lives of citizens and develop a "good society.’" Only applies to the society as a group not to single individuals. I also agree with you on how society is always changing and these (More...)
10-21-2012 22:49:38 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 7 opening question Melissa, Thanks for your post and for bringing in the example of public education to reflect upon both questions. I found this extremely helpful. Your argument reminds me of the cost-benefit analysis (social welfare assessment) of educating a child verses having someone in prison. 80% of all high-school dropouts eventually (More...)
10-21-2012 22:45:22 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 7 opening question Thanks for your very thoughtful post Megan. I largely agree with what you said about needing to keep an close eye on our government to make sure shared values of society are reflected. I also found your views about the extreme nature of Rawlanism to be interesting. I'm always reminded (More...)
10-21-2012 22:38:05 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 7 opening question 1. What was you impression of the development of social welfare from individual self-interest? Utilitarianism provides one of many social welfare functions and a framework for aggregating the utilities of individuals in a society in order to derive the utility of the society as a whole. Consequences of actions are (More...)
10-21-2012 22:36:11 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 7 opening question Jennifer: I found your post very thoughtful. I agree with your statement on how the goal of public policy is to improve the lives of everyone and therefore make a better society. I also agree with your statement about how the system is continually challenging and requiring close oversight. Your (More...)
10-21-2012 19:11:33 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 7 opening question 1. What was your impression of the development of social welfare from individual self-interest? Developing social welfare from self-interest is completely possible, and probable. We have examples of it everywhere. Some are alruistic, and others are out of recognition that personal benefits are worthwhile for the cost of the social (More...)
10-21-2012 18:36:07 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 7 opening question Melissa and Megan, I understand what you're getting at with the flood zone thing, but I'd like to offer this up: New Orleans, Houston, and other flood prone areas are hot spots for residents because when those cities were built, they were built around their ports. Commerce, oil, maritime transit, (More...)
10-21-2012 17:35:04 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 7 opening question Melissa, You brought up the point that some people rely on social welfare systems to live and deplete the system. Throughout my time in rural areas and dealing in inner city areas, I found that there are some people who are second and third-generation welfare recipients who never held a (More...)
10-21-2012 17:24:31 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 7 opening question Jennifer, I like your example of public education taxes because it demonstrates how some will pay to fund programs of which they get no benefit. However, I would beg to differ because people in a community with a sub-par educational system suffer from unemployment and a lack of industry investment (More...)
10-21-2012 17:14:09 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 7 opening question The concept of social welfare appears to be contrary to the inherent principles accepted in terms of individual self-interest. Most behavioral models we have looked at so far during this semester make some sort of assumption that each individual will make a choice to maximize his or her individual utility. (More...)
10-21-2012 15:15:06 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 7 opening question In a way I find your response very optimistic regarding how we trust that funds from taxes will be allocated appropriately. I am not sure that I have found anyone that finds immediate satisfaction in "knowing" their tax money is going to help the less fortunate. Working in the finance (More...)
10-21-2012 14:55:08 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 7 opening question Hello Angela, I think you are right on with your description of the development of social welfare in the U.S. and its juxtaposition to the way that ICM theory describes rationality, both economic and human. I also think that the "other-regarding" aspect of human behavior is a powerful influence on (More...)
10-21-2012 14:48:46 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 7 opening question Melissa, I support your opinion on some social programs. Stricter regulations should be put in place for these programs, because I feel some, if not a large amount, may take advantage of the system. This only puts a larger strain on the working class whose taxes have to support these (More...)
10-21-2012 14:43:31 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 7 opening question Hi Jessica, I think your characterization of the ICM as idealistic and inherently optimistic is a very interesting way of approaching the theory. You are right that there are many grey areas that exist within the confines of ICM. Many would say that this is because humans rarely act with (More...)
10-21-2012 11:45:19 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 7 opening question Hi Rachel, I agree with your post. I think by having checks and balances in place enables the government to better serve its citizens. The goal of social welfare is to provide the greatest benefit to the greatest number of individuals. Providing oversight prevents any one person's personal views and (More...)
10-21-2012 11:36:30 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 7 opening question Hi Margaret, Great post. I agree that the ICM model is more optimistic than our government. I agree that the idea of social welfare is to provide the greatest level of benefit without causing harm to others. As you stated at times an individual's ill will gets in the way (More...)
10-21-2012 10:47:53 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 7 opening question Lachaka- I agree with you that the ICM model is very optimistic compared to the government and that is why regulation occurs. The fact that not everyone behaves in a rational manner and there are failures, oversight and regulation are needed. I really enjoyed reading your post! (More...)
10-21-2012 10:24:29 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 7 opening question Jennifer- I liked the examples you gave in each of your answers. They are two ways of showing how complex government and society can be and how those complexities have affects on creating the most efficient policies. Thanks for the post! (More...)
10-20-2012 22:14:10 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 7 opening question ICM tends to be more optimistic than government. As the government doesn’t assume that everyone will participate freely and honestly in services and enterprise. This is why there is so much regulation. The ICM model can be a challenge to the way things operate, but there is no way to (More...)
10-20-2012 21:49:12 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 7 opening question Jarret, I agree with so much of what you stated. Yet, many people are not always agreeable to the idea of paying for benefits for their neighbors (i.e. medicaid, SNAP, cash assistance, SSI). It is good for society to help each other out. This assistance may be keeping some of (More...)
10-20-2012 21:31:22 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 7 opening question I agree with your statement that government needs oversight but only when there are some sort of detriments to society. The discrepancies of taxes and usage of medical benefits is a big concern to many as there appears to be a small percentage getting the most usage with others paying (More...)
10-20-2012 11:57:20 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 7 opening question "We also have to look to consumers in regards to ICM and the government." Consumers are too often complacent and usually default their preferences to those they feel are better prepared to make those choices for them. Those defaulted to, know this. It is all to often used to (More...)
10-20-2012 11:51:47 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 7 opening question You stated "At times the ICM can be overly optimistic by striving to limit negative consequences." Pareto efficiency doesn't promise to limit negative consequences in fact it admits one cannot be better off without another being negatively affected. But I loved this: "Individuals and governments do not always act rationally (More...)
10-20-2012 11:42:32 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 7 opening question As for seeing ICM as inherently optmistic or ever changing and needing to close oversight. I think my example on Social Security proves that it needs oversight because though the model or program or system doesn't change, advancements in other areas may require it to. You don't need to fix (More...)
10-20-2012 11:37:06 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 7 opening question Correction: In my post I state "What people don’t think about is that what might be best for society as a whole is not what is best for them" I mean to say MIGHT not always be what is best for them (More...)
10-20-2012 11:28:56 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 7 opening question The development of social welfare programs in a country where we highly value individualism is guaranteed to be riddled with paradoxes. It is interesting that we willingly partake in programs that we actually have no choice but to partake in. You WILL pay into Social Security if you want to (More...)
10-20-2012 11:13:52 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 7 opening question Very insightful post. At the end of your first paragraph you stat that some view social welfare programs as a "way of life" and that weakens the system. You then quickly move to the next paragraph. I am curious to what you mean by that last statement. I assume you (More...)
10-20-2012 11:04:31 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 7 opening question Jessica, I agree with you as well. Arguably, its practically impossible to impose any program that would be received undisputed. I am not naive to the fact that these programs lead to some hostility amongst citizens, and I agree with your post that this is inevitable. I think to better (More...)
10-20-2012 09:40:39 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 7 opening question Government was originated to protect its citizens. Public policy has an obligation to ensure that the best of the common good is placed into law to create the best society it can. Because all citizens are created equally but are not necessarily the same as far as knowledge, skills, abilities, (More...)
10-19-2012 21:40:41 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 7 opening question Hi Jennifer, Thoughtful post. You commented that the system is continually challenging and requiring close oversight. (I agree) You also state perhaps an incentive system could be implemented to ensure completion. ( I am going to play devil's advocate) I think the incentive program is a good idea, but where (More...)
10-19-2012 21:26:16 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 7 opening question Hi Joseph, I understand your concern, but the social programs will never go away, and they should be only used a safety net. Sadly, my experiences have shown me too many instances where individuals see social programs as a way of life, which is discerning to say the least. I (More...)
10-19-2012 16:16:10 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 7 opening question Jarrett, I initially posted the opposite of what you said - that increasing the social welfare will increase the burden for some. I am interested in exploring your perspective more. You pose a good argument next to my response. I really do see your perspective. When the burden on some (More...)
10-19-2012 16:06:29 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 7 opening question Angie - I agree in your response to me. When writing my post I definitely thought about the "other-regarding" notion presented in our book. Even from personal experience, I make some choices based on other regarding. Thanks for your input. Jessica (More...)
10-19-2012 15:45:32 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 7 opening question Oversight is a great way to monitor the perceived benefits to society. Another way would be to have a focus group/discussion or even to hold some type of a poll. Thank you for your insight! (More...)
10-19-2012 15:41:54 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 7 opening question Andrea – I agree. Government officials are not perfect in their development and implementation of policies. Those creating policies are often plagued with other interests that conflict with those they’re trying to promote through their policies (as we read). We also have to look to consumers in regards to ICM (More...)
10-19-2012 15:41:35 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 7 opening question I absolutely agree with you. You cannot increase taxes on people and expect everyone to benefit. Further, you need to find the optimal point where the smallest tax increase will benefit the greatest number of people. Thank you for your assessment. (More...)
10-19-2012 15:14:35 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 7 opening question I completely agree in your response, and especially that of Rawl’s notion of “justice as fairness.” I too believe that most public servants are "guided by the idea that society is founded on the core principles of equity and solidarity and work for the common good." well done, and thank (More...)
10-19-2012 15:08:42 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 7 opening question I agree, however am concerned by those who just as you state, "think social see the (social) programs as a way of life, which weakens and depletes the system." The system is to produce at-least some form of a safety net to those in need while encouraging the greatest possible (More...)
10-19-2012 15:01:28 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 7 opening question At it’s face, social welfare and individual self-interest are inherently different. Social, being that of a collective group is to therefore be a social fact: fact based on the group. Therefore it follows that individual self-interests, not being that of a collective group, only reflect a limited amount of one. (More...)
10-19-2012 14:33:04 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 7 opening question The Idealized Competitive Model’s main concept is to determine how to produce the maximum value for the minimum costs for society with given individual and social preferences. And like ICM, the goal of public policy strives to improve the lives of citizens and to develop a “good society.” Weimer and (More...)
10-19-2012 10:49:27 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 7 opening question What was you impression of the development of social welfare from individual self-interest? - The premise of social welfare is, by definition of the ICM, inherently contradictory to what we view as self-interest. However, the ultimate goal of public policy, such as social welfare, is to create an equal and (More...)
10-18-2012 22:07:04 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 7 opening question 1)- What was your impression of the development of social welfare from individual self-interest? What I learned from this lesson is that the development of social welfare was designed to give members of society facing unfavorable conditions a decent level of benefits. The existence and development of social welfare is (More...)
10-18-2012 20:33:08 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 7 opening question Self-interest fuels society's opinions on what each individuals greatest utility is and how the combined utilities of a large amount of people that are the same or similar allow for social welfare to be adapted in the form of public policy. The goal of public policy is to provide the (More...)
10-18-2012 20:09:13 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI lesson 6 opening question Melissa, I agree that the material in the lesson and the PowerPoint presentation helped to understand the model, and I also agree that the chapters in the book were confusing. I appreciate the visual aspects as much as possible since we do not meet in person. I agree that the (More...)
10-18-2012 19:57:47 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI lesson 6 opening question Angela, I'm pretty sure I commented on your post because I remember your great posting. Somehow, the system didn't register my comments last week. Most importantly, I completely agree that "public policy would be completely useless if we couldn’t understand, on the most basic and generic level, humans’ motivations and (More...)
10-18-2012 19:35:40 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI lesson 6 opening question In reviewing this page, it seems that my posting never stayed up. sorry about that ! Sorry for the upcoming political examples, its getting close to election day and that’s where my mind is currently. What about the ICM do you find most useful so far? the government should intervene (More...)
10-18-2012 18:44:25 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 7 opening question What was your impression of the development of social welfare from individual self-interest? As this lesson has shown, public policy is intended to provide the greatest level of benefit to society. Social welfare is at the center of public policy. Public policy intends to provide the greatest benefit to as (More...)
10-18-2012 06:04:50 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 7 opening question Jessica, I think you’re right in your conclusions about social welfare: while seemingly the “right” thing to do in a developed country like the United States, the idea of social welfare undermines the core principles of the ICM. Therefore, we have a challenge in deciding how much social welfare to (More...)
10-18-2012 06:02:04 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 7 opening question Jennifer, I too believe our government and the ICM require close supervision. You raise a great point with the police force, and I think it ultimately boils down to the fact that our government was not designed to promote the values of the ICM. Therefore, the two systems do not (More...)
10-18-2012 05:49:06 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 7 opening question 1. What was you impression of the development of social welfare from individual self-interest? The existence and development of social welfare contradicts the basic assumption of the ICM that people are wholly focused on maximizing their own utility. But as Wiemer and Vining write in their text, people are sometimes (More...)
