Publications

Journal Cover Art


439    A. Wucher, H. Tian and N. Winograd, "A mixed cluster ion beam to enhance the ionization efficiency in molecular secondary ion mass spectrometry", Rapid Commun. in Mass. Spectrom., 28, 396-400 (2014).


438    K. Shen, D. Mao, B. J. Garrison, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Depth Profiling of Metal Overlayers on Organic Substrates with Cluster SIMS", Anal. Chem., 85, 10565-10572 (2013).


437     Y. Liu, C. Y. Lu, S. Twigg, M. Ghaffari, J. H. Lin, N. Winograd and Q. M. Shang, "Direct Observation of Ion Distributions near Electrodes in Ionic Polymer Actuators Containing Ionic Liquids", Scientific Reports, 3, article #973 (2013).


436     M. K. Passarelli, A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "Single-Cell Lipidomics:  Characterizing and Imaging Lipids on the Surface of Individual Aplysia californica Neurons with Cluster Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry", Anal. Chem, 85, 2231-2238 (2013).


435     N. Winograd, "Molecular Depth Profiling", Surface and Interface Analysis, 45, 3-8 (2013).


434     A. Wucher, K. D. Krantzman, C. Lu and N. Winograd, "A Statistical Approach to Molecular Delta Layer Depth Profiling", Surface and Interface Analysis, 45, 39-41 (2013).


433    D. A. Brenes, Z. Postawa, A. Wucher, P. Blenkinsopp, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "An Experimental and Theoretical View of Energetic C60 cluster Bombardment onto Molecular Solids", Surface and Interface Analysis, 45, 50-53 (2013).


432     J. Lerach and N. Winograd, "Evidence for the Formation of Dynamically Created Pre-Formed Ions at the Interface of Isotopically-Enriched Thin Films", Surface and Interface Analysis, 45, 54-56 (2013).


431    D. Mao, D. Brens, C. Lu, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Temperature Effects of Sputtering of Langmuir-Blodgett Multilayers", Surface and Interface Analysis, 45, 65-67 (2013).


430     C. Lu, N. Winograd and A. Wucher, "Investigations of Molecular Depth Profiling with Dual Beam Sputtering", Surface and Interface Analysis, 45, 175-177 (2013).


429     I. Lanekoff, N. Phan, C. Van Bell, N. Winograd, P. Sjovall and A. G. Ewing, "Mass Spectrometry Imaging of Freeze-Dried Membrane Phospholipids of Dividing Tetrahymena Pyriformis", Surface and Interface Analysis, 45, 211-214 (2013).


428     L. M. Jackson, J. J. Hue and N. Winograd, "Quantitative detection of Purines in Biologically Relevant films with TOF-Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry", Surface and Interface Analysis, 45, 237-239 (2013).


427     S. Keskin, A. Piwowar, J. Hue, K. Shan and N. Winograd, "Relative Ion Yields in Mammalian Cell Components Using C60 SIMS", Surface and Interface Analysis, 45, 244-247(2013).


426     M. Passarelli, A. Ewing and N. Winograd, "C60-SIMS Studies of Glycerophospholipids in a LIPID MAPS Model Cell Line: KDO2-Lipid A Stimulated RAW 264.7 Cells", Surface and Interface Analysis, 45, 298-301 (2013).


425     A. Piwowar, S. Keskin, M. Ortiz Delgado, K. Shen, J. Hue, I. Lanekoff, A. Ewing and N. Winograd, "C60-ToF SIMS imaging of frozen hydrated HeLa cells, Surface and Interface Analysis, 45, 302-304 (2013).


424     A. Kucher and N. Winograd, "Strong-Field Ionization of C60-Sputtered Neutral Molecules Using 1015 W/cm2 of fs IR Radiation", Surface and Interface Analysis, 45, 510-512 (2013).


423     A. G. Shard, R. Havelund, M. P. Seah, S. J. Spencer, I. S. Gilmore, N. Winograd, D. Mao, T. Miyayama, E. Niehuis, D. Rading and R. Moellers, "Cluster Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry and the Temperature Dependence of Molecular Depth Profiles", Anal. Chem., 84, 7865-7873 (2012).


422     D. Mao, A. Wucher, D. A. Brenes, C. Lu and N. Winograd, "Cluster Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry and the Temperature Dependence of Molecular Depth Profiles", Anal. Chem., 84, 3981-3989 (2012).


421     Y. Liu, C. Lu, S. Twigg, J. Lin, G. Hatipoglua, S. Liu, N. Winograd, Q. M. Zhang, "Ion Distribution in Ionic Electroactive Polymer Actuators", Proc. SPIE 7976, 79762O (2011).


420     D. Mao, C. Lu, N. Winograd and A. Wucher, "Molecular Depth Profiling by Wedged Crater Beveling", Anal. Chem., 16, 6410-6417 (2011).


419     D. A. Brenes, B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd, Z. Postawa, A. Wucher and P. Blenkinsopp, "Fluid Flow and Effusive Desorption: Dominant Mechanisms of Energy Dissipation after Energetic Cluster Bombardment of Molecular Solids", J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 2, 2009-2014 (2011).


418     J. S. Fletcher, J. C. Vickerman and N. Winograd, "Label Free Biochemical 2D and 3D Imaging Using Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry", Current Opinion in Chemical Biology, 15, 733-740 (2011).


417     M. K. Passarelli and N. Winograd, "Lipid Imaging With Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (ToF-SIMS)", Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids, 1811, 976-990 (2011).


416     Z. Postawa, L. Rzeznik, R. Paruch, M. F. Russo, N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Depth Profiling by Cluster Projectiles as Seen by Computer Simulations", Surface and Interface Analysis, 43, 12-15 (2011).

           

415    L. L. Zheng, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Retrospective Sputter Depth Profiling using 3D Mass Spectral Imaging", Surface and Interface Analysis, 43, 41-44 (2011).


414     D. Willingham, D. A. Brenes, N. Winograd and A. Wucher, "Investigating the Fundamentals of Molecular Depth Profiling Using Strong-Field Photoionization of Sputtered Neutrals", Surface and Interface Analysis, 43, 45-48 (2011).

           

413     D. A. Brenes, D. Willingham, N. Winograd and Z. Postawa, "Temperature Effects in the Sputtering of a Molecular Solid by Energetic Atomic and Cluster Projectiles", Surface and Interface Analysis, 43, 78-80 (2011).

           

412    C. Lu, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Fundamental Studies of Depth Profiling Using Organic Delta Layers as Model Systems", Surface and Interface Analysis, 43, 81-83 (2011).

           

411   C. Lu, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Ionization Effects in Molecular Depth Profiling of Trehalose Films Using Buckminsterfullerene (C60) Cluster Ions", Surface and Interface Analysis, 43, 99-102 (2011).

           

410   M. K. Passarelli and N. Winograd, "Characterizing In Situ Glycerophospholipids with SIMS and MALDI Methodologies", Surface and Interface Analysis, 43, 269-271 (2011).

           

409   A. Wucher, A. Kucher, N. Winograd, C. A. Briner and K. D. Kranzman, "Sputtered Neutral SinCm Clusters as a Monitor for Carbon Implantation During C60 Bombardment of Silicon", Nuclear Inst. And Methods in Physics Research B, 269, 1300-1305 (2011).

           

408   C. Lu, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Molecular Depth Profiling of Buried Lipid Bilayers using C60-Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry", Anal. Chem., 83, 351-358 (2011).

           

407    A. M. Piwowar, J.S. Fletcher, J. Kordys, N. P. Lockyer, N. Winograd and J. C. Vickerman, "Effects of Cryogenic Sample Analysis on Molecular Depth Profiles with TOF-Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry", Anal. Chem., 82, 8291-8299 (2010).

           

406   I. Lanekoff, M. Kurczy, R. Hill, J. Fletcher, J. Vickerman, N. Winograd, P. Sjovall and A. G. Ewing, "Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry Imaging of Biological Cells Fractured In Situ with a Spring-Loaded Trap System", Anal. Chem., 82(15), 6652-6659 (2010).

           

405   A. Delcorte, H. F. Schaefer III, N. Winograd and L. Zhigilei, "Biography of Barbara J. Garrison", J. Phys. Chem. C, 114, 5241-5246 (2010).

           

404   M. E. Kurczy, P. D. Piehowski, D. Willingham, K. A. Molyneaux, M. L. Heien, N. Winograd and A. G. Ewing, "Nanotome Cluster Bombardment to Recover Spatial Chemistry after Preparation of Biological Samples for SIMS Imaging", J. Am. Soc. Mass Spec., 21, 833-836 (2010).

           

403   M. E. Kurczy, P. D. Piehowski, C. T. Van Bell, M. L. Heien, N. Winograd and A. G. Ewing, "Mass Spectrometry Imaging of Mating Tetrahymena: Changes in cell morpholgy regulate lipid domain formation", Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 107, 2751-2756 (2010).

           

402  N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Biological Cluster Mass Spectrometry", Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem., 61, 305-322 (2010).

           

401  D. Mao, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Molecular Depth Profiling with Cluster Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry and Wedges", Anal. Chem., 82, 57-60 (2010).

          

400  D. Willingham, D. A. Brenes, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Strong-field Photoionization of Sputtered Neutral Molecules for Molecular Depth Profiling", J. Phys. Chem. C, 114, 5391-5399 (2010).

           

399     A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Molecular Sputter Depth Profiling using Carbon Cluster Beams", Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 396, 105-144 (2010).

           

398     R. Paruch, L. Rsesnik, B. Czerwinski, B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd and Z. Postawa, "Sputtering of Langmui-Blodgett multilayers by keV C60 projectiles as seen by computer simulations", Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. B, 267, 2740-2744 (2009).


397    P. Piehowski, A. Davey, M. Kurczy, E. Sheets, N. Winograd, A. G. Ewing and M. Heien, "ToF-SIMS Imaging of Sub-Cellular Lipid Heterogeneity: Poisson Counting and Spatial Resolution", Anal. Chem., 81, 5593-5602 (2009).

           

396     R. Paruch, L. Rzeznik, B. Czerwinski, B. J. Garrison , N. Winograd and Z. Postawa, "Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Sputtering of Langmuir-Blodgett Multilayers by Kiloelectronvolt C-60 Projectiles", J. Phys Chem. C, 113, 5641-5648 (2009).

           

395     B. J. Garrison, Z. Postawa, K. E. Ryan, J. C. Vickerman, R. P. Webb and N. Winograd, "Internal Energy of Molecules Ejected Due to Energetic C60 Bombardment", Anal. Chem., 81, 2260-2267 (2009).

           

394     J. Ding, D. Jiang, M. Kurczy, J. Nalepka, B. Dudley, E. Merkel, F. Porter, A. Ewing, N. Winograd, J. Burgess and K. Molyneaux, "Inhibition of HMBCoA Reductase Reveals an Unexpected Role for Cholesterol During PGC Migration in the Mouse", BMC Developmental Biology, 8, article number 120 (2008).

           

393     D. Willingham, A. Kucher and N. Winograd, "Strong-field ionization of sputtered molecules for biomolecular imaging", Chem. Phys. Lett., 468, 264-269 (2009).

           

392     A. Carado, M. K. Passarelli, J. Kozole, J. E. Wingate, N. Winograd and A. V. Loboda, "C60-SIMS with a Hybrid-Quadrupole Orthogonal time-of-flight Mass Spectrometer", Anal. Chem., 80, 7921-7929(2008).

           

391     A. Wucher, J. Cheng, L. Zheng and N. Winograd, "Three-Dimensional Depth Profiling of Molecular Structures", Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 393, 1835-1842 (2009).

           

390     P. Piehowski, A. Carado, M. Kurczy, S. Ostrowski, M. Heien, N. Winograd and A. Ewing, "MS/MS Methodology to Improve Sub-Cellular Mapping of Cholesterol Using ToF-SIMS", Anal. Chem., 80, 8662-8667 (2008).

           

389     A. Wucher, J. Cheng and N. Winograd, "Molecular Depth Profiling using a C60 Cluster Beam: the Role of Impact Energy", J. Phys. Chem. C, 112, 16550-16555 (2008).

           

388     L. Zheng, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Depth Resolution during C60+ Profiling of Multilayer Molecular Films", Anal. Chem., 80(19), 7363-7371 (2008).

           

387     M. J. Baker, L. Zheng, N. Winograd, N. P. Lockyer and J. C. Vickerman, "Mass Spectral Imaging of Glycophospholipids, Cholesterol and Glycophorin A in Model Cell Membranes", Langmuir, 24, 11803-11810 (2008).

           

386     J. Kozole, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Energy Deposition during Molecular Depth Profiling Experiments with Cluster Ion Beams", Anal. Chem., 80, 5293-5301 (2008).

           

385     P. D. Piehowski, M. E. Kurczy, D. Willingham, S. Parry, M. L. Heien, N. Winograd and A. G. Ewing, "Freeze-Etching and Vapor Matrix Deposition for ToF-SIMS Imaging of Single Cells", Langmuir, 24(15), 7906-7911 (2008).

           

384     L. Zheng, C. M. McQuaw, M. J. Baker, N. P. Lockyer, J. C. Vickerman, A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "Investigating Lipid-Lipid and Lipid-Protein Interactions in Model Membranes by TOF-SIMS", Appl. Surf. Science, 255, 1190-1192 (2008).

           

383     L. Zheng, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Fundamental Studies of Molecular Depth Profiling and 3-D Imaging using Langmuir-Blodgett Films as a Model", Appl. Surf. Science, 255, 816-818 (2008).

           

382     D. Willingham, A. Kucher and N. Winograd, "Molecular Depth Profiling and Imaging using Cluster Ion Beams with Femtosecond Laser Postionization", Appl. Surf. Science, 255, 831-833 (2008).

           

381     K. E. Ryan, E. J. Smiley, N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Angle of incidence effects in a molecular solid", Appl. Surf. Science, 255, 844-846 (2008).

           

380     L. Rzeznik, B. Czerwinski, B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd and Z. Postawa, "Molecular dynamics simulations of sputtering of organic overlayers by slow, large clusters", Appl. Surf. Science, 255, 841-843 (2008).

           

379     S. A. Parry, M. E. Kurczy, X. Fan, M. S. Halleck, R. A. Schlegel and N. Winograd, "Imaging Macrophages in Trehalose with SIMS", Appl. Surf. Science, 255, 929-933 (2008).

           

378     M. E. Kurczy, J. Kozole, S. A. Parry, P. D. Piehowski, N. Winograd and A. G. Ewing, "Relative Quantification of Cellular Sections with Molecular Depth Profiling ToF-SIMS Imaging ", Appl. Surf. Science, 255, 1158-1161 (2008).

           

377     J. Kozole and N. Winograd, "Controlling energy deposition during the C60+ bombardment of silicon: The effect of incident angle geometry", Appl. Surf. Science, 255, 886-889 (2008).

           

376     J. Kozole, D. Willingham and N. Winograd, "The Effect of Incident Angle on the C60+ Bombardment of Molecular Solids", Appl. Surf. Science, 255, 1068-1070 (2008).

           

375     A. Carado, J. Kozole, M. Passarelli, N. Winograd, A. Loboda and J. Wingate, "Cluster SIMS with a Hybrid Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer", Appl. Surf. Science, 255, 1610-1613 (2008).


374     A. Carado, J. Kozole, M. Passarelli, N. Winograd, A. Loboda, J. Bunch, J. Wingate, J. Hankin and R. Murphy, "Biological Tissue Imaging with a Hybrid Cluster SIMS Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer", Appl. Surf. Science, 255, 1572-1575 (2008).

           

373     A. Wucher, J. Cheng and N. Winograd, "Molecular depth profiling of trehalose using a C60 cluster ion beam", Appl. Surf. Science, 255, 959-961 (2008).

           

372     A. Wucher, J. Cheng, L. Zheng, D. Willingham and N. Winograd, "Three-dimensional Molecular Imaging using Mass Spectrometry and Atomic Force Microscopy", Appl. Surf. Science, 255, 984-986 (2008).

           

371     M. E. Kurczy, P. D. Piehowski, S. A. Parry, M. Jiang, G. Chen, A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "Which is more important in bioimaging SIMS experiments - The sample preparation or the nature of the projectile?", Appl. Surf. Science, 255, 1298-1304 (2008).

           

370     L. Rzeznik, B. Cserwinski, B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd and Z. Postawa, "Microscopic Insight into the Sputtering of Thin Polystyrene Films on Ag{111} induced by Large and Slow Ar Clusters", J. Phys. Chem. C. 112(2), 521-531 (2008).

           

369     N. J. Wittenberg, L. Zheng, N. Winograd and A. G. Ewing, "Short Chain Alcohols Promote Accelerated Membrane Distention in a Dynamic Liposome Model of Exocytosis", Langmuir, 24(6), 2637-2642(2008).

           

368     L. Zheng, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Chemically Alternating Langmuir-Blodgett Thin Films as a Model for Molecular Depth Profiling by Mass Spectrometry", J. Am. Soc. of Mass Spec. 19, 96-102 (2008).

           

367     P. Furbert, C. Lu, N. Winograd and L. DeLouise, "Label-Free Optical Detection of Peptide Synthesis on Porous Silicon Scaffold/Sensor", Langmuir, 24(6), 2908-2915(2008).

           

366     L. Zheng, C. M. McQuaw, A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "Sphingomyelin/Phosphatidylcholine and Cholesterol Interactions Studied by Imaging Mass Spectrometry", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129 15730-15731 (2007).

           

365     A. Wucher, J. Cheng and N. Winograd, "Protocols for 3-Dimensional Imaging with Mass Spectrometry", Anal. Chem. 79, 5529-5539 (2007).

           

364     M. F. Russo Jr., C. Szakal, J. Kozole, N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Sputtering Yields for C60 and Au3 Bombardment of Water Ice as a Function of Incident Kinetic Energy", Anal. Chem. 79, 4493-4498 (2007).

           

363     J. Y. Lim, A. D. Dreiss, Z. Zhou, J. C. Hansen, C. A. Siedlecki, R. Hengstebeck, J. Cheng, N. Winograd and H. J. Donahue, "The Regulation of Integrin Mediated Osteoblast Focal Adhesion and Focal Adhesion Kinase Expression by Nanoscale Topography", Biomaterials, 28,1787-1797 (2007).

           

362     J. Cheng, J. Kozole, R. Hengstebeck and N. Winograd, "Direct Comparison of Au3+ and C60+ cluster projectiles in SIMS molecular depth profiling", J. Am Soc. of Mass Spectrometry, 18(3), 406-412 (2007).

           

361     E. J. Smiley, N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Effect of cluster size in keV cluster bombardment of solid benzene", Anal Chem. 79, 494-499 (2007).

           

360     S. G. Ostrowski, M. Kurczy, T. P. Roddy, N. Winograd and A. G. Ewing, "Secondary Ion MS Imaging to Relatively Quantify Cholesterol in the Membranes of Individual Cells from Differentially Treated Populations", Anal. Chem. 79, 3554-3560 (2007).

           

359     A. V. Walker, T. B. Tighe, O. Cabarcos, B. C. Haynie, D. L. Allara and N. Winograd, "The Dynamics of Interaction of Magnesium Atoms on Methoxy-terminated Self-Assembled Monolayers: An Example of a Reactive Metal with a Low Sticking Probablility", J. Phys. Chem. C 111(2), 765-772 (2007).

           

358     C. M. McQuaw, L. Zheng, A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "Localization of Sphingomyelin in Cholesterol Domains by Imaging Mass Spectrometry", Langmuir 23, 5645-5650 (2007).

           

357     S. Parry and N. Winograd, "SIMS for imaging", Encyclopedia of Mass Spectrometry, ed. by Michael Gross and Richard Caprioli, 6, 596-605, Elsevier (2007).

           

356     R. M. Braun, J. Cheng, E. E. Parsonage, J. Moeller and N. Winograd, "Ga+ and C60+ Surface and Depth Profile Investigation of a Drug-Loaded co-Polymer(styrene-b-isobutylene-b-styrene) Utilized to coat Taxus Express Stents", Anal. Chem. 78, 8347-8353 (2006).

           

355     R. M. Braun, J. Cheng, E. E. Parsonage, J. Moeller and N. Winograd, "Depth profiling of taxol-loaded poly(styrene-b-isobutylene-b-styrene) using Ga+ and C60+ ion beams", App. Surf. Sci. 252, 6615-6618 (2006).

           

354     B. Czerwinski, R. Samson, B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd and Z. Postawa, "Desorption of organic overlayers by Ga and C60 bombardment", Vacuum 81(2), 167-173 (2006).

           

353     C. Szakal, J. Kozole, M. F. Russo, Jr., B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Surface sensitivity in cluster-ion-induced sputtering", Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 216104,1-4 (2006).

           

352     G. L. Fisher, R. E. Lakis, C. C. Davis, C. Szakal, J. G. Swadener, C. J. Wetteland, and N. Winograd, "Mechanical Properties and the Evolution of Matrix Molecules in PTFE upon Irradiation with MeV Alpha Particles", Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 1330-1342 (2006).

           

351     Z. Zhu, T. A. Daniel, M. Maitani, O. Cabarcos, D. L. Allara and N. Winograd, "Controlling Au atom penetration through Alkanethiolate Self-Assembled Monolayers on Au{111} by Adjusting Terminal Group Intermolecular Interactions", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 13710-13719 (2006).

           

350     G. L. Fisher, C. Szakal, C. J. Wetteland and N. Winograd, "Role of Low-Level Impurities and Intercalated Molecular Gases in the Alpha Particle Radiolysis of PTFE Examined by Static ToF-SIMS", J. Vac. Sci. Tech. 24(4), 1166-1171 (2006).

           

349     G. L. Fisher, C. Szakal, C. J. Wetteland and N. Winograd, "ToF-SIMS Evidence of Intercalated Molecular Gases and Diffusion-Limited Reaction Kinetics in an Alpha Particle-Irradiated PTFE Matrix", J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 1820-1829 (2006).

           

348     J. Cheng, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Molecular Depth Profiling with Cluster Beams", J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 8329-8336 (2006).

           

347     S. Chun, J. Xu, J. Cheng, L. Ding, N. Winograd and H. Fenniri, "Combining Spectroscopic Encoding with Imaging ToF SIMS to Expand the Repertoire of Barcoded Resins", J. Comb. Chem. 8(1), 18-25 (2006).

           

346     J. Cheng and N. Winograd, "Design those guns a little bigger", Materials Today 9(1-2), 50-51 (2006).

           

345     E. J. Smiley, Z. Postawa, I. A. Wojciechowski, N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Coarse-Grained Molecular Dynamics Studies of Cluster-Bombarded Benzene Crystals", App. Surf. Sci. 252, 6436-6439 (2006).

           

344     Z. Zhu, D. L. Allara and N. Winograd, "Chemistry of Metal Atoms Reacting with Alkanthiol Self-Assembled Monolayers", App. Surf. Sci. 252, 6686-6688 (2006).

           

343     A. Marcus and N. Winograd, "Metal Nanoparticle Deposition for ToF-SIMS Signal Enhancement of Polymers", Anal. Chem. 78(1), 141-148 (2006).

           

342     B. Czerwinski, A. Delcorte, B. J. Garrison, B. Samson, N. Winograd and Z. Postawa, "Sputtering of thin benzene and polystyrene overlayers by keV Ga and C60 bombardment", App. Surf. Sci. 252, 6419-66422 (2006).

           

341     C. M. McQuaw, A. G. Sostarecz, L. Zheng, A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "Investigating Lipid Interactions and the Process of Raft Formation in Cellular Membranes Using TOF-SIMS", App. Surf. Sci. 252, 6716-6718 (2006).

           

340     C. Szakal, J. Kozole and N. Winograd, "Fundamental Studies of the Cluster Bombardment of Water Ice", App. Surf. Sci. 252, 6526-6528 (2006).

           

339     J. Kozole, C. Szakal, M. Kurczy and N. Winograd, "Model Multilayer Structures for Three-Dimensional Cell Imaging", App. Surf. Sci. 252, 6789-6792 (2006).

           

338     J. Cheng and N. Winograd, "Molecular Depth Profiling of Multi-layer Systems with Cluster Ion Sources", App. Surf. Sci. 252, 6498-6501 (2006).

           

337     S. G. Ostrowski, A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "Single-Cell Level Mass Spectrometric Imaging", Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, pages 1-11 (2006).

           

336     N. Winograd, Z. Postawa, J. Cheng, C. Szakal, J. Kozole, and B. J. Garrison, "Improvements in SIMS continue. Is the end in sight?", App. Surf. Sci. 252, 6836-6843 (2006).

           

335     J. Y. Lim, J. C. Hansen, C. A. Siedlecki, R. Hengstebeck, J. Cheng, N. Winograd, and H. J. Donahue, "Osteoblast Adhesion on Poly(L-lactic acid)/Polystyrene Demixed Thin Film Blends: Effect of Nanotopography, Surface Chemistry, and Wettability", Biomacromolecules 6, 3319-3327 (2005).