10-17-2012 10:18:55 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 7 opening question 1. What was you impression of the development of social welfare from individual self-interest? The goal of public policy is to benefit society with as little burden as possible in exchange. As we can see from the readings this week, this is incredibly difficult to do. In order to benefit (More...)
10-17-2012 09:27:38 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 7 opening question What was your impression of the development of social welfare from individual self-interest? The goal of public policy is to improve the lives of everyone and therefore make a better society. However this is not an easy task. In order to improve some lives, through improving public education or building (More...)
10-17-2012 00:24:59 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 7 opening question The ICM is an excellent theory to start with when we are dealing with human behavior. As we discussed in the previous lesson, aspects of the theory like Pareto efficiency and the rational basis approach can provide a revealing amount of information about the way we function at the most (More...)
10-14-2012 23:59:02 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD lesson 6 opening question Margaret, I completely agree with your response to the second question. My response was almost identical to yours. I like how you point out that the ICM shows when it is alright for the government to intervene with market failures. Living in today's world, it seems the government thinks it (More...)
10-14-2012 23:52:28 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD lesson 6 opening question Nathan, I really liked your tie in to rational behavior and understanding "best interest." This is a challenge for me as I have seen many individuals act contrary to their best interest because there is something larger beyond them that they care about much more than advancing themselves. I guess (More...)
10-14-2012 23:42:56 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD lesson 6 opening question What about the ICM do you find most useful so far? The ICM takes very complex and ever-changing environments as well as individual and group behaviors and simplifies them. This is very useful from a policy analysis standpoint because it helps to better understand the target issue from many different (More...)
10-14-2012 21:52:43 ERIC DUSTIN HICKSON lesson 6 opening question 1. I find the ICM model to be very logical to me, mainly because I took 9 hours of economics as an undergraduate. The ICM is straightforward when outlining the laws of supply and demand. I agree that the perfect free-market system an ideal way to efficiently address many issues. (More...)
10-14-2012 21:40:51 ANDREA J FUENTES lesson 6 opening question Jennifer: I agree with you about how the most useful part of the ICM is that the model shows when government’s should or should not intervene. I also think that by using this tool the government can improve any problem they have in some markets. Your example of the Obamacare (More...)
10-14-2012 21:30:33 ANDREA J FUENTES lesson 6 opening question Margaret: Like you, I don't have any background in economics and also found the way ICM simplifies complex human behavior to be a good starting point. I also think the rules for when governments should intervene were very useful. I agree with your statement: “By recognizing when markets fail and (More...)
10-14-2012 20:24:46 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE lesson 6 opening question Sherry- I liked your answer to what is most challenging about the model. I felt the exact same way about it being unfair. It is hard for me to wrap my head around the fact that a market can be efficient but not distribute fairly, but I am starting to (More...)
10-14-2012 18:24:55 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY lesson 6 opening question Hi Jarrett, Great question. I feel that the Pareto efficiency increases the efficiency between government actors and consumers. It shows that the well being of all is being taken into consideration. The level of trust and interaction between both parties increases. This concept enables the consumer to feel well taken (More...)
10-14-2012 18:14:40 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY lesson 6 opening question Hi Angela, I agree that the Pareto efficiency is a challenge. It's very difficult to maintain everyone's best interest. The notion of this idea is to provide the greatest benefit without causing undue harm to others. I think you made some great points. Kristine (More...)
10-14-2012 17:47:37 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER lesson 6 opening question Jarrett, Your response to Kristine's comment regarding government involvement and protecting infant businesses made me think about the current situation with the economy. It almost seems that the government has only protected the bigger companies as with the banks and the automobile industry while smaller companies have gone under due (More...)
10-14-2012 12:23:12 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER lesson 6 opening question Melissa, regarding your suggestion that if ICM were to resemble a political ideology it would be socialism, I disagree. I think political philosophies can interact with a free-market model like ICM, but it's tough to compare the model itself to one or the other. Socialism, in particular, is a principle (More...)
10-14-2012 12:15:25 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER lesson 6 opening question Jessica, I was thinking the same things as I read through the material for this week--how do these principles play into the current, partisan, ideological narrative about the economy we're witnessing in the current election cycle? It strikes me that most people don't have a clear understanding of the way (More...)
10-14-2012 12:08:25 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER lesson 6 opening question 1. What about the ICM do you find most useful so far? ICM creates a baseline for the conversation about how commerce can function in an idealized free-market system and leads us to the question about the role of government in that market. While ICM imagines a world in which (More...)
10-14-2012 10:37:26 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS lesson 6 opening question Hello Jessica, Your blog post is very well thought out and I appreciate the honesty about your frustrations with some of the ICM and other economic theories. It's a great read. I also think that Pareto efficiency is useful concept for public policy analysts to use when evaluating problems and (More...)
10-14-2012 10:31:37 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE lesson 6 opening question Melissa, Thanks for the comment! The answer to your question, for me, can go both ways. I think that in some markets our government may not have enough information to predict a market failure, it may just be something that happens; however, in a situation such as the mortgage failures (More...)
10-14-2012 10:21:07 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS lesson 6 opening question Hi Melissa, I think your point about consumers and information is really important to the discussion of ICM and the way consumers behave. I agree that people never have all the information they need readily in hand to make all their decisions. There are so many choices that must be (More...)
10-13-2012 21:39:56 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY lesson 6 opening question Hi Classmates, After reading the posts and re-reading the material, if you had to compare the ICM to a political ideology, do you think it resembles socialism? I think it does because distributes resources completely. (More...)
10-13-2012 20:39:56 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY lesson 6 opening question Angela, You bring up a good aspect regarding if we never achieve optimal results. However, maybe it is the journey rather than destination when it comes to the ICM, (More...)
10-13-2012 13:51:22 LACHAKA C HUBBARD lesson 6 opening question I like that you brought up consumers making choices spur of the moment with time constraints and that some decisions are static. When I buy a car, I usually pick based on past experiences with them. I pretty much have driven the same brand and model of car (with varying (More...)
10-13-2012 13:40:01 LACHAKA C HUBBARD lesson 6 opening question I agree with you about the Pareto efficiency being an idea that will never be completely achievable. It is a concept that provides a frame of mind for producers to be mindful. Yet, many firms are not such. When I look at coal usage of China or the amount of (More...)
10-13-2012 13:08:27 LACHAKA C HUBBARD lesson 6 opening question I am just wondering, you state many broad ideas of how "Obamacare" will make taxes worse off for many. I felt that you left out some details because I was left wondering more about these things. (More...)
10-13-2012 13:03:11 LACHAKA C HUBBARD lesson 6 opening question 1. What about the ICM do you find most useful so far? Understanding what consumers want in terms of the basic necessities of life and those that are our want for luxuries, ICM does an excellent job of conceptualizing how humans make decisions about purchasing or producing goods. ICM does (More...)
10-12-2012 21:21:44 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH lesson 6 opening question Kristine, Ending your second paragraph by stating it is impossible to avoid government intervention was well placed. A lot of controversy surrounds the issue of government involvement within the markets and their regulation. As we now know, however, more often than not, the government needs to intervene from time to (More...)
10-12-2012 20:54:48 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH lesson 6 opening question Melissa, I found it interesting and insightful how you strayed away from the status quo on this topic and chose to discuss market failures. I like how you tied in the current standing of the global economy to illustrate your view on violation of government control. I also agree with (More...)
10-12-2012 20:38:26 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS lesson 6 opening question I think that the most useful thing about the Idealized Competitive Model is that it gives you an excellent, logical foundation upon which to base your perspective of a situation or issue. As readings and this lesson mentioned, nearly everything we encounter or experience can be at least partially explained (More...)
10-12-2012 20:04:00 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER lesson 6 opening question Rachel, I like that you discussed that not all consumers purchase or consider purchasing in the same way. I took the perspective that a single person's prefernces will change over time but failed to consider that at any given point in time the collective ideas of human beings will differ. (More...)
10-12-2012 20:03:23 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER lesson 6 opening question Rachel, I like that you discussed that not all consumers purchase or consider purchasing in the same way. I took the perspective that a single person's prefernces will change over time but failed to consider that at any given point in time the collective ideas of human beings will differ. (More...)
10-12-2012 20:00:24 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER lesson 6 opening question Margaret, I also found the simplification of complex human behavior to be a good starting point for the ICM, and the rules for when governments should intervene was also useful. I wonder though, since you stated "By recognizing when markets fail and what decisions caused them to fail can help (More...)
10-12-2012 19:53:43 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER lesson 6 opening question 1. What about the ICM do you find to be the most useful so far? As a person who understands only enough economics to be dangerous, I find the "rules" for when governments can/should step in to control a market failure to be the most useful part of the ICM (More...)
10-12-2012 18:59:50 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER lesson 6 opening question Jessica, I do think you bring up a good point. In regards to your question about which party the ICM (in particular about government intervention) would favor I would have to say neither. Government was founded to protect its citizens. I believe if a certain producer has a monopoly over (More...)
10-12-2012 18:48:53 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER lesson 6 opening question 1. What about the ICM do you find most useful so far? The Idealized competitive model provides a broad example of ideal consumer and producer behavior in economic situations. The goal is to find a median where all participants are happy. How do we make consumers happy where they feel (More...)
10-12-2012 14:43:59 JESSICA FAY JONES lesson 6 opening question An overall thought I had after reading many of the posts on our blog is in relation to the idea that the government get involved when markets fail. Since the election is right around the corner, the topic of politics is on my mind (probably all the commercials…). Since democrats (More...)
10-12-2012 14:29:44 JESSICA FAY JONES lesson 6 opening question Angela, You make a really good point when you say that policy analysis would be useful if we could not understand human interactions and decisions at a basic level. Although realities complicate ICM, it really is a great starting place. Otherwise, we would be making decisions from even more obscure (More...)
10-12-2012 12:22:39 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH lesson 6 opening question I see what you're saying here and I agree completely. I believe I just transitioned my points poorly. You are right that Pareto does not support equality, rather it supports competition. In the economic sense, this is a spot on observation. However, I was attempting to switch idea paths from (More...)
10-12-2012 09:48:59 Aaron Wachhaus lesson 6 opening question Jennifer There's a lot to unpack in your examples from ATR. It gets directly at the heart of what's 'rational'. I see Grover Norquist as a political activist. I know that many liberals want nothing to do with him or his ideas - they'd accuse him of not acting in (More...)
10-12-2012 05:57:31 ANGELA MARIE SMITH lesson 6 opening question Jarrett I agree with you that the ICM provides a simple means for interpreting human interactions in the free market. In this way, it makes for a great starting point for future inquiries and interpretations. However, I don’t think the fact that Pareto efficiency doesn’t promote equality is a fault (More...)
10-11-2012 22:40:48 ANDREA J FUENTES lesson 6 opening question What about the ICM do you find most useful so far? What do you find most challenging? Why do you think that this paradigm has become such a powerful means of considering people’s behavior? The part I found more useful about the ICM is the way it simplifies a very (More...)
10-11-2012 15:09:17 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON lesson 6 opening question What about the ICM do you find most useful so far? What I find useful so far is that it can be used to analyze economic situation in which we can determine whether or not policies implemented are actually efficient. I really like some of the posts I have read (More...)
10-11-2012 13:05:56 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON lesson 6 opening question Jarrett that was a great example on surplus. That is exactly right! We cannot raise minimum wage because it becomes inefficient! Nice analogy (More...)
10-11-2012 12:36:35 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE lesson 6 opening question 1.To me the ICM model is most useful in explaining in a simplistic manner the everyday activity of consumers and producers and the market decisions they make. By explaining ideal situations and outcomes for situations it is easier to apply those concepts to real life examples in analysis. I also (More...)
10-11-2012 12:32:25 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON lesson 6 opening question It's interesting to read some thoughts that are being shared on the idea of the simplicity of the model. Some have pointed out that its too simple so its unrealistic and of course that is one of the "disclaimers" in our lesson. I try to keep in mind that it (More...)
10-11-2012 12:19:59 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY lesson 6 opening question What about the ICM do you find most useful so far? The Idealized Competitive Model (ICM) has many benefits. What I find to be most useful is the way the model approaches the market. It takes a complex system and narrows it down to a generalized understanding of how individuals (More...)
10-11-2012 10:00:21 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER lesson 6 opening question Angela, I really agree with your assessments. The ICM is very simplistic and I agree that it's why people like to use it. That and the fact that there isn't a better alternative. Jen Balsiger (More...)
10-11-2012 09:55:00 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER lesson 6 opening question Jessica, I agree that the ICM is very consistent and universal. I do not believe there is a better model that has been made. I think it's important the ICM results are considered and analyzed, but policy makers must also understand the ways in which the model lacks (people's choices (More...)
10-11-2012 09:52:31 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER lesson 6 opening question What about the ICM do you find most useful so far? I think the most useful part is that the model shows when government’s should or should not intervene. This is done through defining goods (private vs. public, excludability, and rivalry). The model shows us which markets are failing (monopolies, (More...)
10-09-2012 23:56:36 NATHAN HUYETT lesson 6 opening question 1)What about the ICM do you find most useful so far? What I find most useful about The Idealized Competitive Model so far is its ability to capture a general snapshot of how the market works, without attempting to micromanage and control every potential scenario. While sticking to several significant (More...)
10-09-2012 23:52:53 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY lesson 6 opening question The idealized competitive model and its economic perspective on public policy provides a comprehensive understanding of individual and group behavior, the operations of the market-driven private sector, and when and how the government should intervene. I think the model does a thorough job of explaining how the desires of (More...)
10-09-2012 22:43:38 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH lesson 6 opening question 1. What about the ICM do you find most useful so far? -The Idealized Competitive Model is useful in the fact that it simplifies a broad and extremely complex topic. Attempting to explain human behavior is an extremely daunting task. Whether we realize this or not, we play this (More...)
10-09-2012 19:45:47 ANGELA MARIE SMITH lesson 6 opening question Jessica, I completely understand and agree with your confusion. While the ICM seems simple enough to understand conceptually, what are we supposed to do with it in reality? One of the caveats of the model is that Pareto efficiency can never be completely realized, because the real world violates the (More...)
10-09-2012 19:40:01 ANGELA MARIE SMITH lesson 6 opening question 1. What about the ICM do you find most useful so far? I think the ICM is useful, because it allows us to explain, albeit simplistically, human interaction and clearly identify the ideal economic situation. Public policy would be completely useless if we couldn’t understand, on the most basic and (More...)
10-08-2012 19:57:40 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY student analysis projects After turning in the paper, I think the overall progress of the first milestone was a success! The first milestone allowed me to look closely at the transportation issue in Pennsylvania. After reading in depth about the possible solutions to help with the transportation infrastructure crisis, I learned about the (More...)
10-08-2012 14:33:17 JESSICA FAY JONES lesson 6 opening question The Idealized Competitive Model has been very helpful in realizing how individuals and groups of people make market decisions in an idealized environment. The main concepts of the model, particularly the Pareto efficiency, make sense in studying the economy. I took basic economics as an undergraduate, so I have familiarity (More...)
10-06-2012 18:37:10 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Midpoint evaluation * What can you take away from the first five lessons what has value to you? These five lessons have taught me that policy analysis is not as easy as it looks. There are several models to choose between and the one that is chosen is based on needs (More...)
10-05-2012 20:54:23 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Midpoint evaluation I wish you the best of luck in your pursuit of a public sector career. I currently work on the municipal level and see the policy process everyday. You are completely correct that understanding the problem is the primary aspect to improving society. However, certain policies are Pareto efficient or (More...)
10-05-2012 20:47:04 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Midpoint evaluation Eric, When you enter the public sector, you'll quickly find game theory a common guest. I'm a complete nerd so I have fun with this during my curent municipal position and have found this even more at the Federal level. I found it much more intriguing on the Federal level, (More...)
10-05-2012 20:41:43 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Midpoint evaluation What can you take away from the first five lessons what has value to you? Policy models detail the environment and allow us to rationalize choices; hence choice theory. The ability to measure allows society to therefore improve itself regardless whether it is the public or private sector. Each of (More...)
10-04-2012 21:15:06 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Midpoint evaluation Audree, You just described my life with kids. O that cyber nation-parenting parallel! There it is again! (More...)
10-01-2012 09:48:26 ERIC DUSTIN HICKSON Midpoint evaluation 1: The first five lessons have taught me the different models of decision making and policy approaches. I have learned that it is hard to have complete information about an issue, which can make decision making very hard. I have also learned that policy making can be as much of (More...)
09-30-2012 22:49:33 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 5 opening question Angela: I really enjoyed reading your post. You make some excellent points regarding how the individual addict can fit in with Mills' theory, and how you make a good argument inn your position on why Mills would consider addiction simply a manifest of the level of unhappiness in a person. (More...)
09-30-2012 22:12:53 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 5 opening question Angela, thanks for your thorough analysis. I liked that you caught that Mill would probably place someone with addiction into the category of extreme unhappiness, given that their psychological state prior to altering their state may be considered unhappy by him. (More...)
09-30-2012 22:09:54 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 5 opening question Melissa, thanks for this post. I really appreciated your comments about us needing to take look at our own definitions of pain and pleasure and recognize that those terms and conditions have different parameters for ever person.I also think those definitions can be different depending on one's cultural construct. Some (More...)
09-30-2012 22:05:24 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Midpoint evaluation 1) What can you take away from the first five lessons what has value to you? The most prominent thing I take away is the numerous approaches public policy theorists have come up with to assess and analyses the process of policy, particularly in the United States. I now find (More...)
09-30-2012 21:55:35 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 5 opening question I believe Mill would have addressed the issue of addiction through the lens of his second assertion that selfishness is the leading cause of an "unsatisfied life." To many, the use of things one becomes addicted to begins out of pursuit of personal and temporary happiness. Generally, considerations aren't made (More...)
09-30-2012 21:12:44 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Midpoint evaluation I work in Defense program evaluation. We work hand-in-hand (sometimes fist-to-fist) with our Policy shops. Learning about the different theories in policy thought and consideration has been enlightening. I'll be able to use this information professionally to better understand the policy perspectives, how they contribute to PE, and how PE (More...)
09-30-2012 16:11:24 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Midpoint evaluation I'm so glad so many people enjoyed the cyber nations web play. Personally I would rather have played any of the games in the face to face class the Prof spoke about. I really just ....ok...I hated it. Sorry! But I am really happy to see that I may be (More...)
09-30-2012 16:09:04 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Midpoint evaluation Angela, Really, good point that I didn't think of. Studying why people make decisions was really insightful. I should have mentioned in my post that since we learned that different styles of decision making, I have actually recognized it in my workplace. We see alot of rational decision making, which (More...)
09-30-2012 15:31:14 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Midpoint evaluation What I take from the first five lessons are the real life parallels that I experience to Public Administration. Especially in regards to competing for resources. As for policy analysis, I think I underestimated the importance of unbiased construction in an analysis. Yet really, how often is an analysis unbiased? (More...)
09-30-2012 14:59:19 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 5 opening question Sherry, I loved your "Shut up you over there having the heart attack" comment. I made s miliar statement regarding french fries. I also agree that addiction to pretty much anything is not congruent with the "greater good" idea, nor is it helpful in achieving the Greatest Happiness Principle. I (More...)
09-30-2012 14:49:15 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 5 opening question Jessica, I see your point about using addiction to escape pain. Having an addict in my family and exposure to many aspects of his addiction and recovery, I can tell you that he initially turned to drugs to escape what he perceived was painful. (In reality, his life is no (More...)
09-30-2012 14:43:01 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Midpoint evaluation Jeffrey, First of all, congratulations on your new job! It sounds very exciting. How beneficial that you are learning things in class that directly correlate to what you are doing in real life. I am sure you are dealing with bounded rationality every day especially since you have started your (More...)
09-30-2012 14:38:47 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 5 opening question People generally believe themselves to be reasonable (even though some may not actually be). Mill forces the reader to consider their own pursuit of the Greatest Happiness Principle and determine whether the methods we use to achieve it are reasonable. We also have to take a look at our own (More...)
09-30-2012 14:36:16 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Midpoint evaluation Jennifer, Your response reminded my of many of the core values I learned in my undergrad when I studied Psychology and how closely it relates to what we are learning now. You are correct that everyone comes from a different background, which determines their future decisions. It is not only (More...)
09-30-2012 14:19:06 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Midpoint evaluation • What can you take away from the first five lessons what has value to you? The previous five lessons have provided us the framework for policy analysis, which we can take with us in our prospective careers. Learning that each policy analyst faces difficult challenges trying to satisfy the (More...)
09-30-2012 13:43:00 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Midpoint evaluation Hi Andrea, I couldn't agree with you more that this class has helped me to appreciate individuals views. People are influenced by so many different things and I have learned to incorporate that in my decision making. Kristine (More...)
09-30-2012 13:27:40 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Midpoint evaluation Hi Angela, I also studied political science as an undergrad. I have worked closely with several of these theories and models in the past, but I have been lucky enough to expand the knowledge that I already have. This past lesson on Mills was a new approach to utilitarianism for (More...)
09-30-2012 13:22:31 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Midpoint evaluation 1) I have found the first five lessons to provide great background on policy analysis. Beginning the semester diving into the different models of analysis really helped me understand how many different factors affect the analysis process. Reading and analyzing each model type gave me a better understanding of how (More...)
09-30-2012 13:11:19 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 5 opening question Hi Joseph, Great post. I agree that Mill would see addiction as a pursuit of happiness and ultimately achieving the greatest happiness principal. Kristine (More...)
09-30-2012 13:03:58 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 5 opening question Hi Jessica, I really enjoyed reading your post. I thought it was extremely insightful to reexamine how you view addiction. I too stepped back and broaden my thoughts and opinions on addiction. I agree that addiction would fall into the "greatest happiness principal." Kristine (More...)
09-30-2012 12:53:34 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Midpoint evaluation Hi Andrea, You said you got a degree in healthcare management. Did your professors discuss how the Affordable Care Act would effect your profession and future policy making? (More...)
09-30-2012 11:56:43 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Midpoint evaluation From the first five lessons a great deal of information was presented on the fundamental groundwork for public policy analysis. These discussions were very beneficial because they throughly explained how policy process and decision-making occur. We all make decisions on a daily basis, but being able to break down exactly (More...)
09-30-2012 11:24:24 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 5 opening question Rachel, I can appreciate your interpretation of Mills and I think you post makes some very interesting assumptions. However, I tend to lean towards disagreeing. I think Mills would note that addiction does involve selfish acts and that when participating in these acts we are taking away from contributing to (More...)
09-30-2012 11:19:45 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 5 opening question Kristine, I think you make a good point with the consideration of pain being associated with happiness. I agree with your assumption and feed addiction is both good and bad for people, but if the addiction bring them some form of happiness then they should have the right to be (More...)
09-30-2012 11:17:41 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 5 opening question Jessica, You point of an addict becoming clean and achieving the Greatest Happiness is an interesting on to consider. I think once a person is addicted Mill would agree with you and argue that coming clean and living an addict free life would be the Greatest Happiness for someone. Although (More...)
09-30-2012 00:22:52 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Midpoint evaluation What can you take away from the first five lessons what has value to you? Everything we discussed in the first five lessons has value to me because I have little formal background in policy analysis. The first five weeks have really provided me with a foundation from which to (More...)
09-29-2012 23:59:04 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 5 opening question Rachel, I agree with your assessment that addicts do not contribute to the overall good of society and do not fit into the Greatest Happiness principle. However, after reading through the comments, Sherry's reference to caffeine addiction made me think a little harder. I guess that in the cases where (More...)
09-29-2012 23:44:23 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 5 opening question Angela, I really enjoyed reading your post and found it very interesting that you used one of the same principles that I did to state the exact opposite. You make some excellent points regarding how the individual addict can fit in with Mills' theory, but what about the effect of (More...)
09-29-2012 23:34:01 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 5 opening question I think Mills would not look favorably upon addiction. The main point of the Greatest Happiness Principle is that “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intended pleasure, and the absence of pain; (More...)
09-29-2012 14:09:44 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Midpoint evaluation • What can you take away from the first five lessons? What has value to you? The first five lessons were a struggle because I was not familiar with the multiple types of policy analyses, and the material was completely new to me. The garbage can rationality model I found (More...)
09-29-2012 11:08:03 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 5 opening question Hi Rachel, I appreciate you post and that you bring up the quotes from Mill's article citing the evils of life and denial of liberty. You deftly pointed out that Mill has considered situations such as this that do not fit within the Utilitarianism box. I think that this lends (More...)
09-29-2012 10:47:30 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 5 opening question Hello Jennifer, I think its interesting that rather than beginning with the reasonable person as the basis for much of what Mill builds his theory of Utilitarianism, your writing places more of a focus on choices people make within a given environment of situations. It is true that people are (More...)
09-29-2012 10:29:24 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 5 opening question Angela, I would have to agree with you about addiction being a physical pleasure not an intellectual one. It is almost like the happiness that addicts achieve when they get their high is manufactured. It is not happiness in the truest sense of the word. Because of this people who (More...)
09-29-2012 09:52:59 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 5 opening question Sherry, Personally I do not think addition will promote the greater good. I feel that, of course, everyone prefers pleasure over pain, unless they are a masochist. However, there is a line where moderation is thrown out the window and it becomes addition. Addiction, some may consider an inevitable disease, (More...)
09-29-2012 06:08:07 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Midpoint evaluation Jennifer – I agree with you that much of what we’ve learned is not only applicable to the policy process, but also to all the small processes and decisions we make in our everyday lives. It’s definitely interesting to realize that the same elements that shape national laws and procedures, (More...)