           

334     T. Tighe, T. Daniel, Z. Zhu, S. Upilli, N. Winograd and D. L. Allara, "Evolution of the Interface and Metal Film Morphology in the Vapor Deposition of Ti on Hexadecanethiolate-Hydrocarbon Monolayers on Au", J. Phys. Chem. B. 109(44), 21006-21014 (2005).

           

333     S. Parry and N. Winograd, "High Resolution TOF-SIMS Imaging of Eukaryotic Cells Preserved in a Trehalose Matrix", Anal. Chem. 77(24), 7950 - 7957 (2005).

           

332     S. G. Ostrowski, C. Szakal, J. Kozole, T. P. Roddy, J. Xu, A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "SIMS Imaging of Lipids in Picoliter Vials with a Buckminsterfullerene Ion Source", Anal, Chem. 77(19), 6190 - 6196 (2005).

           

331     S. Sun, C. Szakal, A. Wucher and N. Winograd,"Energetic Ion Bombardment of Ag Surfaces by C60+ and Ga+ Projectiles", J. Am Soc. of Mass Spectrometry 16(10), 1677-1676 ( 2005).

           

330     A. V. Walker, T. B. Tighe, B. C. Haynie, S. Uppili, N. Winograd and D. L. Allara, "Chemical Pathways in the Interactions of Reactive Metal Atoms with Organic Surfaces: Vapor-Deposition of Ca and Ti on a Methoxy-Terminated Alkanethiolate Monolayer on Au", J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 11263-11272 (2005).

           

329     Z. Postawa, B. Czerwindki, N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Microscopic Insights into the Sputtering of Thin Organic Films on Ag{111} induced by C60 and Ga Bombardment", J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 11973-11979 (2005).

           

328     J. Cheng and N. Winograd, "Depth Profiling of Peptide Films with TOF-SIMS and a C60 probe", Anal. Chem. 77, 3651-3659 (2005).

           

327     N. Winograd, "The Magic of Cluster SIMS", Anal. Chem. 77, 142A-149A (2005).

           

326     C. M. McQuaw, A. G. Sostarecz, L. Zheng, A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "Lateral Heterogeneity of DPPE-Cholesterol LB Films Investigated with Imaging ToF-SIMS and AFM", Langmuir 21, 807-813 (2005).

           

325     P. Cyganik, E. Vandeweert, Z. Postawa, J. Bastiaansen, F. Vervaecke, P. Lievens, R. E. Silverans and N. Winograd, "Modification and Stability of Aromatic Self-Assembled Monolayers upon Irradiation with Energetic Particles", J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 5085-5094 (2005).

           

324     C. A. Meserole, E. Vandeweert, Z. Postawa and N. Winograd, "Internal Excitation Mechanisms of Molecules Emitted from Ion Bombarded Organic Thin Films", J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 15686-15693 (2004).

           

323     A. G. Sostarecz, C. M. McQuaw, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Depth-Profiling of Langmuir-Blodgett Films with a Buckminsterfullerene Probe", Anal. Chem. 76, 6651-6658 (2004).

           

322     A. G. Sostarecz, C. M. McQuaw, A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "Phosphatidylethanolamine Induced Cholesterol Domains Chemically Identified with Mass Spectrometric Imaging", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 13882-13883 (2004).

           

321     S. G. Ostrowski, C. T. Van Bell, N. Winograd and A. G. Ewing, "Mass Spectrometric Imaging of Highly Curved Membranes During Single Cell Mating", Science 305, 71-73 (2004).

           

320     S. Sun, C. Szakal, T. Roll, P. Mazarov, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "The Use of C60 Cluster Projectiles for Sputter Depth Profiling", Surf. And Interface Anal. 36, 1367-1372 (2004).

           

319     A. Wucher, S. Sun, C. Szakal and N. Winograd, "Molecular Depth-Profiling of Histamine in Ice Using a Buckminsterfullerene Probe", Anal. Chem. 76, 7234-7242 (2004).

           

318     I. A. Wojciechowski, U. Kutliev, S. Sun, C. Szakal, N. Winograd, and B. J. Garrison, "Emission Of Ionic Water Clusters From Water Ice Films Bombarded By Energetic Projectiles", Appl. Surf. Sci. 231-232, 72-77 (2004).

           

317     Z. Postawa, B. Czerwinski, M. Szewczyk, E. J. Smiley, N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Microscopic Insights into the Sputtering of Ag{111} Induced by C60 and Ga Bombardment", J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 7831-7838 (2004).

           

316     A. G. Sostarecz, D. M. Cannon, Jr., C. M. McQuaw, S. Sun, A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "Influence of Molecular Environment on the Analysis of Phospholipids by Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry", Langmuir 20(12), 4926 (2004).

           

315     A. V. Walker, T. B. Tighe, J. Stapleton, B. C. Haynie, S. Uppili, D. L. Allara and N. Winograd,"The Interaction of Vapor-Deposited Ti and Au with Molecular Wires", Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4008-4010 (2004).

           

314     S. Sun, A. Wucher, C. Szakal and N. Winograd, "Depth Profiling of Polycrystalline Multilayers using a Buckminsterfullerene Projectile", Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(25), 5177-5179 (2004).

           

313     I. A. Wojciechowski, S. Sun, C. Szakal, N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Ion Emission from Water Ice Due to Energetic Particle Bombardment", J. Phys. Chem A 108, 2993-2998 (2004).

           

312     A. V. Walker, T. B. Tighe, O. M. Cabarcos, M. D. Reinard, B. C. Haynie, S. Uppili, N. Winograd and D. L. Allara, "The Dynamics of Noble Metal Atom Penetration Through Methoxy-Terminated Alkanethiolate Monolayers", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 3954-3963 (2004).

 

311     C. M. McQuaw, E. J. Smiley, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "A Comparison of Molecular Dynamic Simulations and Experimental Observations: The Sputtering of Gold {100} by 20 keV Argon", Appl. Surf. Sci. 231-232, 39-43 (2004).

           

310     A. Wucher, S. Sun, C. Szakal and N. Winograd, "Molecular Sputter Depth Profiling in Ice Matrices Using C60 Projectiles", Appl. Surf. Sci. 231-232, 68-71 (2004).

           

309     C. Szakal, S. Sun, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "C60 Molecular Depth Profiling of a Model Polymer", Appl. Surf. Sci. 231-232, 183-185 (2004).

           

308     A. Sostarecz, S. Sun, C. Szakal, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Depth Profiling Studies of Multilayer Films with a C60+ Ion Source", Appl. Surf. Sci. 231-232, 179-182 (2004).

           

307     J. Xu, S. Ostrowski, C. W. Szakal, A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "TOF-SIMS Imaging with Cluster Ion Beams", Appl. Surf. Sci. 231-232, 159-163 (2004).

           

306     Z. Zhu, B. C. Haynie and N. Winograd, "Static SIMS Study of the Behavior of K Atoms on -CH3, -CO2H and -CO2CH3 Terminated Self-Assembled Monolayers", Appl. Surf. Sci. 321-322, 318-322 (2004).

           

305     S. Sun, C. Szakal, E. Smiley, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Sputtering of Ag Under C60+ and Ga+ Projectile Bombardment", Appl. Surf. Sci. 231-232, 64-67 (2004).

           

304     J. Xu, C. W. Szakal, S. E. Martin, B. R. Peterson, A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Molecule-Specific Imaging with Mass Spectrometry and a Buckminsterfullerene Probe: Application to Characterizing Solid-phase Synthesized Combinatorial Libraries", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 3902-3909 (2004) .

           

303     P. Cyganik, J. Bestiaansen, C. A. Meserole, E. Vandewert, N. Winograd, P. Lievens, R. E. Silverens, J. Szymonska and Z. Postawa, "Desorption of Neutral Molecules from Ion-Bombarded Organic Self-Assembled Monolayers", Izv. Akad. Nauk Fiz. 66(7), 1012 (2002).

           

302     J. I. Berry, S. Sun, Y. Dou A. Wucher and N. Winograd, "Laser Desorption Imaging of Proteins from Ice via UV Femtosecond Laser Pulses", Anal. Chem. 75(19), 5146-5151(2003).

           

301     Z. Postawa, B. Czerwinski, M. Szewczyk, E. J. Smiley, N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Enhancement of Sputtering Yields Due to C60 versus Ga Bombardment of Ag{111} As Explored by Molecular Dynamics Simulations", Anal. Chem. 75(17), 4402 (2003).

           

300     J. Xu, R. M. Braun and N. Winograd, "Applicability of Imaging TOF-SIMS to the Characterization of Solid-Phase Synthesized Combinatorial Libraries", Anal. Chem. 75(22), 6155 (2003).

           

299    T. P. Roddy, S. G. Ostrowski, D. M. Cannon, Jr., A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "Mass Spectrometry Imaging of Membrane Lipids in Cryogenically Preserved Single Cells", J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 13(5 Suppl), 1S-126S (2002).

           

298     T. P. Roddy, D. M. Cannon, Jr., S. G. Ostrowski, N. Winograd and A. G. Ewing, "Proton Transfer of ToF-SIMS Studies of Frozen-Hydrated Dipalmitoyl-Phosphatidylcholine", Anal. Chem. 75(16), 4087 (2003).

           

297     Z. Postawa, K. Ludwig, J. Piaskowy, K. Krantzman, N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Molecular Dynamic Simulations of the Sputtering of Multilayer Organic Systems", Nucl. Inst. And Meth. B 202, 168-174 (2003).

           

296     Y. Dou, N. Winograd, B. J. Garrison and L. V. Zhigilei, "Substrate-Assisted Laser-Initiated Ejection of Proteins Embedded in Water Films", J. Phys. Chem. B 107(10), 2362 (2003).

           

295     A. V. Walker, T. B. Tighe, M. D. Reinard, B. C. Haynie, D. L. Allara and N. Winograd, "Solvation of Zero-Valent Metals in Organic Thin Films", Chem. Phys. Lett. 369, 615 (2003).

           

294     B. J. Garrison, A. Delcorte, L. V. Zhigilei, T. E. Itina, K. D. Krantzman, Y. G. Yingling, C. M. McQuaw, E. J. Smiley and N. Winograd, "Big Molecule Ejection - SIMS vs. MALDI", Appl. Surf. Sci., 203-204, 69 (2003).

           

293     A. V. Walker and N. Winograd, "Prospects for Imaging with TOF-SIMS Using Gold Liquid Metal Ion Sources", Appl. Surf. Sci. 203-204, 198 (2003).

           

292     B. C. Haynie, A. V. Walker, T. B. Tighe, D. L. Allara and N. Winograd, "Adventures in Molecular Electronics: How to Attach Wires to Molecules", Appl. Surf. Sci. 203-204, 433 (2003).

           

291     J. Y. Xu, R. M. Braun and N. Winograd, "Rapid Screening of Molecular Arrays Using Imaging TOF-SIMS", Appl. Surf. Sci. 203-204, 201 (2003).

           

290     N. Winograd, "Prospects for Imaging TOF-SIMS: From Fundamentals to Biotechnology", Appl. Surf. Sci. 203-204, 13 (2003).

           

289     T. P. Roddy, D. M. Cannon, Jr., S. G. Ostrowski, N. Winograd and A. G. Ewing, "Identification of Cellular Sections with Imaging Mass Spectrometry Following Freeze Fracture", Anal. Chem. 74, 4020 (2002).

           

288     T. P. Roddy, D. M. Cannon, Jr., C. A. Meserole, N. Winograd and A. G. Ewing, "Imaging of Freeze-Fractured Cells with In-Situ Fluorescence and Time of Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (TOF-SIMS)", Anal. Chem. 74, 4011 (2002).

           

287     C. A. Meserole, E. Vandeweert, Z. Postawa, B. C. Haynie and N. Winograd, "Energetic Ion-Stimulated Desorption of Physisorbed Molecules", J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 12929 (2002).

           

286     G. L. Fisher, A. V. Walker, A. E. Hooper, T. B. Tighe, K. B. Bahnck, H. T. Skriba, M. D. Reinard, B. C. Haynie, R. L. Opila, N. Winograd and D. L. Allara, "Bond Insertion, Complexation and Penetration Pathways of Vapor-Deposited Aluminum Atoms with HO- and CH3O-Terminated Organic Monolayers", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 5528 (2002).

           

285     Z. Postawa, C. A. Meserole, P. Cyganik, J. Szymonska and N. Winograd, "Emission of Neutral Molecules from Ion-Bombarded Thiol Self-Assembled Monolayers", Nucl. Inst. and Meth. Phys. Rev. B 182, 148 (2001).

           

284     E. Vandeweert, V. Philipsen, J. Bastiaansen, F. Vervaecke, P. Lievens, R. E. Silverans, P. Cyganik, Z. Postawa, C. A. Meserole and N. Winograd, "Laser-Probing the Nanocosmos", Physicalia Magazine 23, 127 (2001).