09-29-2012 02:04:36 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 5 opening question Hi Sherry, I think your right to start your response with a discussion of what Mill means by reasonable person. His distinction of what a reasonable person ought to be is the basis for the argument. But I don't think Mill intended to pen humans in with solely the happiness (More...)
09-29-2012 01:32:19 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Midpoint evaluation The first 5 lessons of this class have established an excellent basis for thinking about how policy analysis is approached by the many actors involved. I really got a lot out of talking about different approaches to policy analysis. Thinking about rationality and the many ways that people interpret the (More...)
09-29-2012 00:57:54 ANDREA J FUENTES Midpoint evaluation 1)- What can you take away from the first five lessons? What has value to you? During the past weeks, I learned about the policy process, its steps and major theories and models. What I have learned during these few weeks and from the first few lessons we have read (More...)
09-29-2012 00:34:41 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 5 opening question Addiction to anything, whether they are substances or experiences, and the state of being that such things produce, usually begins with a choice or action. Many people believe that those who indulge to the point of addiction either do not know any better, or are merely disinterested in obtaining a (More...)
09-28-2012 12:51:57 Aaron Wachhaus Lesson 5 opening question I'd love to hear your thoughts on whether Mills would consider an addict to be rational - one could make the case that initially, they may have been, but that the need to feed the addiction gradually wears away and takes over the rational capacity. We debate this point when (More...)
09-28-2012 12:43:07 Aaron Wachhaus Lesson 5 opening question Yes - often, 'reasonable person' means 'someone like me' because what we do is obviously the best and correct thing... (More...)
09-28-2012 11:14:22 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Midpoint evaluation So far we have learned about the policy process, how it is made, and what the major theories are. We have analyzed the various models based on uncertainties, personal values, and theory. In economics we learn that individuals will make a decision based on their personal preference. This can be (More...)
09-28-2012 06:03:16 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Midpoint evaluation Hi Jessica, I agree with everything you say in your post. I too have not yet entered the public service field, so I see this class, and the entire MPA curriculum, as an opportunity to build a strong base of knowledge, on which to build the rest of my career. (More...)
09-27-2012 22:39:08 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Midpoint evaluation 1.) What can you take away from the first five lessons? What has value to you? I’ve taken away a lot from the first five lessons of this semester. As someone who hopes to spend my career in the public/nonprofit sector, having a thorough understanding of policy and decision-making processes (More...)
09-27-2012 22:02:28 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 5 opening question Mill’s idea of “utility,” or “The Greatest Happiness Principle,” states that the general population must be happy, or at least the absence of unhappy, to achieve the greatest overall good. When someone is indulging in their own selfish desires to make themselves happy, even if momentarily, they are not contributing (More...)
09-27-2012 21:35:52 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 5 opening question Mills cleverly uses the words “reasonable person” to influence readers’ opinions and to guide them towards the acceptance of the utilitarian vision of the pursuit of happiness, and what utilitarians consider standard of morality. In his opinion, man is not inclined to commit bad acts, instead, individuals are more predisposed (More...)
09-27-2012 21:35:20 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 5 opening question Mills cleverly uses the words “reasonable person” to influence readers’ opinions and to guide them towards the acceptance of the utilitarian vision of the pursuit of happiness, and what utilitarians consider standard of morality. In his opinion, man is not inclined to commit bad acts, instead, individuals are more predisposed (More...)
09-27-2012 12:07:31 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 5 opening question The discussion of happiness begins with a comic strip that defines happiness as intended pleasure, and the absence of pain. The same comic strip defines unhappiness as pain and the privation of pleasure. Mill stresses that pain an pleasure are at the heart of utilitarianism. The pursuit of happiness is (More...)
09-27-2012 11:28:39 JESSICA FAY JONES Midpoint evaluation I feel that I will carry with me the various theories we have learned about thus far, especially the ones that describe the experience of policy analysis as a complicated mix of various elements. As someone who has not yet entered the public service field, I hope to utilize these (More...)
09-26-2012 18:50:31 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 5 opening question Class- Please disregard the first post. I don't know why it got jumbled up. Addiction is defined as a chronic, relapsing brain disease that is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences. It is considered a brain disease because drugs change the brain - they change its (More...)
09-26-2012 18:48:43 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 5 opening question Joe- I think its interesting that you classify addiction as "intellectual happiness." Although individuals may seek out drugs to fill their voids, but in reality, it amplifies the voids and makes life not on drugs unbearably. What about Mill's "Greatest Happiness Principle" and how the the person on drugs will (More...)
09-26-2012 18:24:14 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 5 opening question happiness. How do you think Mill would respond to the problem of addiction? Addiction is defined as a chronic, relapsing brain disease that is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences. It is considered a brain disease because drugs change the brain - they change its structure (More...)
09-25-2012 21:27:51 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 5 opening question Margaret, I enjoyed reading your post. You had the initial first thought that I had. Someone who is an addict causes many people pain and does not better the whole. Additionally, you make a good point that Mill does not discount the fact that people are influenced by temptation, which (More...)
09-25-2012 21:24:46 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 5 opening question Hey Jessica, Enjoyed reading your assessment and especially your analysis on "reasonable person" , I think addicts do fit into the Greatest Happiness Principle. I have a problem with that. I wish I were less cynical and more philosophical in this way. But most addictions ruin lives. At the very (More...)
09-25-2012 21:24:15 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 5 opening question Angela, I found your post very interesting and appreciate your perspective. You comment about the idea that addicts are sacrificing intellectual pleasure for a different type of pleasure. While I do agree with this to an extent, one must consider that some brilliant musicians, for example, created some of the (More...)
09-25-2012 21:15:56 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 5 opening question While this question might seem basic at first glance, it is a bit more complicated. It’s difficult to say what Mill would think of the problem of addiction without knowing his definition of pleasure, pain and reasonable person. Since I can only take an educated guess as to how he (More...)
09-25-2012 17:44:56 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 5 opening question My initial reaction to this question would be to say that Mills would define the problem of addiction to not fulfill the Greatest Happiness Principle because addiction does not work for the betterment of everyone and causes pain to many people, whether they are the ones addicted themselves or acquaintances (More...)
09-25-2012 10:19:10 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 5 opening question I absolutely agree with your assessement. You made excellent point that "intellectual happiness does not embody strictly happiness". A person may be addicited to something, but that person is still better off than a pig that has no choice in regards to his/her own life. (More...)
09-25-2012 10:16:41 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 5 opening question I have a problem with this idea too, but I think that Mills is a proponent of utilitarianism despite addiction. Part of this theory is being able to make a choice as to what is best for you and Mills argues that that choice (made with your own knowledge) is (More...)
09-25-2012 10:11:56 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 5 opening question I believe that Mills understands that in living an average human life, you will be subject to the great times as well as the devastating times. Mills was a proponent of utilitarianism which is the belief that the best choice of action is the one that provides for the maximum (More...)
09-25-2012 07:46:48 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 5 opening question Joseph and Angela, Joseph, that was really interesting, calling addiction an intellectual pleasure. I do appreciate the rationale for that though my instinct would be to disagree, since there is a stigma attached to "addiction". I would further that by saying sometimes the pursuit of intellectual happiness is fostered by (More...)
09-24-2012 22:30:30 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 4 opening question Update... War is rough.. citizens are still in revolt- I can't pick a new government until 9/27. However, an alliance sent me soldiers and cash-- this is tempting. However, I did inquire the following about the alliance: So Invicta is the alliance? What are the requirements? What do I have (More...)
09-24-2012 20:38:21 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 5 opening question Joseph, I think it’s interesting that you characterize addiction as an intellectual pleasure. My instinct would be to characterize it as a physical pleasure, since in provides a physical pleasure sensation, but I certainly can appreciate your rationalization that addiction provides escape from intellectual unhappiness. I guess our different perspectives (More...)
09-24-2012 20:16:00 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 5 opening question Angela, although I see your reasoning for stating that drug addiction conflicts with Mill's intellectual pleasures, I have a slightly different take. You stated that addiction conflicts with "intellectual development;" however, it is intellectual pleasure that a person is seeking to either intellectually or emotionally lift themselves. Development, i feel, (More...)
09-24-2012 20:11:04 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 5 opening question Sherry, I loved your analysis, especially the merry-go-round parallel. I'm not comfortable with Mill's statement of a "reasonable person" although one would state his definition is one that pursues the greatest good. I believe this is left to such a grey area that any single person can rationalize what they (More...)
09-24-2012 20:07:41 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 5 opening question I truly believe Mill had much experience practicing politics and theory, as his theory on utilitarianism is left open to instances of subjective instances that negate the original intent. For example, a "reasonable person" is so vague and undefined that a person's subject analysis can easily discount a competent and (More...)
09-24-2012 19:16:56 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 4 opening question Update- my government has been overthrown and it is complete anarchy. I have also been declared war against by Dr. Zen :-( (More...)
09-24-2012 19:12:24 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 4 opening question Are you Dr Zen???? Are you attacking my nation?? (More...)
09-24-2012 18:18:25 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 5 opening question Sherry, I think you’re definitely right in noting that Mill’s model involves a lot of unrealistic assumptions and conflicting conclusions. On the one hand, as you say, the idea that humans pursue pleasure over pain basically defines addiction. But on the other hand, Mill says that selfishness leads to an (More...)
09-24-2012 18:00:24 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 5 opening question On the surface, it seems that drug and alcohol addiction does conflict with Mill’s “Greatest Happiness Principle,” since substance abusers are willing to forgo intellectual development and health considerations for physical pleasure. However, I believe Mill would argue that addiction still fits within his theory of utilitarianism. I think Mill (More...)
09-24-2012 17:43:39 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 5 opening question Ironically the greater good is what maximum utility aims to achieve: utilitarianism then cannot justify addiction, unless addiction (of any variety) serves the greater good. So for example, if we are all addicted to LARD and the production, sale and disbursement of LARD stimulates and maintains our economic environment as (More...)
09-24-2012 17:30:00 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 5 opening question I think Mill was careful to use the words "reasonable person" as this little disclaimer invites the reader to consider whether or not he/she is a "reasonable person" and thus it influences them to align themselves with this utilitarian view of the pursuit of happiness. The trouble is that we (More...)
09-24-2012 11:34:13 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 4 opening question Melissa K, Was it a hostile takeover? No probably not with kids and working . . . your husband has successfully conducted a friendly takover...Let us set up a place for him in the cyber United Nations. Zzzzzzzzzzzz..... ;lol (More...)
09-23-2012 23:30:53 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 4 opening question Rachel, That is a good thought about the republic vs. the democracy and event that I was presented. You are right about requiring military service but still wanting a free market. However, look at some nations in Western Europe, such as Germany, everyone after high school has to do several (More...)
09-23-2012 23:14:16 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 4 opening question Audree: Like you, I was trying to run a very "Live and let live" country but it is driving me insane. Peace treaty? yeah right...I was going the same way and now I feel like a caged tiger. I'm about to declare a dictatorship and do things my way....taxes more (More...)
09-23-2012 23:13:47 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 4 opening question Audree: Like you, I was trying to run a very "Live and let live" country but it is driving me insane. Peace treaty? yeah right...I was going the same way and now I feel like a caged tiger. I'm about to declare a dictatorship and do things my way....taxes more (More...)
09-23-2012 16:33:12 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 4 opening question I loved the neverending story as well. I will attempt to look you up when I get a chance. It sounds like your experience has been somewhat intriguing. What is your team color? I am looking to do trade...are you involved in any alliances? (More...)
09-23-2012 16:11:29 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 4 opening question Waiting for players to answer can be frustrating because some of the things I wanted to do with my nation I wanted to do immediately. My experience with CN was not satisfying. The alliances that were available were not very helpful. I found myself applying to alliances and being interrogated (More...)
09-23-2012 15:12:04 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 4 opening question I agree Sherry. I found the game to be time consuming. I don't have much of that to spare to begin with. Maybe if the game had features that allowed you to monitor your nation via cell phone app and so forth, it may have been better. Yet, I still (More...)
09-23-2012 12:47:40 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 4 opening question Thanks for your energetic reflection Melissa! I enjoy these types of games as well. I selected a Republic instead of a Democracy, so, I'm wondering if that's why I didn't get to choose between warring political parties? It was interesting to see that you required military service. You also seem (More...)
09-23-2012 12:43:37 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 4 opening question Audree, Thanks for your reflection and honesty in your post. While I'm surprised you were surprised that citizens wouldn't like the high tax rate (regardless of services they receive), I do think the game might be biased in it's formulaic design in this regard. Some nations that offer more of (More...)
09-23-2012 12:39:33 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 4 opening question I agree with many of my classmates that running a nation on Cyber Nations was surprisingly challenging. Possibly the biggest surprises, to me, came in the interactions between alliances and the issues that “arose” throughout the game. I was reminded of the trashcan model, wherein players have little control over (More...)
09-23-2012 12:33:46 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 4 opening question Melissa, I had to change my alliance. I didn't want to fill any documentation out at this time. Now they stopped sending me messages so I guess everything is okay. The game does suggest forming alliances, but I assume you would have to do some research to figure out which (More...)