           

283     N. Winograd, "Molecular Sputtering - Experiments from Predictions of Computer Simulations", Izvestiya Akademii Nauk-ser. Fizika 66, 462 (2002).

           

282     A. Walker, G. L. Fisher, A. E. Hooper, T. Tighe, R. L. Opila, N. Winograd and D. L. Allara, "Nucleation and Growth of Vapor-Deposited Metal Films on Self-Assembled Monolayers Studied by Multiple Characterization Probes", in Proc. Workshop on Polymer Metallization, E. Sacher, Ed., (2002) in press.

           

281     N. Winograd, "Chemical Imaging with Mass Spectrometry", McGraw-Hill Encylopedia of Science and Technology, 9th Ed., 37 (2001).

           

280     N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Molecular Desorption and SIMS", Int. J. of Mass Spec. 212, 467 (2001).

           

279     J. I. Berry, A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "SIMS Analysis of Biological Systems", in ToFSIMS: Surface Analysis by Mass Spectrometry, J. C. Vickerman and D. Briggs, Eds., 2001, page 595.

           

278     Y. Dou, L. V. Zhigilei, Z. Postawa, N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Thickness Effects of Water Overlayer on its Explosive Evaporation at Heated Metal Surfaces", Nucl. Inst. and Meth. Phys. Res. B 180, 105 (2001).

           

277     Y. Dou, L. V. Zhigilei, N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Explosive Boiling of Water Films Adjacent to Heated Surfaces: A Microscopic Description", J. Phys. Chem. 105, 2748 (2001).

           

276     K. D. Krantzman, Z. Postawa, B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd, S. J. Stuart and J. A. Harrison, "Understanding Collisions Cascades in Molecular Solids", Nucl. Inst. and Meth. Phys. Res. B 180, 159 (2001).

           

275     C. A. Meserole, E. Vandeweert, Z. Postawa, Y. Dou, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Desorption of Silver Atoms from Benzene-Covered Ag(111) by Energetic Ar+ Bombardment", Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. B 180, 53 (2001).

           

274     S. Sun, V. Vorsa and N. Winograd, "Photoionization of Dipeptides with Femtosecond Laser Pulses", Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy 2000, American Institute of Physics Conference Series Number 584, 2000 page 3.

           

273     C. A. Meserole, E. Vandeweert, Y. Dou, Z. Postawa and N. Winograd, "Environment-Dependent Desorption of Benzene Molecules", Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy 2000, American Institute of Physics Conference Series Number 584, 2000 page 197.

           

272     G. L. Fisher, A. E. Hooper, R. L. Opila, D. L. Allara and N. Winograd, "The Interaction of Vapor-Deposited Al Atoms with CO2H Groups at the Surface of a Self-Assembled AlkanethiolateMonolayer on Gold", J. Phys. Chem. 104(14), 3267 (2000).

           

271     D. M. Cannon, Jr., N. Winograd and A. G. Ewing, "Quantitative Chemical Analysis of Single Cells", Ann. Rev. Biophys. Biomol. Struct. 29, 239 (2000).

           

270     E. Vandeweert, C. A. Meserole, A. Sostarecz, N. Winograd and Z. Postawa, "State-Selective Energy and Angular Resolved Detection of Neutral Species Ejected from keV Ion Bombarded C6H6/Ag{111}", Nucl. Inst. and Meth. Phys. Rev. B 164-165, 820 (2000).

           

269     T. Kono, V. Vorsa, S. Sun and N. Winograd, "Quantitative Non-Resonant Postionization Experiments with Femtosecond Laser Pulses", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS XII), A. Benninghoven, P. Bertrand, H.-N. Migeon, and H. W. Werner, Eds., 2000, page 325.

           

268     C. A. Meserole, E. Vandeweert, R. Chatterjee, A. Sostarecz, B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd and Z. Postawa, "Resonant Postionization of Neutral Species Desorbed by keV Ar+ Bombardment of C6H6/Ag(111)", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS XII), A. Benninghoven, P. Bertrand, H.-N. Migeon, and H.. Werner, Eds., 2000, page 321.

           

267     N. Winograd, "Fundamental Aspects of Molecular Desorption in SIMS", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS XII), A. Benninghoven, P. Bertrand, H.-N. Migeon, and H. W. Werner, Eds., 2000, page 187.

           

266     D. M. Cannon, Jr., M. L. Pacholski, T. P. Roddy, N. Winograd and A. G. Ewing, "Lipid-Specific Imaging of Membrane Dynamics Using Mass Spectrometry", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS XII), A. Benninghoven, P. Bertrand, H.-N. Migeon, and H. W. Werner, Eds., 2000, page 931.

           

265     N. Winograd and R. M. Braun, "Imaging Mass Spectrometry and Combinatorial Chemistry", Spectroscopy 16(9), 14 (2001).

           

264     C. G. Pantano, J. Berry and N. Winograd, "Chemical Imaging of Glass Surfaces by Mass Spectrometry", The Glass Researcher, Bull. Of Glass Sci. and Eng. 9, 22 (1999).

           

263     V. Vorsa, T. Kono, K. F. Willey and N. Winograd, "Femtosecond Photoionization of Ion-Beam Desorbed Aliphatic and Aromatic Amino Acids: Fragmentation via a -Cleavage Reactions", J. Phys. Chem. 103(37), 7889 (1999).

           

262     A. Hooper, G. L. Fisher, K. Konstadinidia, D. Jung, H. Nguyen, R. Opila, R. W. Collins, N. Winograd and D. L. Allara, "Chemical Effects of Methyl and Methyl Ester Groups on the Nucleation and Growth of Vapor-Deposited Aluminum Films" J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 8052(1999).

           

261     R. M. Braun, A. Beyder, J. Xu, M. C. Wood, A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "Spatially Resolved Detection of Attomole Quantities of Organic Molecules Localized in Picoliter Vials Using Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry", Anal. Chem. 71, 3318 (1999).

           

260     M. L. Pacholski and N. Winograd, "Imaging with Mass Spectrometry", Chemical Reviews 99, 2977 (1999).

           

259     J. A. Townes, A. K. White, E. N. Wiggins, K. D. Krantzman, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Mechanism for Increased Yield with SF5+ Projectiles in Organic SIMS: The Substrate Effect", J. Phys. Chem. 103, 4587 (1999).

           

258     D. M. Cannon, Jr., M. L. Pacholski, N. Winograd and A. G. Ewing, "Molecule Specific Imaging of Freeze-Fractured, Frozen-Hydrated Model Membrane Systems Using Mass Spectrometry", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 603 (2000).

           

257     P. Cyganik, Z. Postawa, C. A. Meserole, E. Vandeweert and N. Winograd, "Ion-Induced Erosion of Organic Self-Assembled Monolayers", Nucl. Inst. and Meth. Phys. Res. B 148, 137 (1999).

           

256     M. L. Pacholski, D. M. Cannon, Jr., A. G. Ewing, and N. Winograd, "Imaging of Exposed Headgroups and Tailgroups of Phospholipid Membranes by Mass Spectrometry", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121(19), 4716 (1999).

           

255     S. H. Goss, G. L. Fisher, P. B. S. Kodali, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Atomic Placement of Al on the GaAs{001} c(4x4) Reconstruction Determined by Angle-Resolved Secondary-Ion Mass Spectrometry", Phys. Rev. B 59(16), 10662 (1999).

           

254     V. Vorsa, K. F. Willey, N. Winograd, "Photoionization of Gas-Phase versus Ion-Beam-Desorbed Dopamine with Femtosecond Laser Pulses", Anal. Chem. 71(3), 574 (1999).

           

253     R. Chatterjee, Z. Postawa, N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Molecular Dynamics Simulation Study of Molecular Ejection Mechanisms: keV Particle-Bombardment of C6H6/Ag{111}", J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 151 (1999).

           

252     C. A. Meserole, E. Vandeweert, R. Chatterjee and N. Winograd, "Desorption of Neutral Molecules From Self-Assembled Monolayers Subjected to keV Ion Bombardment", Appl. Surf. Sci. 141, 339 (1999).

           

251     C. A. Meserole, E. Vandeweert, R. Chatterjee, B. R. Chakraborty, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "State-Selective Laser Photoionization of Neutral Benzene Molecules Ejected from keV Ion Bombarded C6H6/Ag{111}", Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy 1998, Institute of Physics Conference Series Number 454, 1998, page 210.

           

250     V. Vorsa, K. F. Willey, T. Kono, N. Winograd, "Photoionization Studies of Small Biological Molecules Using Femtosecond Laser Pulses", Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy 1998, Institute of Physics Conference Series Number 454, 1998, page 206.

           

249     T. Kono, V. Vorsa, K. F. Willey, N. Winograd, "Femtosecond Photodissociation Dynamics of Cr(CO)6", Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy 1998, Institute of Physics Conference Series Number 454, 1998, page 89.

           

248     B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd, R. Chatterjee, Z. Postawa, A. Wucher, E. Vandeweert, P. Lievens, V. Philipsen and R. E. Silverans, "Sputtering of Atoms in Fine Structure States: A Probe of Excitation and Deexcitation Events", Rapid Commun. in Mass Spec. 12, 1266 (1998).

           

247     B. R. Chakraborty, D. E. Lehman and N. Winograd, "Time-of-Flight Static Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Surface Contamination on Pt/Ir Standard Mass Material", Rapid Commun. in Mass Spec. 12, 1261 (1998).

           

246     K. F. Willey, V. Vorsa, R. M. Braun and N. Winograd, "Postionization of Molecules Desorbed from Surfaces by KeV Ion Bombardment with Femtosecond Laser Pulses", Rapid Commun. in Mass Spec. 12, 1253 (1998).

           

245     R. M. Braun, P. Blenkinsopp, S. J. Mullock, C. Corlett, K. F. Willey, J. C. Vickerman and N. Winograd, "Performance Characteristics of a Chemical Imaging ToF Mass Spectrometer", Rapid Commun. in Mass Spec. 12, 1246 (1998).

           

244     A. Wucher, R. Heinrich, R. M. Braun, K. F. Willey and N. Winograd, "VUV Single Photon versus Femtosecond Multiphoton Ionization of Sputtered Germanium Clusters", Rapid Commun. in Mass Spec. 12, 1241 (1998).

           

243     B. V. King, C. Zimmermann, D. E. Riederer, S. W. Rosencrance, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Angle and Energy Distributions of Neutral Atoms Sputtered from Ni3Al(100)", Rapid Commun. in Mass Spec. 12, 1236 (1998).

           

242     M. L. Pacholski, D. M. Cannon, Jr., A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "Static TOF-SIMS Imaging of Freeze-Fractured, Frozen-Hydrated Biological Membranes", Rapid Commun. in Mass Spec. 12, 1232 (1998).

           

241     R. Chatterjee, D. E. Riederer, Z. Postawa and N. Winograd, "Ejection of Neutral Molecules from Ion-Bombarded Organic Surfaces", Rapid Commun. in Mass Spec. 12, 1226 (1998).

           

240     J. Zhu, C. A. Mirkin, R. M. Braun and N. Winograd, "Direct Oxidation of Alkylamines by Yba2Cu3O7-8: A Key Step in the Formation of Self-Assembled Monolayers on Cuprate Superconductors", J. Am .Chem. Soc. 120(20), 5126 (1998).

           

239     G. L. Fisher, A. Hooper, R. L. Opila, D. R. Jung, D. L. Allara and N. Winograd, "The Interaction Between Vapor-Deposited Al Atoms and Methylester-Terminated Self-Assembled Monolayers Studied by ToF-SIMS, XPS and IRS", J. Elec. Spec. Rel. Phenom. 98-99, 139 (1999).

           

238     R. Chatterjee, D. E. Riederer, Z. Postawa and N. Winograd, "Coverage-Dependent Molecular Ejection from Ion-Bombarded C6H6/Ag{111}", J. Phys. Chem. 102, 4176 (1998).

           

237     D. M. Cannon, Jr., M. L. Pacholski, A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "Molecular Imaging of Frozen-Hydrated Model Membrane Systems", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS XI), G. Gillen, R. Lareau, J. Bennett and F. Stevie, Eds., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1998, page 489.

           

236     M. L. Pacholski, D. M. Cannon, Jr., A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "Molecule Specific Imaging of Human Red Blood Cells Using TOF-SIMS", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS XI), G. Gillen, R. Lareau, J. Bennett and F. Stevie, Eds., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1998, page 93.

           

235     R. M. Braun, M. L. Pacholski, A. Beyder and N. Winograd, "TOF-SIMS Imaging for Combinatorial Chemistry and Drug Discovery Research", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS XI), G. Gillen, R. Lareau, J. Bennett and F. Stevie, Eds., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1998, page 89.

           

234     T. L. Colliver, C. L. Brummel, M. L. Pacholski, F. D. Swanek, A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "Atomic and Molecular Imaging at the Single Cell Level with TOF-SIMS", Anal. Chem. 69(13), 2225 (1997).

           

233     S. H. Goss, P. B. S. Kodali, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Angle-Resolved SIMS Studies of AlxGa(1-x)As {001} (2x4) Surface Reconstruction", Surf. Sci. 387, 44 (1997).

           

232     N. Winograd, "Combinatorial Chemistry and the Assaying Problem", McGraw-Hill 1998 Yearbook of Science and Technology, (1998) page 66.

           

231     K. F. Willey, C. L. Brummel and N. Winograd, "Photoionization Mechanisms for Cr(CO)6 Using High Intensity Laser Pulses in the Near-IR", Chem. Phys. Letts. 267, 359 (1997).

           

230     S. J. Stranick, S. V. Atre, A. N. Parikh, M. C. Wood, D. L. Allara, N. Winograd and P. S. Weiss, "Nanometer Scale Phase Separation in Mixed Composition Self-Assembled Monolayers", Nanotechnology 7, 438 (1996).

           

229     D. E. Riederer, R. Chatterjee, S. W. Rosencrance, Z. Postawa, T. D. Dunbar, D. L. Allara and N. Winograd, "Thermal Desorption Induced by keV Ion Bombardment of Thiol-Bound Self-Assembled Monolayers on Gold", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 119(34), 8089 (1997).

           

228     M. A. Dugan, M. L. Pacholski, K. F. Willey, R. M. Braun and N. Winograd, "Development of a New Ti:Sapphire Laser System for Femtosecond Laser Ionization at kHz Repetition Rates", Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy 1996, Institute of Physics Conference Series Number 388, 1996, page 423.

           

227     K. F. Willey, C. L. Brummel and N. Winograd, "Photoionization Mechanisms of Metal Carbonyls with High Power Femtosecond Laser Pulses", Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy 1996, Institute of Physics Conference Series Number 388, 1996, page 61.

           

226     D. E. Riederer, R. Chatterjee and N. Winograd, "Multiphoton Ionization of Ion-Beam and Laser Desorbed Molecules from Organic Surfaces", Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy 1996, Institute of Physics Conference Series Number 388, 1996, page 371.

           

225     R. Chatterjee, D. E. Riederer, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Desorption Mechanism of Benzene from C6H6/Ag(111) using keV Ion Bombardment and Laser Postionization", Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy 1996, Institute of Physics Conference Series Number 388, 1996, page 375.

           

224     K. F. Willey, C. L. Brummel and N. Winograd, "Controlling Molecular Fragmentation in Postionization Experiments Operated at kHz Repetition Rates with Femtosecond Laser Pulses", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS X), A. Benninghoven, B. Hagenhoff and H. W. Werner, Eds., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1996, page 797.

           

223     D. E. Riederer, S. W. Rosencrance, R. Chatterjee, T. D. Dunbar, D. L. Allara, N. Winograd and Z. Postawa, "Investigations into Mechanisms of Molecular Desorption Induced by keV Ion Bombardment of Organic Surfaces", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS X), A. Benninghoven, B. Hagenhoff and H. W. Werner, Eds., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1996, page 965.

           

222     C. L. Brummel, T. L. Colliver, M. L. Pacholski, K. F. Willey, A. G. Ewing and N. Winograd, "Molecule Specific Images From Biological Samples", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS X), A. Benninghoven, B. Hagenhoff and H. W. Werner, Eds., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1996, page 149.

           

221     H. R. Allcock, C. T. Morrissey, W. K. Way and N. Winograd, "Controlled Formation of Carboxylic Acid Groups at Polyphosphazene Surfaces: Oxidative and Hydrolytic Routes", Chem. Mat. 8, 2730 (1996).

           

220     S. W. Rosencrance, N. Winograd, B. J. Garrison and Z. Postawa, "Temperature Dependence of Polar Angle Distributions of Atoms Ejected from Ion Bombarded Au{111}", Phys. Rev. B 53(5), 2378 (1996).

           

219     W. K. Way, A. C. Pike, S. W. Rosencrance, R. M. Braun and N. Winograd, "The Coverage-Dependent Bond Length of Chlorine Adsorbed on Cu{111}", Surf. Interface Anal. 24, 137 (1996).

           

218     C. L. Brummel, J. C. Vickerman, S. A. Carr, M. E. Hemling, G. D. Roberts, W. Johnson, J. Weinstock, D. Gaitanopoulos, S. J. Benkovic and N. Winograd, "Evaluation of Mass Spectrometric Methods Applicable to the Direct Analysis of Non-Peptide Bead-Bound Combinatorial Libraries", Anal. Chem. 68, 237 (1996).

           

217     P. J. Beyer, S. D. Gilman, R. A. Lee, M. C. Wood, N. Winograd and A. G. Ewing, "Development of voltammetric methods, capillary electrophoresis and TOF SIMS imaging for constituent analysis of single cells", in Nanofabrication and Biosystems: Integrating Materials Science, Engineering and Biology, H. C. Hoch, L. W. Jelinski and H. Craighead, Eds., Cambridge University Press, New York, pg. 139 (1996).

           

216     J. S. Burnham, D. E. Sanders, C. Xu, R. M. Braun, S. H. Goss, K. P. Caffey, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Submonolayer Structure of An Abrupt Al/GaAs{001}-(2x4) Interface", Phys. Rev. B 53(15), 9901 (1996).

           

215     C. He, Z. Postawa, S. W. Rosencrance, R. Chatterjee, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Band Structure Effects in Ejection of Ni Atoms in Fine Structure States", Phys. Rev. Lett. 75(21), 3950 (1995).

           

214     Z. Postawa, C. He, M. El-Maazawi, R. Chatterjee, B. J. Garrison, S. W. Rosencrance and N. Winograd, "Ion-Induced Emission of Excited Atoms from (100) Surfaces of Transition Metal Single Crystals", Vacuum 46(5/6), 605 (1995).

           

213     S. W. Rosencrance, J. S. Burnham, D. E. Sanders, C. He, B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd, Z. Postawa and A. E. DePristo, "Mechanistic Study of Atomic Desorption Resulting from the keV Ion Bombardment of fcc{001} Single-Crystal Metals", Phys. Rev. B 52(8), 6006 (1995).

           

212     C. He, S. W. Rosencrance, Z. Postawa, C. Xu, R. Chatterjee, D. E. Reiderer, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Angular, Energy and Population Distributions of Neutral Atoms Desorbed by keV Ion Beam Bombardment of Ni{001}", Nucl. Inst. and Meth. B 100, 209 (1995).

           

211     B. K. Gupta, B. Bhushan, Y. Zhou, N. Winograd and K. Krishnan, "Chemical Analyses of Stains Formed on Co-Nb-Zr Metal-in-Gap Heads Sliding Against Oxide and Metal Particle Magnetic Tapes", J. Mater. Res. 10(7), 1795 (1995).

           

210     S. W. Rosencrance, D. E. Riederer, R. Chatterjee, C. He, Z. Postawa and N. Winograd, "Quantitative Determination of Desorption Time Delays for Ion Bombarded {100} Alkali Halide Single Crystals", Nucl. Inst. and Meth. B 101, 137 (1995).

           

209     C. Xu, J. S. Burnham, R. M. Braun, S. H. Goss and N. Winograd, "Tilting in the Arsenic-Induced c(4x4) Reconstruction of the GaAs{001} Surface", Phys. Rev. B 52(7), 5172 (1995).

           

208     J. J. Chen and N. Winograd, "The Adsorption and Decomposition of Methylamine on Pd{111}", Surf. Sci. 326, 285 (1995).

           

207     C. L. Brummel, K. F. Willey, J. C. Vickerman and N. Winograd, "Ion Beam Induced Desorption With Postionization Using High Repetition Femtosecond Lasers", Int. J. Mass. Spec. & Ion Proc. 143, 257 (1995).

           

206     R. S. Taylor, C. L. Brummel, N. Winograd, B. J. Garrison and J. C. Vickerman, "Molecular Desorption in Bombardment Mass Spectrometries", Chem. Phys. Lett. 233, 575 (1995).

           

205     J.-J. Chen, Z.-C. Jiang, Y. Zhou, B. R. Chakraborty and N. Winograd, "Spectroscopic Studies of Methanol Decomposition on Pd{111}", Surf. Sci. 328, 248 (1995).

           

204     M. C. Wood, Y. Zhou, C. L. Brummel and N. Winograd, "Imaging with Ion Beams and Laser Postionization", Anal. Chem. 66(15), 2425 (1994).

           

203     C. He, Z. Postawa, M. El-Maazawi, S. Rosencrance, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Energy-Resolved Angular Distributions and the Population Partition of Excited State Rh Atoms Ejected from Ion Bombarded Rh{001}," J. Chem. Phys. 101(7), 6226 (1994).

           

202     J.-J. Chen and N. Winograd, "The Effects of Preadsorbed CO on the Chemistry of CH3 and CH3I on Pd{111}", Surf. Sci. 314, 188 (1994).

           

201     C. L. Brummel, I. N. W. Lee, Y. Zhou, S. J. Benkovic and N. Winograd, "A Mass Spectrometric Solution to the Address Problem of Combinatorial Libraries", Science 264, 399 (1994).

           

200     M. H. Ervin and N. Winograd, "Surface Characterization with Ion-Induced Desorption and Multiphoton Resonance Ionization", Surf. And Interface Anal. 21, 298 (1994).

           

199     N. Winograd, J. Burnham and C. Xu, "Chemically-Induced Surface Structural Rearrangements Studied by Shadow-Cone-Enhanced SIMS", Accts. Chem. Res. 27(2), 37 (1994).


198     Y. Zhou, M. C. Wood and N. Winograd, "A Time-of-Flight SIMS Study of the Chemical Nature of Highly Dispersed Pt on Alumina", Journal of Catalysis 146, 82 (1994).

           

197     C. Xu, J. S. Burnham, S. H. Goss, K. Caffey, and N. Winograd, "Oxygen Induced Near-Surface Structural Rearrangements on Ni{001} Studied by Shadow-Cone Enhanced Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry", Phys. Rev. B. 49, 4842 (1994).

           

196     N. Winograd, Y. Zhou, M. C. Wood and C. L. Brummel, "Molecule-Specific Imaging Using Ion Beams and Laser Postionization," Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS IX) A. Benninghoven, Y. Nihei, R. Shimizu and H. W. Werner, Eds., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1994, page 551.

           

195     R. M. Braun and N. Winograd, "Design of an Ultrahigh Vacuum Direct-Drive, Cryogenic Sample Manipulator Providing Two Degrees of Rotational Freedom", J. Vac. Sci. Tech. A 11(5), 2867 (1994).

           

194     N. Winograd, "Sputtering of Single Crystals: Experimental Evidence of the Ejection Process" in Mat. Fys. Medd. Dan. Vid. Selsk. 43, 223 (1994).

           

193     R. Webb, R. Smith, E. Dawnkaski, B. Garrison and N. Winograd, "The Simulation of Energetic Particle Collisions with Solids - A Visual Representation", Int. Vid. J. Eng. Res. 3, 63 (1993).

           

192     S. W. Rosencrance, W. K. Way, N. Winograd and D. A. Shirley, "Polymethylmethacrylate by XPS", Surf. Sci. Spectra 2(1), 71 (1993).

           

191     W. K. Way, S. W. Rosencrance, N. Winograd and D. A. Shirley, "Polystyrene by XPS", Surf. Sci. Spectra 2(1), 67 (1993).

           

190     N. Winograd, "Ion Beams and Laser Postionization for Molecule-Specific Imaging", Anal. Chem. 65, 622A (1993).

           

189     B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Ion Beams and Lasers - New Directions for Surface Analysis", Chemtech 23(1), 25 (1993).

           

188     M. H. Ervin, M. C. Wood and N. Winograd, "Analyses of Cryogenic Samples Using Ion Induced Desorption and Multiphoton Resonance Ionization", Anal. Chem. 65, 417 (1993).

           

187     N. Winograd, Y. Zhou, M. Wood, S. Lakiszak and S. Mullock, "Prospects for Submicron Molecular Imaging with Ion Beams and Lasers", Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy 1992, Institute of Physics Conference Series Number 128, 1992, page 259.

           

186     N. Winograd, "Spectroscopic Studies of Collision-Induced Desorption from Surfaces", J. Phys. Chem. (feature article), 96, 6880 (1992).