09-23-2012 12:30:51 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 4 opening question Eric, I also tried to maintain a low tax rate at first to keep the citizens happy. However, as my surplus depleted and I needed to continue to buy land, infrastructure, and military to continue the success of my nation I had to raise it to a moderate percentage. My (More...)
09-23-2012 12:24:58 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 4 opening question Margaret, You can gain citizens by buying more infrastructure. That also helps because you have more people to tax, which will will give you more money so you can buy things like military stuff. I signed in today and had a comment at the top that said it was okay (More...)
09-23-2012 11:21:42 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 4 opening question Jeff, I like how you point out the difficulty and consequences of one single person being the ultimate decision maker. Although this seems obvious to me now, during the game I did not even realize this challenge. After reading everyones' posts and playing the game myself, I know understand how (More...)
09-23-2012 11:12:53 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 4 opening question Audree, I commend your efforts to run a fair country. That was very ambitious of you. I find it ironic that in your efforts to find peace for your country, it indirectly caused violence. However, I feel as though your situation proved the difficulty of government and policy. Although the (More...)
09-23-2012 09:58:53 Aaron Wachhaus Lesson 4 opening question I love your phrase about the tedious balance - it all too often sums up what we do. You have my sympathies on the frustration you got from the game. I do hope that they were constructive frustrations - we're playing for a purpose. I've never yet met a public (More...)
09-22-2012 23:10:52 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 4 opening question Are you still going to war? What documentation did you not fill out? (More...)
09-22-2012 23:07:10 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 4 opening question I tried to find your Republic, but could not. (More...)
09-22-2012 20:52:38 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 4 opening question Jarrett, I too got the memo of not appeasing the citizens at all times. Although my people stayed happy, it was difficult to strike that balance between what is best for the country and what the people want. I guess everyone needs to take those things into consideration when judging (More...)
09-22-2012 20:46:50 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 4 opening question Melissa, My main goals were very similar to yours but the rest of our goals differed. I did not MIND the game, but found it extremely frustrating and difficult to try and understand everything coming at you at once. I too had the same "event" presented to me and although (More...)
09-22-2012 19:15:17 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 4 opening question Jeff, I agree wholheartedly with your discussion on how it takes more than a single ruler to make all the nitnoid little decisions that will undoubtedly have a major impact (whether it's obvious or not). That was a major part of my frustration with the game. I knew I had (More...)
09-22-2012 19:00:04 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 4 opening question My nation of Zooland is now six days old and I have consistently achieved the goals I set forth with when I started. It was a very interesting way to look at how the policy-making models and decision-making models actually operate in the “real” world. I began my nation completely (More...)
09-22-2012 10:17:15 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 4 opening question Rachel, It seems like the game has been much more intricate and exciting than it is for me so far! One point you brought up that I totally agree with is that I wish the game went more into issues such as war, immigration, maybe even things like drilling for (More...)
09-22-2012 10:14:28 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 4 opening question Sherry, I thought your post was quite funny. I definitely understand your frustrations with the game, even while I found it to be kind of fun. It was definitely difficult to figure out how to better your country while still responding to the tons of requests. What if one wrong (More...)
09-21-2012 21:36:04 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 4 opening question I thought the cyber nations online game is a really interesting way to conceptualize all of the macro problems that can face a nation and, in turn, an administration that needs to assess public policy issues. Personally, I was a little confused as to how to establish and maintain alliances, (More...)
09-21-2012 11:09:25 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 4 opening question Sorry I meant to spell it Melissa! We have a girl in the office that spells in the other way! (More...)
09-21-2012 11:08:17 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 4 opening question Mellisa, I am glad you mentioned that not one particular model can be used in all decisions and policy making. I liked to have thought that I typically work in a particular manner when it comes to making decisions, however, when the many situations that formed in the game I (More...)
09-21-2012 10:18:00 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 4 opening question Although I am not a big “gamer”, I did enjoy the nature of this game. The game, I feel, served its purpose for this course. The Cyber Nations game showed first hand (in a fake world) the frustrations of decision-making, also the consequences of each decision made. The most difficult (More...)
09-21-2012 10:08:53 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 4 opening question Hi Melissa, I'm glad you're loving the game. At first I was rather confused and did not like it at all. I was very frustrated and wanted the game to just end. After playing the game since Sunday, I'm starting to grasp it and have fun with it. I like (More...)
09-21-2012 10:03:16 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 4 opening question Hi Jessica, I agree that only interacting with certain aspects of your nation once a day does not mimic real life. I found this to be rather frustrating at times. If I had a moment before to check on my nation I would go through and pay my bills and (More...)
09-21-2012 09:54:21 ERIC DUSTIN HICKSON Lesson 4 opening question I had an excellent experience with Cyber Nations. My country had a democracy, open borders, a free trade policy, a mixed population, and a medium to strong defense. I enjoyed the fact that you had to network with other countries on many different issues such as trade and war. It (More...)
09-21-2012 09:54:06 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 4 opening question I found Cybernations to be rather interesting. At first I was very confused by what was expected and what we needed to do. Once I figured everything out, I started to have some fun with the game. I found it difficult to find that balance between having enough money in (More...)
09-21-2012 08:28:53 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 4 opening question Rachel, I know your frustration with the alliances! I didn't join any, and after reading your post I AM SO GLAD. (More...)
09-20-2012 23:23:52 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 4 opening question I have to be honest- I like the game thou I don’t understand it completely but I will continue playing it until I get it. My county is Paradise Island, I will appreciate if any or some of my classmates look me up and guide me s little, at least (More...)
09-20-2012 22:38:30 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 4 opening question I work in Special Operations and Irregular Warfare. There are no good physics-based combat models for these specialties like there are for air power, ground campaigns, etc. so we spend a lot of time wargaming and simulating these things in my office. This helps us assess strategic choices and operational (More...)
09-20-2012 22:02:24 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 4 opening question Sherry, I'm so glad I'm not the only one who found this frustrating. My issue, as I'm sure you can attest, was the time it consumed. I found myself dredding having to log in and look at what my country had done today (I work all day, so I only (More...)
09-20-2012 20:48:17 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 4 opening question Sherry, I love your sarcastic humor and approach to this game. Governance/politics absolutely needs a sense of humor otherwise you will go crazy. I completely agree that the phishing was ridiculous and the webmaster should contain this. (More...)
09-20-2012 20:46:41 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 4 opening question Rachel, I think it is interesting that a nation wanted to go to war with you! I was waiting to see if something like that happened with my nation, but it did not. I am curious to know how war in cybernations plays out. I agree with you on not (More...)
09-20-2012 20:44:13 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 4 opening question Angela, I share in the enjoyment of this game. My country shares similar values but allows for military action; albeit as a response not a "war on terror" policy. I can absolutely see the troubles basing your country on agriculture and allowing immigration but this game shows a direct correlation (More...)
09-20-2012 20:38:47 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 4 opening question First, I would like to say that i enjoyed this game, however agree the phishing is completely ridiculous. the webmasters must contain that. The game theory and global governance aspects are great and the game for me has been a small hobby now. One request in the lesson asked to (More...)
09-20-2012 20:38:43 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 4 opening question I thought the Cyber Nations game was very interesting. It showed me that there is so much more to making, what you feel like is, a simple decision. There are many aspects that you need to take into consideration, such as your populations’ happiness and how you alliances will react. (More...)
09-20-2012 20:35:11 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 4 opening question As I started out in Cyber Nations as a small, peaceful country, I primarily and naively assumed that I could just tax and pay bills every day. This originally kept the population happy, which was originally small due to the inadequate infrastructure. I soon realized that I needed to increase (More...)
09-20-2012 19:45:30 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 4 opening question Jessica- It reminded me of Sims too! I am still playing- Fantasia is my nation's name. I think Sims could be applied to the social and psychology majors. Did you have any events yet in cyber nations? (More...)
09-20-2012 19:41:07 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 4 opening question Hi Classmates~ I will be honest- I love it, and I am still playing. My county is Fantasia. (named after the Never Ending Story) LOOK ME UP I think it is a great experience and it applies what we learn in new format. (Rather than papers and textbook) I like (More...)
09-20-2012 18:27:26 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 4 opening question Jessica, I agree with you that I was definitely risk-adverse in making decisions about my country. I also think I was too focused on the happiness metric. This may just be reflective of my personality, but I really wanted all of my citizens to be happy, so I found myself (More...)
09-20-2012 18:19:14 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 4 opening question Sherry, I absolutely see where you’re coming from. I don’t play video/computer games either so learning how to navigate the site and interact with players was totally new to me as well. But it definitely gave me a much deeper appreciation for all of the conflicting messages and choices that (More...)
09-20-2012 14:38:43 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 4 opening question Please excuse my spelling errors in my post. I'm glad to see others enjoying the game. Maybe it just was too reminiscent of my real life for me to be that interested in it. I keep logging on, and will continue to because my son seems to really like it. (More...)
09-20-2012 14:07:08 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 4 opening question OK, honestly . . . I couldn't stand it. I'd like to say it was a useful tool in understanding how to bargain for resources and juggle interests of my people with the defense of the nation. BUT, I was too frustrated at all the phishing alerts in EVERY email (More...)
09-20-2012 12:28:49 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 4 opening question On a personal level, having really never played video games, I enjoyed this game. Building my nation reminded me of when the video game “The Sims” was popular. I chose a small, peaceful Scandinavian nation focused on happiness, education and modest living. From a public policy standpoint, I had to (More...)
09-20-2012 06:11:49 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 4 opening question Running a nation on Cyber Nations was surprisingly challenging. I thought it would be rather straightforward, since I had, what I considered to be, rather modest expectations for my country. I wanted the country to be small and remain true to its agricultural roots. I wanted to maintain a high (More...)
09-16-2012 22:01:00 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 3 opening question Jarrett: Like you, I also observed similarities between the bounded rationality, the garbage can method and the economic rationality method. One of the similarities is how all of them put forward the notion that people normally make decisions based on their personal knowledge and their own perceptions. After reading this (More...)
09-16-2012 22:00:38 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 3 opening question Jarrett: Like you, I also observed similarities between the bounded rationality, the garbage can method and the economic rationality method. One of the similarities is how all of them put forward the notion that people normally make decisions based on their personal knowledge and their own perceptions. After reading this (More...)
09-16-2012 21:46:38 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 3 opening question Jessica: Your post and analysis were very good. I can tell you carefully examined the material and you did an excellent job rendering your ideas in your post. I like how you pointed out how all three models are alike in several ways and how each model acts on the (More...)
09-16-2012 21:46:17 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 3 opening question Jessica: Your post and analysis were very good. I can tell you carefully examined the material and you did an excellent job rendering your ideas in your post. I like how you pointed out how all three models are alike in several ways and how each model acts on the (More...)
09-16-2012 21:24:44 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 3 opening question sorry Melissa, that was supposed to say " fluidity" ...not flu with itt. I am using my voice to text and of course I forgot to edit that before I submitted . Tsk tsk. Thanks again for that post and comparing all four models (More...)
09-16-2012 21:24:14 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 3 opening question sorry Melissa, that was supposed to say " fluidity" ...not flu with itt. I am using my voice to text and of course I forgot to edit that before I submitted . Tsk tsk. Thanks again for that post and comparing all four models (More...)
09-16-2012 21:21:43 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 3 opening question Melissa, Wow..you went to work! it's interesting that you mentioned that the garbage can model closely identifies to the multiple streams model. That is the first thing I thought of when I read about that model myself good job on picking it up. although the garbage can model emphasizes chaos (More...)
09-16-2012 21:16:51 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 3 opening question Joseph, don't you feel though, that the garbage can model in all it chaos is actually closer to the reality that we use in decision making? no it certainly cannot establish economic rationality. but because both economic and bounded rationality are overly rational, the hum an chaotic element is removed (More...)
09-16-2012 21:16:21 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 3 opening question Joseph, don't you feel though, that the garbage can model in all it chaos is actually closer to the reality that we use in decision making? no it certainly cannot establish economic rationality. but because both economic and bounded rationality are overly rational, the hum an chaotic element is removed (More...)
09-16-2012 21:08:02 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 3 opening question I have to say I wasn't brave enough to attempt to comparer muddling with the garbage. It literally seemed like muddling through garbage. Which brings me to ask why a different name couldn't be used for the model? I understand the metaphor but it sort of had an impact on (More...)
09-16-2012 20:40:46 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 3 opening question Jarrett, thanks for using this as an opportunity to ask about (and suggest) the citizen's role and perspective in the model! I fear that many citizens aren't active enough in the policy process (certainly not as much as a policy-maker or policy analyst) to know where they fit within any (More...)
09-16-2012 20:35:50 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 3 opening question Melissa, way to go tackling all four models. I really appreciated your insight that all of the models place the onus of decision-making on the individual.From what I understand, however, economic rationality does assume a much greater amount of information being present to make a decision that would be optimal (More...)
09-16-2012 20:30:13 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 3 opening question Models Chosen: 1. “Garbage Can” Rationality- Decision makers have very little control. The decision-making environment is likened to a garbage can that is filled with both problems and solutions by participants. Solutions emerge as participants pull out material from the can and apply it to their problems 2. Muddling Through- (More...)
09-16-2012 20:00:44 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 3 opening question Megan, I like your perspective on how the environment influences the decisions of the individual. I looked at decision-making as though the individual influences the environment. It was good to get a varied perspective. I think you're right in that there are elements of the environment that cause people to (More...)
09-16-2012 20:00:24 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 3 opening question Megan, I like your perspective on how the environment influences the decisions of the individual. I looked at decision-making as though the individual influences the environment. It was good to get a varied perspective. I think you're right in that there are elements of the environment that cause people to (More...)
09-16-2012 19:53:38 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 3 opening question Joseph, I agree with your comment that the Garbage Can model is an exercise in chaos. I actually had a hard time reading through that material because I can't wrap my head around the idea that decision-making could occur amidst such an atmosphere. And yet, it happens. I don't agree (More...)
09-16-2012 19:53:08 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 3 opening question Joseph, I agree with your comment that the Garbage Can model is an exercise in chaos. I actually had a hard time reading through that material because I can't wrap my head around the idea that decision-making could occur amidst such an atmosphere. And yet, it happens. I don't agree (More...)
09-16-2012 19:47:40 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 3 opening question Nothing in the question this week indicated to me that I should limit my analysis to only three models, so this will cover all four. Each of the models - Bounded Rationality, Economic Rationality, the Garbage Can, and Muddling Through - places the onus of decision-maiking on the individual. Each (More...)
09-16-2012 19:47:13 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 3 opening question Nothing in the question this week indicated to me that I should limit my analysis to only three models, so this will cover all four. Each of the models - Bounded Rationality, Economic Rationality, the Garbage Can, and Muddling Through - places the onus of decision-maiking on the individual. Each (More...)
09-16-2012 19:31:17 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 3 opening question Jennifer- Great job on the break down of the theories. The ability to identify the problem will help individuals decide on which theory to utilize. (More...)
09-16-2012 19:12:54 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 3 opening question Angela, I found your posting to be very clear and user-friendly. I compared the same three models, but did not even consider the liner and nonlinear processes. I found this very interesting and it actually allowed me to gain a better understanding of the models. Great post! (More...)
09-16-2012 19:05:41 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 3 opening question Jeffrey, I finally got to read through the postings and found yours most interesting as well. You helped me with understanding Muddling Through as I literally muddled through the reading and remained a little unclear on how it factored in. Thanks for your detailed description! In terms of your question (More...)
09-16-2012 19:04:15 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 3 opening question Question for anyone: I might be getting my theories confused, but is the muddling through theory similar to the incrementalist approach? (the small steps that are taken would be the common trait) (More...)
09-16-2012 17:25:43 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 3 opening question Sherry, I thought your post was well conveyed and thought out. I especially like the observation you made by differentiating that economic rationality and bounded rationality focus primarily on maximizing their utility whereas muddling through focuses on a shared interest. That observation was something I did not originally pick up (More...)
09-16-2012 17:16:27 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 3 opening question Megan, I am glad that you brought up the fact that initially looking at that models it seems they don't have anything in common. Both this week and last week it has taken me a little bit to fully figure out the commonalities between the models of policy and decision-making. (More...)
09-16-2012 17:02:28 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 3 opening question Audree, Yeah I may have misunderstood it, but I thought that economic rationality was a model that assumed each person had an abundance of knowledge to make a decision. I thought the critique that Simon used was that economic rationality is not a great decision-making model for the simple fact (More...)
09-16-2012 16:58:07 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 3 opening question I agree with your take that the participants in the garbage can model have no control. It appeared that when decisions are set to be made, it was based as whatever arised to the top. I have to agree because my experience in government organizations was similar. When policies presented (More...)
09-16-2012 16:45:24 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 3 opening question Jarret, excellent synopsis. I got a slightly different take on the garbage can model in that it appeared to be more geared to organizations. I didn't feel that it saw people as individuals but collectively. It also seemed to me that the garbage model held a lot of parameters since (More...)
09-16-2012 16:36:48 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 3 opening question I chose to look at Economic and Bounded rationality and Garbage Can models. Economic model of rationality views humans as those who have goals and values that may be personal motivators such as power and wealth. Or there may be those who are altruistic in nature and must pay a (More...)
09-16-2012 14:13:44 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 3 opening question Sherry, Great post. I really enjoyed reading it. I felt that it thoroughly explained the three models that you chose. I thought the way you broke down each model, especially muddling through, helped me to further understand the models. Great job. I feel like I better understand these models after (More...)
09-16-2012 14:01:27 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 3 opening question Hi Joseph, I also chose economic rationality, bounded rationality, and the garbage can model. I think you did a great job on showing how three models are similar and different. I thought it was a great observation to point out that in the Garbage Can model, solutions emerge based on (More...)
09-16-2012 13:01:03 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 3 opening question Hey Jarrett, I'm glad you appreciate my posts. I always think I write too much and no one wants to read them haha. Thanks for commenting. You bring up a great question about which decision-making theory might be more beneficial for public policy analysis. I think that bounded rationality should (More...)
09-16-2012 12:19:11 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 3 opening question The models that I picked this week are bounded rationality, economic rationality, and the “garbage can.” Bounded rationality is based on an individual making a decision based upon limited resources and information. The environment is able be divided into separate problems. Problems often arise that are able to separated and (More...)
09-16-2012 10:29:38 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 3 opening question Jeffrey, I enjoyed your post. While we all know that the models are similar because they involve decision making, the differences you mentioned were more subtle. I enjoyed your mention of values as a way each model differs. Additionally, as you mentioned, experiences play a part on how policy analysts (More...)
09-16-2012 10:25:11 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 3 opening question Melissa, Good analysis. I especially found it interesting that you mentioned the models differ by the amount of "chaos" each one involves. This contrast is a very interesting way to think about the models and it gave me something new to consider that I had not thought of. (More...)
09-15-2012 19:16:45 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 3 opening question Andrea, You have a great analysis of this week's lesson. I think you have pointed out that the "muddling through" approach provides an incomplete process for solving problems. We must heavily rely on accuracy of the analysis from those who use this model, because it seems as though there is (More...)
09-15-2012 18:50:37 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 3 opening question Angela, You bring up an interesting point that I was also wondering with the "garbage can" model. It seems as though this approach is the most useless when trying to solve problems. It is kind of strange to think that a decision maker is not in control of the result. (More...)
09-15-2012 11:53:25 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 3 opening question I chose to compare economic rationality with bounded rationality, just because it seemed the rational thing to do. To throw a wrench in the scientific grind, I decided to compare the muddling through model to the more scientific based models. Economic rationality proposes individuals are trying to achieve maximum utility. (More...)
09-14-2012 19:57:31 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 3 opening question The three decision-making models I chose to discuss for this week are the “Garbage Can” model, the model of “bounded rationality” and the “muddling through” approach. They all provide a passive explanation to the decision-making process where it seems as though policy decisions evolve from previously made decisions. Decisions are (More...)
09-14-2012 15:48:27 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 3 opening question Jeff, Excellent analysis as always. You are very thorough in your descriptions of each theory that you present in your post. I agree with everything in post, so I would like to raise a question regarding choice theories. Which theory, economic rationality or bounded rationality, do you find to be (More...)
09-14-2012 15:34:45 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 3 opening question Andrea, Your post was very thoughtful and insightful. I can tell you carefully examined the material and you did an excellent job portraying your ideas in your post. I like how you pointed out in the Garbage Can theory that often times organizations tend to generate answers to problems that (More...)
09-14-2012 12:17:04 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 3 opening question Hello Joseph, From your post I can tell that you have an excellent grasp on all of the theories that you chose to compare and contrast. Your descriptions of the decision-making theories bring out the foundational aspects of each approach to how people think and interact when forming policy. Would (More...)
09-14-2012 11:29:31 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 3 opening question Hello Megan, I identified right away with your post because each of us chose to discuss the aspects of choice and environment. I think its interesting that you view both choice and environment to be commonalities as well as differences. I would certainly agree that the aspect of choice is (More...)
09-13-2012 23:45:51 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 3 opening question The three models I chose to compare are the economic rationality model, the bounded rationality model, and the garbage can model. Although when looking at these three models it appears they have little in common, they all share the commonality of choice. They all propose that the individual makes a (More...)
09-13-2012 22:41:23 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 3 opening question The Garbage Can model: This model explains organizational decision making from a disorganized and complex standpoint. This model, separates the problems from the results as well as from the people making the decisions and conclusions are not reached in any order, they are simply the consequences of different unrelated occurrences (More...)
09-13-2012 22:40:59 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 3 opening question The Garbage Can model: This model explains organizational decision making from a disorganized and complex standpoint. This model, separates the problems from the results as well as from the people making the decisions and conclusions are not reached in any order, they are simply the consequences of different unrelated occurrences (More...)
09-13-2012 18:16:32 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 3 opening question The discussion topic for this week asks us to compare and contrast the models of decision-making that can be utilized and explored by policy actors. The readings for this week give us several theories for how humans and, in our case, policy analysts could approach decisions. I chose to look (More...)
09-13-2012 11:35:26 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 3 opening question The decision-making models are all composed of elements that reflect one another and also elements that contrast to each other; however, they all define specific ways that individuals make decisions. The three models that I chose to compare for this lesson are Economic Rationality, Bounded Rationality, and the Garbage (More...)
09-12-2012 22:03:57 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 3 opening question Jarrett, I too noted that a similarity between the economic rationality, bounded rationality, and garbage can models was that they all suggested individuals make decisions based on their unique knowledge and perception of reality. In fact, I would say this same concept applies to all of the decision-making processes we (More...)
09-12-2012 22:03:06 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 3 opening question Jessica, Great analysis. As you note in your post, I think the garbage can model is especially unique in that it suggests solutions are not created to address specific problems, rather existing solutions are simply paired with existing problems. I’d like to think this is not how I make decisions, (More...)
09-12-2012 21:50:01 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 3 opening question I chose to compare the economic rationality, bounded rationality, and garbage can models. Although each model has very unique characteristics, they do share some basic similarities. Each of the three models acknowledges that decisions result from the interactions of four variables: the participants, the problem, the solution, and the choice. (More...)
09-12-2012 10:04:32 Aaron Wachhaus Lesson 3 opening question Please be careful not to conflate models of policy process and of decision making. There is some overlap (all models of the policy process rely on some version of rational behavior). Models of the policy process seek to describe a large system of many actors directed towards some goal. Models (More...)
09-12-2012 09:44:50 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 3 opening question For this lesson, I chose to examine the three theories of Economic Rationality, Bounded Rationality, and the Garbage Can Theory. These theories share various similarities and differences in their policy purpose and are very complex in their own right. Economic Rationality assumes that each individual bases decisions within the most (More...)
09-11-2012 23:37:06 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 3 opening question The following decision-making models have the commonality that all models are based on assumptions of rationality, the impact of context on rationality, and the consequences that result from the rational pursuits undertaken by groups or individuals (Theodoulou & Kofinis, 2004). The garbage can model is an example of rational choice (More...)
09-11-2012 13:37:03 ERIC DUSTIN HICKSON Lesson 2 opening question The theory of policy process models I have selected to evaluate for the lesson 2 blog are the Stages Model, Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF) Model, and the Multiple Streams Model. These models are both incredibly similar and extremely different. One of the first things I noticed is how these three (More...)
09-10-2012 22:31:27 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 3 opening question I admire your concentration on somewhat similar models, as Bounded rationality, muddling through, and the “garbage can” model truly distinguishes slight intricacies of policy analysis. Both Bounded RAtionality and Mudding through limit the optimal answer and even discount the ability of the actor and therefore can not truly reach the (More...)
09-10-2012 22:19:48 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 3 opening question I concur with your model examples and admire your addition of the Multiple Streams model into this exercise. The ability to analyze the Policy stream, Problem stream, and Political stream and compare them to the Rational Choice and stage model reveals major differences in the models framework. It is (More...)
09-10-2012 22:08:19 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 3 opening question I chose to compare Economic Rationality, Bounded Rationality and the Garbage Can models. Economic Rationality seeks to maximize one's optimal state. The environment is fully able to be realized and the actor is stated to be fully informed with their ability to know what will make them happy. Therefore, this (More...)
09-09-2012 22:53:22 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 2 opening question Thanks for your comments and reflection on the diverse viewpoints you witness in New York Audree! I also liked the rational choice model, and from a psychological perspective it would seem to make sense. However, I also find that individuals often make decisions based upon what they value, and those (More...)
09-09-2012 22:48:40 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 2 opening question Thank you for this thoughtful summary Angela! You noted that the stages approach addresses the entire policy process, from problem identification to policy termination or change.This is probably why, although it seems more broad, it is used by other models that seem to take things deeper. I also think you (More...)
09-09-2012 22:42:42 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 2 opening question There are many thoughtful models that have been developed to explain the public policy process. The stages model divides the policy process along a series of fluid stages so one can better dissect the dynamics, actors, and institutions that impact a specific stage or the process as a whole. Actors (More...)