           

185     Z. Postawa, M. El-Maazawi, R. Maboudian and N. Winograd, "Atomic Excitations in Ion Induced Sputtering of a Rh(100) Single Crystal", Nucl. Instrum. and Meth. B67, 565 (1992).

           

184     D. Bernardo, M. El-Maazawi, R. Maboudian, Z. Postawa, N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Angle-Resolved Velocity Distributions of Excited Rh Atoms Ejected from Ion-Bombarded Rh{100}", J. Chem. Phys. 97(5), 3846 (1992).

           

183     D. L. Pappas, D. M. Hrubowchak, M. H. Ervin and N. Winograd, "Influence of the Bombarding Ion Energy and Sample Composition on the Ground-State Atom Fraction in Solids Analysis Using Multiphoton Resonance Ionization", Surf. Interface Anal. 18, 743 (1992).

           

182     B. J. Garrison, R. Blumenthal, K. Caffey, E. Furman and N. Winograd, "Angular Distribution of Ga+ Ions Desorbed by 3 keV Ion Bombardment of GaAs{001} (2x4)", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS VIII), A. Benninghoven, K. T. F. Janssen, J. Tumpner and H. W. Werner, Eds., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1992, page 65.

           

181     N. Winograd, "State-Selected Studies of Atoms and Molecules Ejected from Ion Bombarded Surfaces", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS VIII), A. Benninghoven, K. T. F. Janssen, J. Tumpner and H. W. Werner, Eds., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1992, page 9.

           

180     N. Winograd, M. El-Maazawi, R. Maboudian, Z. Postawa, D. N. Bernardo and B. J. Garrison, "Energy- and Angle-Resolved Measurements of Rh(4F9/2) and Rh(4F7/2) Populations from Ion-Bombarded Rh{100}", J. Chem. Phys. 96(8), 6314 (1992).

           

179     C. Xu, K. P. Caffey, J. S. Burnham, S. H. Goss, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "GaAs{001}(2x4) Surface Structure Studies with Shadow-Cone-Enhanced Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry", Phys. Rev. B 45(12), 6776 (1992).

           

178     Jr.-Jyan Chen and N. Winograd, "Methanolic C-O Bond Activation on Pd(111): A Coverage- Dependent Reaction", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 114, 2722 (1992).

           

177     Z. Postawa, R. Maboudian, M. El-Maazawi, M. H. Ervin, M. C. Wood and N. Winograd, "Electronic and Nuclear Effects in Ion-Induced Desorption from NaCl{100}", J. Chem. Phys. 96(4), 3298 (1992).

           

176     G. P. Malafsky and N. Winograd, "Incident Ion Energy Effects on the Secondary Rh+ Ion Kinetic Energy and Azimuthal Angle Distributions From Rh{111}", Surf. Sci. 257, 41 (1991).

           

175     R. Blumenthal, K. P. Caffey, E. Furman, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Angular Distribution of Ga+ Ions Desorbed by 3 keV Ion Bombardment of GaAs{001}-(2x4)", Phys. Rev. B 44, 12830 (1991).

           

174     D. M. Hrubowchak, M. H. Ervin, M. C. Wood and N. Winograd, "Detection of Biomolecules on Surfaces Using Ion-Beam-Induced Desorption and Multiphoton Resonance Ionization", Anal. Chem. 63, 1947 (1991).

           

173     K. Caffey, R. Blumenthal, J. Burnham, E. Furman and N. Winograd, "Arsenic Coverage Dependence of the Angular Distribution of Secondary Ions Desorbed from the GaAs(001) (2x4) Surface", J. Vac. Sci. Tech. B 9(4), 2268 (1991).

           

172     M. El-Maazawi, R. Maboudian, Z. Postawa and N. Winograd, "Energy and Angular Distributions of Excited Rh Atoms Ejected from the Rh{100} Surface", Phys. Rev. B15 43(14), 12078 (1991).

           

171     N. Winograd, D. M. Hrubowchak, M. H. Ervin and M. C. Wood, "Multiphoton Resonance Ionization of Molecules Desorbed from Surfaces by Ion Beams", in Optical Methods for Ultrasensitive Detection and Analysis Techniques and Applications, SPIE Proceedings, Vol. 1435, (1991).

           

170     R. Maboudian, M. El-Maazawi, Z. Postawa and N. Winograd, "Angular and Energy Distributions of Rh Atoms Desorbed in an Excited State from Ion-Bombarded Rh{100}", Proceedings of Materials Research Society Meeting 201, 87 (1991).

           

169     M. El-Maazawi, Z. Postawa, R. Maboudian, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Surface Characterization and Adsorbate-Site Determination Using Multiphoton Resonance Ionization Detection of Desorbed Particles", in Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy 1990, Institute of Physics Conference Series Number 114, 1991, page 451.

           

168     M. H. Ervin, D. M. Hrubowchak, M. C. Wood and N. Winograd, "Surface Sensitive Detection of Organic Molecules Using Ion Beam Induced Desorption", in Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy 1990, Institute of Physics Conference Series Number 114, 1991, page 417.

           

167     D. M. Hrubowchak, M. H. Ervin and N. Winograd, "Characterization of Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds on Surfaces Using Ion-Beam Induced Desorption and Multiphoton Resonance Ionization", Anal. Chem. 63, 225 (1991).

           

166     R. Maboudian, Z. Postawa, M. El-Maazawi, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Angular Distribution of Rh Atoms Desorbed from Ion-Bombarded Rh{100}: Effect of Local Environment", Phys. Rev. B 42(12), 7311 (1990).

           

165     R. Blumenthal and N. Winograd, "The Angular Distribution of Ga+ Ions Desorbed by 3 keV Ion Bombardment of GaAs(110)", Phys. Rev. B15 42(17), 11 027 (1990).

           

164     R. Maboudian, M. El-Maazawi, Z. Postawa, C. T. Reimann, G. P. Malafsky, D. Hrubowchak, M. Ervin, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Energy and Angular Distributions of Particles Desorbed From Surfaces Using Multiphoton Resonance Ionization Detection", SPIE Proceedings 1208, 41 (1990).

           

163     C.-C. Chang and N. Winograd, "Surface Structures Studies of Cl Adsorption on Ag{001} Using Energetic Ion Beams", Surf. Sci. 230, 27 (1990).

           

162     D. M. Hrubowchak, M. H. Ervin and N. Winograd, "What are the Limits of Detection for Molecules on Surfaces Using Ion Beam Induced Desorption?", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS VII), A. Benninghoven, C. A. Evans, K. D. McKeegan, H. A. Storms and H. W. Werner, Eds., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1990, page 805.

           

161     G. P. Malafsky and N. Winograd, "The Influence of Megaevent Collision Sequences on Secondary Ionization", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS VII), A. Benninghoven, C. A. Evans, K. D. McKeegan, H. A. Storms and H. W. Werner, Eds., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1990, page 37.

           

160     R. Blumenthal, K. P. Caffey and N. Winograd, "The Ion Induced Angular Distribution Patterns of GaAs(110) and Al/GaAs(110)", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS VII), A. Benninghoven, C. A. Evans, K. D. McKeegan, H. A. Storms and H. W. Werner, Eds., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1990, page 57.

           

159     C.-C. Chang and N. Winograd, "Surface Bond-Length Determinations with Shadow-Cone Enhanced Desorption", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS VII), A. Benninghoven, C. A. Evans, K. D. McKeegan, H. A. Storms and H. W. Werner, Eds., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1990, page 33.

           

158     B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Don E. Harrison, Jr. A Retrospective and Prospective", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS VII), A. Benninghoven, C. A. Evans, K. D. McKeegan, H. A. Storms and H. W. Werner, Eds., John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1990, page 3.

           

157     N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Surface Structure and Reaction Studies by Ion-Solid Collisions", in Ion Spectroscopies for Surface Analysis, Vol. 2, A. W. Czanderna and D. M. Hercules, Eds., Plenum, New York, page 45 (1991).

           

156     R. J. Levis, L. A. DeLouise, E. J. White and N. Winograd, "Defect Induced Surface Chemistry: A Comparison of the Adsorption and Thermal Decomposition of C2H4 of Rh{111} and Rh{331}", Surf. Sci. 230, 35 (1990).

           

155     B. D. Weaver, D. R. Frankl, Rik Blumenthal and N. Winograd, "Atom-Scattering Study of Ar+ Ion Damaged GaAs(110)", Surf. Sci. 222, 464 (1989).

           

154     B. J. Garrison, K. Walzl, M. El-Maazawi, N. Winograd, C. T. Reimann and D. M. Deaven, "A Many-Body Embedded Atom Potential For Describing Ejection of Atoms from Surfaces", Rad. Effects in Defects and Solids 109(1-4), 287 (1989).

           

153     S. K. Donner, K. P. Caffey and N. Winograd, "Effect of Disorder on the Al/GaAs(001) Interface", J. Vac. Sci. Tech. B 7(4), 742 (1989).

           

152     S. K. Donner, J. L. Herman, Rik Blumenthal, R. Trehan, Ehud Furman and N. Winograd, "Growth of Al on GaAs(001): Observation of Interfacial Submonolayer Structure", Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 1723 (1989).

           

151     R. J. Levis, J. Zhicheng and N. Winograd, "The Thermal Decomposition of CH3OH Adsorbed on Pd{111}: A New Reaction Pathway Involving CH3 Formation", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 111, 4605 (1989).

           

150     N. Winograd and C.-C. Chang, "Coverage-Dependent Bond-Length Changes of Chlorine Adsorbed on Ag{110} Determined by Shadow-Cone Enhanced Desorption", Phys. Rev. Lett. 62(21), 2568 (1989).

           

149     C. T. Reimann, M. El-Maazawi, K. Walzl, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Rh Atom Ejection from keV Ion-Bombarded p(2x2) O/Rh{111}: Adsorption Site and Coverage Determination from Angle-Resolved Desorption Measurements", J. Chem. Phys. 90(3), 2027 (1989).

           

148     C.-C. Chang and Nicholas Winograd, "Shadow-Cone Enhanced Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry Studies of Ag{110}", Phys. Rev. B 39(6), 3467 (1989).

           

147     D. L. Pappas, D. M. Hrubowchak, M. H. Ervin and N. Winograd, "Atom Counting at Surfaces", Science 243, 64 (1989).

           

146     R. J. Levis, Z. C. Jiang, N. Winograd, S. Akhter and J. M. White, "Methyl Formation from Methanol Decomposition on Pd{111} and Pt{111}", Catalysis Letters 1, 385 (1988).

           

145     N. Winograd, "Surface Studies Using Ion Beams and MPRI", in Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy, Institute of Physics Conference Series Number 94, 1988, page 183.

           

144     D. M. Hrubowchak, D. L. Pappas, M. H. Ervin, L. Mitchell, and N. Winograd, "Detection of Trace Levels of Radioactive Decay. Is It Possible to Determine Beta-Beta Decay Half-Lives?" in Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy, Institute of Physics Conference Series Number 94, 1988, page 357.

           

143     D. L. Pappas, N. Winograd, and F. M. Kimock, "Characterization of Atoms Desorbed From Surfaces By Energetic Ion Bombardment Using Multiphoton Ionization Detection", in The Handbook of Ion Beam Processing Technology, J. J. Cuomo, S. M. Rossnagel and H. R. Kaufmann, Eds., Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, New Jersey, 1988, page 128.

           

142     C. T. Reimann, K. Walzl, M. El-Maazawi, D. M. Deaven, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "KeV Ar-Ion-Induced Neutral Atom Desorption from Rh{331}: Relation of Angular Distribution to Surface Structure", J. Chem. Phys. 89, 2539 (1988).

           

141     Rik Blumenthal, S. K. Donner, J. L. Herman, Rajender Trehan, K. P. Caffey, B. D. Weaver, Ehud Furman and Nicholas Winograd, "Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopic Studies of the Atomic Geometry of GaAs(110)", J. Vac. Sci. Tech. B 6, 1444 (1988).

           

140     R. J. Levis, J. Zhicheng and N. Winograd, "Evidence for Activation of the C-O Bond of Methanol on the Pd{111} Surface after Low Temperature Adsorption", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 110, 4431 (1988).

           

139     G. P. Malafsky and N. Winograd, "Transport Optics for a Space Charge Broadening Ion Beam", Rev. Sci. Instru. 59, 1294 (1988).

           

138     C. C. Chang, N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Model Studies of Particle/Solid Interactions", Surf. Sci. 202, 309 (1988).

           

137     D. Y. Lo, T. A. Tombrello, M. H. Shapiro, B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd and D. E. Harrison, Jr., "Theoretical Studies of Ion Bombardment: Many-Body Interactions", J. Vac. Sci. Tech. A 6(3), 708 (1988).