09-09-2012 22:11:48 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 2 opening question The three models I chose to compare are: Stages Heuristic, Multiple Streams, and Advocacy Coalition Framework. Stages is a process is the most used model. It appears to be focused on identifying problems and proceeding to creating the policy. Unique to it is the evaluation stage. This allows for there (More...)
09-09-2012 22:11:25 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 2 opening question The three models I chose to compare are: Stages Heuristic, Multiple Streams, and Advocacy Coalition Framework. Stages is a process is the most used model. It appears to be focused on identifying problems and proceeding to creating the policy. Unique to it is the evaluation stage. This allows for there (More...)
09-09-2012 21:00:31 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 2 opening question If we think about it policy formation can only occur in a dynamic context. Something significant has to call for it. So wouldn't it sort of figure that this may be a shared trait for the models? For me it was the easiest similarity to pick out. Likewise how fluid (More...)
09-09-2012 20:54:21 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 2 opening question Jessica, I really did not fully grasp the difference between rational choice and ACF and their views on individuals acting in self interest (or not). Admittedly I had a hard time picking that out of the readings to compare. Thank you for your assessment on that. (More...)
09-09-2012 20:49:43 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 2 opening question Jessica, I like that you addressed the dymanic nature of policy making. I too think that policy is constantly moving, and quickly. Even whe things on the surface appear to be stagnant, there are always forces behind the scenes at play. I see this every day in my work partnership (More...)
09-09-2012 20:45:13 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 2 opening question Angela, I think there is so much merit in your comparisons of the three models you chose. I like that you blended the idea that people can not be trusted to make rational decisions all the time and that our political system is an inefficient one. It seems these two (More...)
09-09-2012 20:20:27 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 2 opening question Jarrett: I agree with you. It seems like all the models we analyzed this week make the process of analyzing policies too simple. I agree with Angela’s statement on how important it is, as our readings recommend, for us to take note of these flaws or deficiencies each of the (More...)
09-09-2012 19:55:31 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 2 opening question Angela, I agree that three models you choose, as well as the other models will continue to evolve. As new problems arise, the politics and participants will have to 'evolve' with the policy process to solve it. (More...)
09-09-2012 17:24:16 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 2 opening question Jennifer- I liked the format of how you laid out the similarities and differences; it is very clear, short and to the point. (More...)
09-09-2012 13:14:42 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 2 opening question Jeffrey, From the three models you have chosen I think the multiple streams model provides the most proactive approach to policy making. As you said in your reply to my post this model does incorporate much more interaction with the various actors to reach their goals. One thing that is (More...)
09-09-2012 12:57:56 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 2 opening question Megan, I think you have provided a very concise review of the three models. I do agree with you that the stages approach does not leave much for any rational thought processing. This almost assumes that the policy process is predictable and will always result in the same manner, which (More...)
09-09-2012 11:46:27 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 2 opening question The ultimate role of theory is to help us better understand the complexity of social, economic, and political phenomena, to clarify the complexity of how phenomena may develop and offer a basis with which to evaluate these explanations through empirical validation. Applying different theories to the same phenomena in question (More...)
09-09-2012 11:38:28 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 2 opening question Hello Joseph, It's interesting that you describe incrementalism as a step by step approach that is less aggressive and operates under an assumption of a reduction of goals. The readings indicate that incrementalism is indeed an approach that utilizes smaller steps and agreements by actors that constitute small, incremental agreements (More...)
09-09-2012 11:29:27 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 2 opening question Hello Rachel, I think you hit on something really important in your post when writing about how of the various models of policy process, the choice to utilize one over the other is essentially based on the policy actor's preferences. I think this is a shrewd observation and one that (More...)
09-09-2012 11:18:37 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 2 opening question Hello Jennifer, I appreciate your ability to analyze these multiple public policy processes and theories in a succinct and direct way. I'm sure if you read my analysis, you would see that I tend to get carried away by words haha. In any case, I agree with your analysis in (More...)
09-09-2012 10:52:54 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 2 opening question Andrea I liked how you went in depth about the Rational Choice Model possibly causing major disruptions in policy due to uninformed audiences on the "best" policy decision, rather than the most "beneficial" policy decision. I feel that it is the analysts job to make the public and those not (More...)
09-09-2012 10:45:54 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 2 opening question Jarrett, I like how you pull together the fact that each of the models you compared has an explanation for why a decision is being made. You are right in the fact that in order to have a policy succeed to its best ability it is critical to be able (More...)
09-09-2012 09:39:19 Aaron Wachhaus Lesson 2 opening question Absolutely. Please also keep in mind that we're skimming each of these models - they all have a number of variations, intended to reflect different aspects of reality. The critical thing for us is to understand how much these theoretical lenses and models affect how each of us sees the (More...)
09-09-2012 09:18:49 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 2 opening question Hi Rachel, I thought your analysis of the three models that you chose is very interesting. I thought it was very helpful how you broke down each model by showing their pros and cons. It seems that ACF is the most comprehensive model type to date and provides the best (More...)
09-09-2012 09:06:15 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 2 opening question Hi Melissa, I enjoyed reading your analysis. It was interesting to read the analysis of these three models because I chose three different models. It is interesting to see how all of the models have similarities and differences. I think the Stages model is very useful for policy analysis because (More...)
09-08-2012 22:56:20 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 2 opening question The three models of the policy process I chose to analyze are the Rational Choice Approach, the Stage-Heuristic Approach and the incremental theory. The Rational Choice Approach is based on the supposition of human’s rational behavior, the force behind rationality, and the reward or punishment a person can receive by (More...)
09-08-2012 22:41:38 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 2 opening question Sherry, I also analyzed the Multiple Streams approach and found it difficult to find merit in a model that does not have a clear definition for how or why a "policy window" is created when the policy window is the crux of the entire model. I liked your description of (More...)
09-08-2012 22:33:25 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 2 opening question Jarrett, I enjoyed reading your analysis and think you did a great job at distinguishing the differences between the three approaches you examined. Because of the simplicity of the three models, your concise summary of your findings helps clearly outline the differences: "Sages Approach breaks the policy process down into (More...)
09-08-2012 22:24:58 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 2 opening question The Stages-Heuristic model, the Multiple Streams theory, and the Punctuated Equilibrium theory all present differing perpectives on the policy process but have some commonalities. Each approach considers process, individuals, and critical steps in various ways. In a completely rational system, the Stages model offers perhaps the best explanation and understanding (More...)
09-08-2012 22:04:40 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 2 opening question Without further technological ado, The Stages-Heuristic Approach to the policy process is simplistic and assumes the policy process is relatively stable, ordered, and open. The stages approach simplifies complex situations in the policy process and allows users to better dissect specific portions of the policy process. Problem identification is important (More...)
09-08-2012 21:08:25 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 2 opening question Jarrett, Your comparison of the stage-heuristic and industry-standard was an accurate description. From the readings, I learned that the stages-heuristic is a theoretical approach that can be applied to the other policy process approaches to help better comprehend the processes. (More...)
09-08-2012 20:22:31 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 2 opening question This week’s lesson examined the policy process. As we have read this week there are several different models within the policy process. The models that we were introduced to are Stages, Rational Choice, Incrementalism, Punctuated Equilibrium, Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF), and Multiple Streams model. The three models that I (More...)
09-08-2012 12:35:07 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 2 opening question Sherry, I enjoyed your analysis of the steps model. You are correct in saying the model doesn't really describe what a public problem is. The model is overly simplistic, although can be a good jumping off point if you are completely unsure of where to even begin. Nice work. (More...)
09-08-2012 12:33:24 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 2 opening question Jarrett, I'm glad you chose to analyze the Rational Choice theory. I find it especially interesting since there are theories within the theory. You prove a good point when you mention that the theory shows what the consequences of human behavior really are. Nice work. (More...)
09-08-2012 12:32:22 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 2 opening question Jarrett, I'm glad you chose to analyze the Rational Choice theory. I find it especially interesting since there are theories within the theory. You prove a good point when you mention that the theory shows what the consequences of human behavior really are. Nice work. (More...)
09-08-2012 12:29:59 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 3 opening question I chose to compare and contrast bounded rationality, muddling through, and the “garbage can” model. Bounded rationality is characterized by the belief that people make rational choices based on limited information and resources. Muddling through is classified by the idea that people make partial decisions to reach a bigger decision, (More...)
09-08-2012 12:19:07 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 2 opening question Steps Model approaches policy making in stages where each has a distinct presence. There is not much emphasis placed on what defines a public problem. The value in the model is that is deconstructs a very complex process so that it can be explained. The trouble with the model is (More...)
09-07-2012 12:50:38 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 2 opening question Models chosen: 1. Rational Choice Model: determines what a public problem is; people are economically rational individuals; people look for the single best solution to their problems. 2. Stages Model: Traditional way of determining policy; assumes policy process is stable ordered, and open; all other models are responses to this (More...)
09-07-2012 12:49:51 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 3 opening question Models chosen: 1. Rational Choice Model: determines what a public problem is; people are economically rational individuals; people look for the single best solution to their problems. 2. Stages Model: Traditional way of determining policy; assumes policy process is stable ordered, and open; all other models are responses to this (More...)
09-07-2012 11:41:48 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 2 opening question The three models of the policy process that I chose to analyze are the stages-heuristic model (policy cycle), incrementalism, and multiple streams. I decided to look into these three theories of how public policy as approached because I think there are several interesting similarities between the three which can be (More...)
09-07-2012 11:20:21 JENNIFER LYNN BALSIGER Lesson 1 opening question I see the primary goal of public policy analysis as trying to create sensible solutions to problems that affect each citizen. The specific problems do not usually deal with the economy, but instead deal with more subjective issues, like ethics. With that being said, public policy analysis is still based (More...)
09-06-2012 22:15:23 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 2 opening question Angela, I enjoyed your analysis and always enjoy, weird as it sounds, the model of game theory. The stages and extent of which decisions are made, contingent upon what information is made available to the actor is of key importance. Unfortunately with news outlets providing summaries rather than unfiltered facts, (More...)
09-06-2012 22:10:48 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 2 opening question Rachel, Your captured the essence of these models by describing not only the precise stages in which policies are developed through these models but also how actor's make choices and to what extent during this process. (More...)
09-06-2012 22:07:30 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 2 opening question The three models I chose to analyze are the Rational Choice Approach, Stages-Heuristic Approach and Incrementalism. The Rational Choice Approach is based on the assumption of rationality and the pursuit of policy development strictly by rational choices. The Stages-Heuristic Approach focuses on policy as a step-by-step simplistic process.The Incrementalism brings (More...)
09-06-2012 22:04:24 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 2 opening question There are various models in developing policy and the use virtually depends on the policy maker’s preference. Most of the models differ but are favored based on their specific strengths. The most basic model, the stages-heuristic approach, is important to discuss because it serves as the foundation for other models. (More...)
09-06-2012 21:10:12 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 1 opening question Andrea, I appreciate and agree with your analysis, especially that of the salmon fishery reading. Your statement regarding parties who choose the "lucrative solution" rather than choosing what is best for the general public is shameful, albeit an all to often occurrence. (More...)
09-06-2012 21:05:58 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 1 opening question I completely agree that strictly hiring partisan policy analysts prevent full disclosure and the chance to truly produce optimal policy development. Its almost shameful to place partisanship over the health of society. Independent parties lack the funds to deliver a policy message on a grand scale (More...)
09-06-2012 21:01:57 JOSEPH ANTHONY KOSTECKI Lesson 1 opening question What do you see as the primary goal of policy analysis? The Primary goal of policy analysts is contingent on the objective at hand. It is based on whether they will be contributing analysis based on partisan views or nonobjective stances for the policy field itself. The later, albeit a (More...)
09-06-2012 20:50:34 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 2 opening question Jarrett, I think you make a great point in noting the simplicity of the models you analyzed. Obviously a model is, by its very essence, a simplified version of reality, but each of the models we’ve learned about this week do overly simplify (or completely overlook) certain aspects of the (More...)
09-06-2012 20:49:39 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 2 opening question Jessica, In my analysis, I also looked at how the three models (in my case: stages, incremental, and punctuated equilibrium) discussed the role of the individual. As you said, stages does not directly address the role of the individual in the policy process. Incremental and punctuated equilibrium do, but not (More...)
09-06-2012 20:43:08 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 2 opening question There are multiple models that help us define the policy process and how decisions are made to adopt policy. In this lesson I have chosen to compare the Stages-Heuristic Approach, Incrementalism, and Punctuated Equilibrium. Each of these models have their own unique ways of defining the policy process and the (More...)
09-06-2012 06:45:16 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 2 opening question For this analysis, I chose to compare the Stages-Heuristic Approach, the Incremental Approach, and the Punctuated Equilibrium Approach. These three models do possess some basic similarities. All three of the models look at the policy process as a series of steps. For the stages approach, the policy process is seen (More...)