           

136     R. J. Levis, Z. C. Jiang, and N. Winograd, "An Ultrahigh Vacuum Study of the Production of Methanol on Pd{111}", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS VI), John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1988, page 1045.

           

135     C. T. Reimann, K. Walzl, M. El-Maazawi, B. J. Garrison, and N. Winograd, "The Effect of Adsorbates on the Angular Patterns of Ion-Induced Rh Atom Ejection from Rh{111}: Surface Structure Determinations", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS VI), John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1988, page 1037.

           

134     B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd, D. M. Deaven, C. T. Reimann, D. Y. Lo, T. A. Tombrello, D. E. Harrison, Jr. and M. H. Shapiro, "Many-body Interactions for Theoretical Studies of KeV Particle Bombardment", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS VI), John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1988, page 37.

           

133     B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd, D. M. Deaven, C. T. Reimann, D. Y. Lo, T. A. Tombrello, D. E. Harrison, Jr. and M. H. Shapiro, "Many-body Embedded-Atom Potential for Describing the Energy and Angular Distributions of Rh Atoms Desorbed from Ion-Bombarded Rh{111}", Phys. Rev. B 37, 7197 (1988).


132     R. Levis, N. Winograd and L. A. DeLouise, "The Influence of Surface Atomic Steps on Site-Selective Adsorption Processes. Ethylidyne Formation on Rh{111} and Rh{331}", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 109, 6873 (1987).

           

131     B. J. Garrison, C. T. Reimann, N. Winograd, and D. E. Harrison, Jr., "Energy and Angular Distributions of Rh Atoms Ejected due to Ion Bombardment from Rh{111}: A Theoretical Study", Phys. Rev. B 36, 3516 (1987).

           

130     D. Y. Lo, M. H. Shapiro, T. A. Tombrello, B. J. Garrison, and N. Winograd, "Simulation Studies of Collision Cascades in Liquid Targets", Proceedings of Materials Research Society Meeting 74, 449 (1987).

           

129     C. C. Chang, G. P. Malafsky, and N. Winograd, "Shadow-cone Enhanced Desorption with Angle-Resolved SIMS Detection", J. Vac. Sci. Tech. A 5, 981 (1987).

           

128     J. Singh, C. T. Reimann, J. P. Baxter, G. A. Schick, P. H. Kobrin, B. J. Garrison, and N. Winograd, "Detection of Neutral Atoms Sputtered from Ion-Bombarded Single Crystal Surfaces Rh{111} and p(2x2) O/Rh{111}: Ejection Mechanism and Surface Structure Determinations from Energy- and Angle-Resolved Measurements", J. Vac. Sci. Tech. A 5, 1191 (1987).

           

127     N. Winograd, "Surface Studies Using Particle Beam Induced Desorption and Multiphoton Resonance Ionization", Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy, Institute of Physics Conference Series Number 84, 1986, page 145.

           

126     B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd, D. Lo, T. A. Tombrello, M. H. Shapiro, and D. E. Harrison, Jr., "Energy Cost to Sputter an Atom from a Surface in keV Ion Bombardment Processes", Surf. Sci. 180, L129 (1987).

           

125     B. I. Craig, J. P. Baxter, J. Singh, G. A. Schick, P. H. Kobrin, N. Winograd, and B. J. Garrison, "Deexcitation Model for sputtered Neutral Atoms", Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 1351 (1986).

           

124     J. P. Baxter, J. Singh, G. A. Schick, P. H. Kobrin, and N. Winograd, "Energy and Angle-Resolved Studies of Neutrals Desorbed from Ion Bombarded Polycrystalline Metal Surfaces", Nuclear Instrum. and Methods B 17, 300 (1986).

           

123     E. J. Karwacki and N. Winograd, "A SIMS Study of the Catalytic Oxidation of Methanol on Cu{110}", J. Vac. Sci. Tech. 4, 1433 (1986).

           

122     N. Winograd, P. H. Kobrin, G. A. Schick, J. Singh, J. P. Baxter and B. J. Garrison, "Energy and Angle-Resolved Detection of Neutral Atoms Desorbed from Ion Bombarded Single Crystals. Rh{111} and p(2x2)O/Rh{111}", Surf. Sci. Lett. 176, L817 (1986).

           

121     D. W. Moon, R. J. Bleiler and N. Winograd, "Coverage Dependent Structural Changes During Chlorine Adsorption on Ag{110}", J. Chem. Phys. 85, 1097 (1986).

           

120     M. P. Kaminsky, N. Winograd, G. L. Geoffroy and M. A. Vannice, "Direct SIMS Observation of Methylidyne, Methylidene and Methyl Intermediates on a Ni(111) Methanation Catalyst", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 108, 1315 (1986).

           

119     P. H. Kobrin, G. A. Schick, J. P. Baxter and N. Winograd, "A Detector for Measuring Energy- and Angle-Resolved Neutral-Particle (EARN) Distributions for Material Desorbed from Bombarded Surfaces", Rev. Sci. Instru. 57, 1354 (1986).

           

118     E. White, L. A. DeLouise and N. Winograd, "SIMS/XPS Studies of Surface Reactions on Rh(111) and Rh(331)", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry-SIMS V, Springer Series in Chemical Physics 44, 219 (1986).

           

117     D. W. Moon, R. J. Bleiler, C. C. Chang and N. Winograd, "Energy and Angle-Resolved SIMS Studies of Cl2 Adsorption on Ag{110}; Evidence for Coverage Dependent Electronic Structure Rearrangement", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry-SIMS V, Springer Series in Chemical Physics 44, 225 (1986).

           

116     G. A. Schick, J. P. Baxter, J. Singh, P. H. Kobrin and N. Winograd, "Multi-Photon Resonance Ionization of Emitted Particles", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry-SIMS V, Springer Series in Chemical Physics 44, 90 (1986).

           

115     J. P. Baxter, G. A. Schick, J. Subbiah-Singh, P. H. Kobrin and N. Winograd, "Angular Distributions of Sputtered Particles", J. Vac. Sci. Tech. 3, 1218 (1986).

           

114     F. M. Kimock, D. L. Pappas, and N. Winograd, "Matrix Effects on the Electronic Partitioning of Iron Atoms Desorbed from Surfaces by Energetic Ion Bombardment", Anal. Chem. 57, 2669 (1985).

           

113     N. Winograd, "Ion Beam Techniques", in New Directions in Chemical Analysis, B. L. Shapiro, Ed., Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas, 1985, page 263.

           

112     N. Winograd, "Fundamental Aspects of Energetic Particle/Solid Interactions", Scanning Electron Microscopy III 1985, 919 (1985).

           

111     N. Winograd, "Angle-resolved Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry", in Desorption Mass Spectrometry: Are SIMS and FAB the Same?, ACS Symposium Series 291, P. A. Lyon, Ed., Washington D.C., 1985, page 83.

           

110     L. A. DeLouise and N. Winograd, "Adsorption and Desorption of NO From Rh{111} and Rh{331} Surfaces", Surf. Sci. 159, 199 (1985).

           

109     D. W. Moon, N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Vertical Channeling of Pyridine Molecules Ejected in Ion Bombardment Experiments", Chem. Phys. Lett. 114, 237 (1985).

           

108     C. C. Chang, L. A. DeLouise, N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Velocity Dependence of Azimuthal Anisotropies in Ion Scattering from Rhodium{111}", Surf. Sci. 154, 22 (1985).

           

107     L. A. DeLouise and N. Winograd, "Reduction of Nitric Oxide on the Carbon Pretreated Rh{331} Single Crystal Surface; Evidence for Molecular CN- Formation", Surf. Sci. 154, 79 (1985).

           

106     F. M. Kimock, J. P. Baxter, D. L. Pappas, P. H. Kobrin and N. Winograd, "Solid Analysis Using Energetic Ion Bombardment and Multiphoton Resonance Ionization", Anal. Chem. 56, 2782 (1984).

           

105     N. Winograd, "Ion Beam Studies of Surfaces by Multiphoton Resonance Ionization of Sputtered Neutrals", in Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy, Institute of Physics Conference Series Number 71, 1984, page 161.

           

104     L. A. DeLouise, E. White and N. Winograd, "Characterization of CO Binding Sites on Rh{111} and Rh{331} Surfaces by XPS and LEED: Comparison to EELS Results", Surf. Sci. 147, 252 (1984).

           

103     N. Winograd, "Ion Beam Studies of Surfaces by Multiphoton Resonance Ionization of Sputtered Neutrals", Symposium on Atomic and Surface Physics (SASP), Maria Alm, Austria, 1984, page 268.

           

102     F. M. Kimock, J. P. Baxter, D. L. Pappas, P. H. Kobrin, and N. Winograd, "Detection of Sputtered Neutrals by Multiphoton Ionization", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry-SIMS IV, Springer Series in Chemical Physics 36, 62 (1984).

           

101     K. E. Foley, N. Winograd, B. J. Garrison and D. E. Harrison, Jr., "A SIMS and Classical Dynamics Study of the Chemsorption of CO on Ni{7 9 11}", J. Chem. Phys. 80, 5254 (1984).

           

100     L. A. DeLouise and N. Winograd, "Carbon Monoxide Adsorption and Desorption on Rh{111} and Rh{331} Surfaces", Surf. Sci. 138, 417 (1984).

           

99       J. S. Hammond and N. Winograd, "ESCA and Electrode Surface Chemistry", in Comprehensive Treatise on Electrochemistry, Vol. 8, Chapter 8, R. E. White, J. O'M. Bockris, B. E. Conway and E. Yeager, Ed., Plenum Publishers, New York, 1984, page 445.

           

98       N. Winograd, "Thin Film Electrodes", in Laboratory Techniques in Electroanalytical Chemistry, P. T. Kissinger, Ed., Marcel Dekker, New York, 1984, page 321.

           

97       F. M. Kimock, J. P. Baxter, D. L. Pappas, P. H. Kobrin and N. Winograd, "Examination of Excited State Populations in Using Multiphoton Resonance Ionization", in Analytical Spectroscopy 26th ORNL Conference on Analytical Chemistry in Energy Technology, Knoxville, TN, 1983, page 179.

           

96       N. Winograd, "Angle-Resolved Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry", in Chemistry and Physics of Solid Surfaces V, Springer Series in Chemical Physics 35, 403 (1984).

           

95       F. M. Kimock, J. P. Baxter, P. H. Kobrin, D. L. Pappas and N. Winograd, "Trace Analysis of Solid Surfaces by Combination of Energetic Ion Bombardment and Multiphoton Resonance Ionization", SPIE Proceedings 426, 24 (1983).

           

94       F. M. Kimock, J. P. Baxter and N. Winograd, "Detection of Sputtered Neutrals by Multiphoton Resonance Ionization", Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research 218, 287 (1983).

           

93       D. W. Moon and N. Winograd, "On the Mechanism of Fragmentation of Organic Molecules During keV Particle Bombardment", Int. J. Mass. Spectrom. Ion Phys. 51, 217 (1983).

           

92       D. W. Moon, R. J. Bleiler, E. J. Karwacki and N. Winograd, "Angle-Resolved SIMS Studies of Organic Monolayers on Ag(111)" J. Am. Chem. Soc. 105, 2916 (1983).

           

91       F. M. Kimock, J. P. Baxter and N. Winograd, "Ion and Neutral Yields from Ion Bombarded Metal Surfaces During Chemisorption using Low Dose SIMS and Multiphoton Resonance Ionization", Surf. Sci. Lett. 124, 41 (1983).

           

90       B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Theoretical Aspects of Cluster Formation by keV Bombardment of Rare Gas Solids", Chem. Phys. Lett. 97, 381 (1983).

           

89       E. J. Karwacki and N. Winograd, "Investigation of Adsorption of Benzene on Nickel(001) by Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry", Anal. Chem. 55, 790 (1983).

           

88       K. E. Foley and N. Winograd, "Primary Ion Beam Energy Effects on Secondary Ion Emission from Ni(001)c(2x2)-CO: Classical Dynamics Calculations and SIMS", Surf. Sci. 122, 541 (1982).

           

87       N. Winograd, J. P. Baxter, and F. M. Kimock, "Multiphoton Resonance Ionization of Sputtered Neutrals: A Novel Approach to Materials Characterization", Chem. Phys. Lett. 88, 581 (1982).

           

86       B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Ion Beam Spectroscopy of Solids and Surfaces", Science 216, 805 (1982).

           

85       K. E. Foley and N. Winograd, "A Static SIMS Study of the Chemisorption of CO on Ni(111)", Surf. Sci. 116, 1 (1982).