09-05-2012 22:52:29 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 2 opening question There are a variety of theories associated with the policy process, all with their own distinct characteristics and complexity. For this lesson I have chosen to analyze the Stage-Heuristic Approach, the sub-theories of Rational Choice and the Incremental Theory. The Stage-Heuristic Approach allows for us to identify with the policy (More...)
09-04-2012 19:35:32 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 2 opening question The three models I chose to analyze are the Rational Choice Approach, Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF), and Stages-Heuristic Approach. The Rational Choice Approach is based on the assumption of rationality, the impact of context on rationality, and consequences that results from pursuing rational choices. The ACF “Defines policy process as (More...)
09-04-2012 10:58:53 Aaron Wachhaus Lesson 1 opening question I've taken the liberty of compiling a short list of your primary goals and obstacles for policy analysts. I fully expect that most of you will deal with most of these obstacles during the course of your projects this semester. You'll also need to be aware of primary goals, as (More...)
09-02-2012 23:28:33 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 1 opening question I agree that analysts should be as objective and unbiased as possible. Given the fact that there are some parties who hire those of like minds, it muddens up the field of policy analysis. I say this because it is much like the news which was once an objective field (More...)
09-02-2012 23:25:03 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 1 opening question Sherry, I like ho you highlighted the goal of policy analysis as a means to efficiency to an organization. Much like every other field, policy analysis can be conducted just to be conducted and sometimes without a clear picture of why. Efficiency and positive improvement should be part of all (More...)
09-02-2012 23:20:07 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 1 opening question (Accidentally hit submit)...It would appear that gaining the floor for your employer would be center stage. (More...)
09-02-2012 23:16:23 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 1 opening question Melissa, I really enjoyed reading your responses this week. Your mention of conflicting studies and redundancy resulting from overlapping policies is spot on. The department of Homeland Security was set up to protect the United States when the DOD and FBI/other federal agencies were already doing so on two different (More...)
09-02-2012 23:16:00 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 1 opening question Nathan, I agree with your comment that the analyst must be consistent with underlying goals of the employer. This would definitely be the case for analysts who are not highly sought after to complete work. It is a fine balance an analyst has to dance upon to keep the employer (More...)
09-02-2012 23:11:47 MEGAN LYNN GUILFORD Lesson 1 opening question What do you see as the primary goal of policy analysis? The concept of policy analysis seems best defined by Weimer and Vining (2011) as, “client-oriented advice relevant to public decisions and informed by social values.” The primary goal of this activity is to provide the client with the best (More...)
09-02-2012 22:18:41 NATHAN HUYETT Lesson 1 opening question What do you see as the primary goal of policy analysis? The primary goal of policy analysis is to provide an evaluation of possible solutions to various public issues, and determine the solution that provides the greatest yield for the client. Such analysis typically involves a combination of mathematical evaluation (More...)
09-02-2012 21:40:09 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 1 opening question Ryan, I think you were definitely on point when you noted that the different contexts in which policy analysts operate forces different types of policy analysis. I have personal experience with this type of reality, since my office is a central university office that provides services to all of the (More...)
09-02-2012 21:37:07 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 1 opening question I agree with you, the greatest challenge policy analysis faces is competition with the status quo and the lack of communication between parties. I will add the lack of motivation from the clients. Some people will find difficult to follow the advice of any analyst who does not share their (More...)
09-02-2012 21:34:27 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 1 opening question Jarrett, I absolutely agree with you that one of the biggest obstacles facing policy analysts is the battle against the status quo. As the saying goes, “objects at rest tend to stay at rest,” and it is often exceedingly difficult to convince people and organizations to try something new, learn (More...)
09-02-2012 21:30:42 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 1 opening question Audree: I agree with your assessment that public analysis is a very in-depth study of a subject, which describes every aspect and solution to a problem. It also gives advise which sometimes is ignored by the client. If the analysis does not fit the client’s expectations then the it must (More...)
09-02-2012 21:28:29 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 1 opening question I agree with your assessment that public analysis is a very in-depth study of a subject, which describes every aspect and solution to a problem. It also gives advise which sometimes is ignored by the client. If the analysis does not fit the client’s expectations then the it must likely (More...)
09-02-2012 18:26:24 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 1 opening question Hi Ryan, Your comment on the specific fields in which policy analysts can work made me think of how diverse the field really is. It must make the position very interesting for the individual since things are always changing. I would assume the job would never get boring. However, it (More...)
09-02-2012 18:19:15 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 1 opening question Melissa, I would assume the private sector has similar resources that the public sector does. They may possibly even have the same especially if they are contracted out. I, too, assumed as a policy analyst, one would research, analyze and advise on certain interests. It makes sense to split it (More...)
09-02-2012 15:09:53 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 1 opening question Margaret - I think you brought up a very important obstacle that policy analysts face. Time constraints can be a huge barrier to success. Issues that are important to the President, politicians, and the general population can be fleeting. It is important for policy analysts to quickly deliver their message (More...)
09-02-2012 15:05:42 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 1 opening question Rachel - I agree that it is critical for policy analysts to know and build a relationship with their audience. Knowing the audience and under what context individuals within the audience operate helps better deliver policy analysts' message. One of the readings mentioned that lawmakers and politicians often have so (More...)
09-02-2012 15:04:29 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 1 opening question Rachel - I agree that it is critical for policy analysts to know and build a relationship with their audience. Knowing the audience and under what context individuals within the audience operate helps better deliver policy analysts' message. One of the readings mentioned that lawmakers and politicians often have so (More...)
09-02-2012 14:00:21 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 1 opening question Hi Jarrett, You brought up some very interesting points that I did not consider. I never considered the biases that may exist for policy analysts. You make a very valid point that analysts brought on by a certain administration most likely share the administration's goals and ideals. Political affiliation can (More...)
09-02-2012 13:46:18 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 1 opening question Jessica, I thought you bought up a great point in regards to finding an "appreciative audience." Knowing that policy analysts have to interact with a diverse audience can make their job that much more challenging. I agree that finding relevant information can be difficult. Providing relevant recommendations is essential because (More...)
09-02-2012 13:35:07 KRISTINE ELIZABETH KELLY Lesson 1 opening question After reading the four selections assigned this week, I would say that the primary goal of policy analysis is to make sure that the correct decisions and actions are being taken in regards to any given situation. This is done through analyzing data and observing what will wield the (More...)
09-02-2012 11:07:10 RYAN MICHAEL ELLER Lesson 1 opening question What do you see as the primary goal of policy analysis? Wolf (1982) describes policy analysis as the application of scientific methods to problems of public policy, choice, and implementation in domestic, international, and national security affairs. The goal for a policy analyst, is bringing the products of their discipline (More...)
09-02-2012 10:52:18 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 1 opening question Hello Sherry, Hello Sherry, I think its very interesting that you describe the goal of policy analysis as the means to efficiency within one's own organization. I think this brings up an inherent paradox within the practice of public policy. The concept of efficiency has some unintended consequences. I think (More...)
09-02-2012 10:33:42 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 1 opening question Hello Andrea, I thought you brought up a great point about the potential for policy analysts themselves to be biased towards the outcome of a given policy analysis, given the situation and the goals of said policy. The first thing that comes to mind is a policy analyst who is (More...)
09-01-2012 23:57:41 MELISSA CAI KIRKNER Lesson 1 opening question In line with the ideas expressed by Weimer and Vining on page 23, the purpose of policy analysis is to provide options to policy makers (the client) that are built of science and reason and based on sound study but have the potential to do the most good for the (More...)
09-01-2012 22:05:22 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 1 opening question I believe the primary goal for policy analysts, are to create a means to efficiency, within their organization. That's a simplistic goal on the surface but considering the context and the obstacles these analysts face it really isn't all that simple. The readings describe a multitude of obstacles but I (More...)
09-01-2012 22:03:19 SHERRY LISA THOMPSON Lesson 1 opening question I believe the primary goal for policy analysts, are to create a means to efficiency, within their organization. That's a simplistic goal on the surface but considering the context and the obstacles these analysts face it really isn't all that simple. The readings describe a multitude of obstacles but I (More...)
09-01-2012 21:18:46 LACHAKA C HUBBARD Lesson 1 opening question The primary goal of policy analysis is to give legislators advice on how a certain policy is performing or affecting the population, land, or whatever it concerns. Also, it is to advise them on what could be a potential area to look into as far as creating policy. Some of (More...)
09-01-2012 21:17:53 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 1 opening question Rachel- The readings mention many times that policy analysts need to be properly educated and informed in their area of interests in order to best serve the public figures and public. I found it interesting that the analysts refer to the researchers when in doubt-I thought the job was one (More...)
09-01-2012 21:17:26 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 1 opening question Rachel- The readings mention many times that policy analysts need to be properly educated and informed in their area of interests in order to best serve the public figures and public. I found it interesting that the analysts refer to the researchers when in doubt-I thought the job was one (More...)
09-01-2012 10:16:47 RACHEL ERIN KOLLER Lesson 1 opening question The primary goal of policy analysis is for the analyst to be properly educated and informed in their area of interest in order to offer advice to public officials so that they may make decisions appropriately. Fraatz mentions, that “analysts can be advocates as well as academics” (p. 273), because (More...)
08-31-2012 23:17:43 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 1 opening question Angela, your post was very well organized and brought up multiple strong points. However, your argument of strong policy analysis not guaranteeing strong public policy is quite interesting. Strong policy analysis not yielding the most practical results when applied to real world circumstance is amusing to ponder. Policy analysts spend (More...)
08-31-2012 22:59:36 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 1 opening question In reply to Jeffery's post, I found your argument of conveying ideas quite compelling. One might simply pass over this idea (as I did) and see it as trivial. However, you bring to light to importance of presentation, which can make or break a policy. Without the ability to adjust (More...)
08-31-2012 18:21:58 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 1 opening question In response to Jarrett, I completely agree with you that policy analysts have a major obstacle in trying to create policy from an unbiased standpoint. Seeing the work done in a political realm, it is in many ways encouraged that analysts create policy that stays in line with a particular (More...)
08-31-2012 18:02:04 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 1 opening question I think that you brought up a great point about the status quo being a major obstacle that policy analysts face. I never really thought of that at first as being an obstacle, but since you have brought it up I can understand how it does become a challenge. It (More...)
08-31-2012 16:52:35 MELISSA LYNN KILDERRY Lesson 1 opening question According to Wolf (1982) policy analysis is the application of scientific methods to problems of public policy, choice, and implementation in domestic, international and national security affairs. Policy analysis is client-oriented advice relevant to public decisions and informed social values (Weimer & Vining 2011). After reading Weimer and Vining, (More...)
08-31-2012 16:41:03 ERIC DUSTIN HICKSON Lesson 1 opening question 1. I think the primary goal of policy analysis is to give advice on how to solve a public problem. The advice should be based on a variety of sciences such as, social, physical, political, economics, and so on. The advice should be well researched and based on hard evidence. (More...)
08-31-2012 12:48:23 JARRETT THOMAS LONICH Lesson 1 opening question After completing the four readings for lesson 1, it would be save to assume that the primary goal of policy analysis is to examine and understand the ratio of costs to benefits given a related topic. Policy analysts determine the most feasible response to a circumstance and offer their best (More...)
08-31-2012 01:12:54 ANDREA J FUENTES Lesson 1 opening question After completing this week’s assigned reading, I learned how much the arena of politics is filled with social and economic developments. It is very important to be able to identify and define all problems related to the public especially those related to the effectiveness of a particular policy. The primary (More...)
08-30-2012 22:09:33 JESSICA FAY JONES Lesson 1 opening question Primary Goal of Policy Analysis The main goal of policy analysis is to help inform decisions and determine the right policy for given situations and goals. Major Obstacles Policy Analysts Encounter As J.M.B. Fraatz (1982) mentions, finding an “appreciative audience” and defining an audience can be difficult for policy analysts (More...)
08-30-2012 21:58:06 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 1 opening question After completing the readings, it seems to me that the primary goal of policy analysis is to consider the consequences of various public policy decisions and offer advice to individuals who have influence over those decisions. Policy analysts’ advice should center on a course of action that maximizes social welfare (More...)
08-30-2012 21:57:42 ANGELA MARIE SMITH Lesson 1 opening question After completing the readings, it seems to me that the primary goal of policy analysis is to consider the consequences of various public policy decisions and offer advice to individuals who have influence over those decisions. Policy analysts’ advice should center on a course of action that maximizes social welfare (More...)
08-30-2012 21:14:23 MARGARET ELLEN HOSE Lesson 1 opening question After examining the readings from the week 1 lesson, I feel that the primary goal of policy analysis is to interpret and analyze information and data, while taking into consideration social values and the audience directly requesting the analysis, to derive an informed decision about a particular policy outcome with (More...)
08-30-2012 18:17:20 JEFFREY JAMES MORRIS Lesson 1 opening question After reading the materials assigned for this weeks lesson, I think the primary goal of policy analysis is to provide advice that adheres to clearly identifiable goals with the overall aim of producing a net-gain in terms of public benefit; or at the very least to prevent a net-loss to (More...)