           

84       R. A. Gibbs, S. W. Holland, K. E. Foley, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Energy- and Angle-resolved SIMS Investigation of Ni(001)-Carbon Monoxide System", J. Chem. Phys. 76, 684 (1982).

           

83       N. Winograd, "Characterization of Solids and Surfaces Using Ion Beams and Mass Spectrometry", Progress in Solid State Chemistry 13, 285 (1982).

           

82       R. A. Gibbs, S. P. Holland, K. E. Foley, B. J. Garrison, and N. Winograd, "The Image Potential and Ion Trajectories in SIMS" Phys. Rev. B15 24, 6178 (1981).

           

81       R. A. Gibbs and N. Winograd, "Design and Performance of an Energy- and Angle-Resolved Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometer", Rev. Sci. Instru. 52, 1148 (1981).

           

80       T. Fleisch, N. Winograd, and W. N. Delgass, "SIMS/XPS Study of CO Adsorption on Ni and of Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis on FeRu Alloys", Surf. and Interface Anal. 3, 23 (1981).

           

79       N. Winograd and B. J. Garrison, "Surface Structure Determination with Ion Beams", Accts. Chem. Res. 13, 406 (1980).

           

78       N. Winograd, S. P. Holland, K. E. Foley, and R. A. Gibbs, "Determination of Surface Structures with Ion Beams", Le Vide, Les Couches Minces 201, 427 (1980).

           

77       R. A. Gibbs, N. Winograd and V. Y. Young, "X-ray Photoemission Studies of Atom Implanted Matrices: Ni in Carbon", J. Chem. Phys. 72, 4799 (1980).

           

76       G. J. Slusser and N. Winograd, "SIMS/XPS Study of CO Chemisorption on Polycrystalline Pd, Ag, and a PdAg Alloy", Surf. Sci. 95, 53 (1980).

           

75       R. W. Hewitt and N. Winograd, "Oxidation of Polycrystalline Indium Studied by XPS and Static SIMS", J. Appl. Phys. 51, 2620 (1980).

           

74       K. M. Kadish, L. A. Bottomley, J. G. Brace and N. Winograd, "X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopic Studies on Monomeric and Dimeric Iron Porphyrins", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 102, 4341 (1980).

           

73       A. M. Dennis, R. A. Howard, K. M. Kadish, J. L. Bear, J. G. Brace and N. Winograd, "X-ray Photoelectron Spectra of Some Dirhodium Carboxylate Complexes", Inorg. Chim. Acta. Lett. 44, L139 (1980).

           

72       S. P. Holland, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Azimuthal Anisotropies of Dimer Ions Ejected from Ion Bombarded Ni(001)", Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 756 (1980).

           

71       N. Winograd, B. J. Garrison and D. E. Harrison, Jr., "Mechanisms of CO Ejection from Ion Bombarded Single Crystal Surfaces", J. Chem. Phys. 73, 3473 (1980).

           

70       N. Winograd and S. W. Gaarenstroom, "X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy", in Physical Methods in Modern Chemical Analysis, Vol II., T. Kuwana, Ed., Academic Press, New York, 1980, page 115.

           

69       D. E. Harrison, Jr., B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Atom Ejection Mechanisms and Models", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry-SIMS II, Springer Series in Chemical Physics 9, 12 (1979).

           

68       N. Winograd, "The Dynamics of Ion-Solid Interactions. A Basis for Understanding SIMS", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry-SIMS II, Springer Series in Chemical Physics 9, 2 (1979).

           

67       S. P. Holland, N. Winograd, and B. J. Garrison, "Angle-Resolved SIMS - A New Technique for the Determination of Surface Structure", in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry-SIMS II, Springer Series in Chemical Physics 9, 44 (1979).

           

66       R. W. Hewitt, A. T. Shepard, W. E. Baitinger, N. Winograd, and W. N. Delgass, "A Combined XPS-SIMS Instrument for Surface Studies", Rev. Sci. Instr. 50, 2386 (1979).

           

65       N. Winograd, "Electron Spectroscopy: Theory, Techniques and Applications", Vol. 1, edited by C. R. Brundle and A. D. Baker, Academic Press, N.Y., J. Electron. Spectrosc. 14, (1979). A book review.

           

64       N. Winograd, K. E. Foley, B. J. Garrison and D. E. Harrison, Jr., "Evidence for a Recombination Mechanism of Cluster Formation from Ion Bombarded Surfaces", Phys. Lett. 73A, 253 (1979).

           

63       S. P. Holland, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Surface Structure from Angle-Resolved SIMS. Oxygen on Cu(00l)", Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 220 (1979).

           

62       B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd, and D. E. Harrison, Jr., "Classical Trajectory Calculations of the Energy Distribution of Ejected Atoms from Ion Bombarded Single Crystals", Surf. Sci. 87, 101 (1979).

           

61       V. Y. Young, R. A. Gibbs and N. Winograd, "X-ray Photoemission Studies of Atom Implanted Matrices: Cu, Ag, and Au in SiO2", J. Chem. Phys. 70, 5714 (1979).

           

60       D. K. Lavallee, J. G. Brace and N. Winograd, "X-ray Photoelectron Spectra of N-methyltetraphenylporphrin: The Free Base, Diacid Cation and Complexes", Inorg. Chem. 18, 1776 (1979).

           

59       N. Winograd, B. J. Garrison, T. Fleisch, W. N. Delgass and D. E. Harrison, Jr., "Particle Ejection from Ion Bombarded Clean and Reacted Single Crystal Surfaces", J. Vac. Sci Tech. 16, 629 (1979).

           

58       B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd and D. E. Harrison, Jr., "Ejection of Molecular Clusters from Ion Bombarded Surfaces", J. Vac. Sci. Tech. 16, 789 (1979).

           

57       G. J. Slusser and N. Winograd, "Surface Segregation of PdAg Alloys Induced by Argon Ion Bombardment", Surf. Sci. 84, 211 (1979).

           

56       T. Fleisch, G. L. Ott, W. N. Delgass and N. Winograd, "Chemisorption of CO on Ni(100) by SIMS and XPS", Surf. Sci. 81, 1 (1979).

           

55       G. L. Ott, W. N. Delgass, N. Winograd and W. E. Baitinger, "X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy/Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry of Alloy Catalysts", J. Catalysis 56, 174 (1979).

           

54       A. Shepard, R. W. Hewitt, W. E. Baitinger, G. J. Slusser, N. Winograd, G. L. Ott, and W. N. Delgass, "XPS and SIMS: A Multi-technique Approach to Surface Analysis", in Quantitative Surface Analysis of Materials, ASTM STP 643, N. S. McIntyre, Ed., 1978, page 187.

           

53       B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd and D. E. Harrison, Jr., "Atomic and Molecular Ejection from Ion Bombarded Reacted Single Crystal Surfaces. Oxygen on Copper (100)", Phys. Rev. B18, 6000 (1978).

           

52       D. E. Harrison, Jr., B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Computer Simulation of Sputtering", Proceedings of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, St. Louis, Missouri, 1978.

           

51       R. W. Hewitt and N. Winograd, "Investigation of the Oxidation of Polycrystalline Lead by XPS and SIMS", Surf. Sci. 78, 1 (1978).

           

50       N. Winograd, D. E. Harrison, Jr., and B. J. Garrison, "Structure Sensitive Factors in the Ion Bombardment of Single Crystal Surfaces", Surf. Sci. 78, 467 (1978).

           

49       T. Fleisch, W. N. Delgass and N. Winograd, "Chemisorption of Oxygen on Ni(l00) by XPS and SIMS", Surf. Sci. 78, 141 (1978).

           

48       N. Winograd, B. J. Garrison and D. E. Harrison, Jr., "Angular Distributions of Ejected Particles from Ion Bombarded Clean and Reacted Single Crystal Surfaces", Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1120 (1978).

           

47       T. Fleisch, A. T. Shepard, T. Y. Ridley, W. E. Vaughn, N. Winograd, W. E. Baitinger, G. L. Ott and W. N. Delgass, "System for Transferring Samples Between Chambers in UHV", J. Vac. Sci. Tech. 15, 1756 (1978).

           

46       B. J. Garrison, N. Winograd and D. E. Harrison, Jr., "Formation of Small Metal Clusters by Ion Bombardment of Single Crystal Surfaces", J. Chem. Phys. 69, 1440 (1978).

           

45       D. E. Harrison, Jr., P. W. Kelly, B. J. Garrison and N. Winograd, "Low Energy Ion Impact Phenomena on Single Crystal Surfaces", Surf. Sci. 76, 311 (1978).

           

44       R. W. Hewitt, A. Shepard, W. E. Baitinger, G. L. Ott, W. N. Delgass and N. Winograd, "Characterization of Metal Surfaces by SIMS and XPS", Anal. Chem. 50, 1286 (1978).

           

43       J. G. Brace, F. K. Fong, D. H. Karweik, V. J. Koester, A. Shepard, and N. Winograd, "Stoichiometric Determination of Chlorophyll a-Water Aggregates And Photosynthesis. Symbiotic Roles of the Magnesium Atom and the Ring V Cyclopentanone Group in the Structural and Photochemical Properties of Chlorophyll a Monohydrate and Dihydrate", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 100, 5203 (1978).

           

42       V. Y. Young, R. A. Gibbs, K. S. Kim and N. Winograd, "X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopic Studies of Atom Implanted Solids: Ag and Au in SiO2", Chem. Phys. Lett. 54, 378 (1978).

           

41       A. Shepard, R. W. Hewitt, W. E. Baitinger, W. N. Delgass and N. Winograd, "Quantitative Surface Studies with X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS)", VII International Conference on Solid Surfaces Proceedings, Vienna, Austria, 1977, page 2217.

           

40       S. W. Gaarenstroom and N. Winograd, "Initial and Final State Effects in the ESCA Spectra of Cadmium and Silver Oxides", J. Chem. Phys. 67, 3500 (1977).

           

39       H. Grade, R. G. Cooks and N. Winograd, "Cationization of Organic Molecules in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 99, 7725 (1977).

           

38       J. S. Hammond and N. Winograd, "X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopic Study of Underpotential Depositon of Ag and Cu on Pt Electrodes", J. Electrochem. Soc. 124, 826 (1977).

           

37       J. S. Hammond and N. Winograd, "X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopic Study of Potentiostatic and Galvanostatic Oxidation of Pt Electrodes", J. Electroanal. Chem. 78, 55 (1977).

           

36       J. S. Hammond and N. Winograd, "X-ray Photoelectron and Auger Spectroscopic Evidence of Distinctive Underpotential Deposition States of Ag and Cu on Pt Substrates", Electroanal. Chem. 80, 123 (1977).

           

35       N. Winograd and F. K. Fong, "Reversible Photogalvanic Cells for the Conversion of Solar Radiation into Electricity", Patent 4,022,950 May, 1977.

           

34       L. M. Fetterman, L. Galloway, N. Winograd and F. K. Fong, "The Role of Water in the Photoactivity of Chlorophyll a. In Vitro Experimental Characterization of PSI Light Reaction in Photosynthesis", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 99, 653 (1977).

           

33       N. Winograd, "Photoelectron and Auger Spectroscopy", T. A. Carlson, Plenum Publishers, New York, Anal. Chem. 48, 1088A (1976). A book review.

           

32       A. Shepard, R. W. Hewitt, G. J. Slusser, W. E. Baitinger, N. Winograd, R. G. Cooks, A. Varon, G. Devant and W. N. Delgass, "Detection of High Mass Cluster Ions Sputtered from Bi Surfaces", Chem. Phys. Lett. 44, 371 (1976).

           

31       K. S. Kim, S. W. Gaarenstroom and N. Winograd, "Calculation of L2,3M45M45 Auger Energies of Metallic Ni, Cu, and Zn", Chem. Phys. Lett. 41, 503 (1976).

           

30       K. S. Kim, S. W. Gaarenstroom and N. Winograd, "L3M23M23 Auger Energies of Metallic Ni, Cu, and Zn: Evidence for 3d-4s Admixed Screening on Calculating Relaxation Energies", Phys. Rev. B 14, 2281 (1976).

           

29       N. Winograd, A. Shepard, D. Karweik, V. Koester, and F. K. Fong, "X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopic Studies of the Thermal Stability of Chlorophyll a Monohydrate", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 98, 2369 (1976).

           

28       F. K. Fong and N. Winograd, "In Vitro Solar Conversion after the Primary Light Reaction in Photosynthesis. Reversible Photogalvanic Effects of Chlorophyll-Quinhydrone Half-cell Reactions", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 98, 2287 (1976).

           

27       K. S. Kim, W. E. Baitinger and N. Winograd, "X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopic Studies of PbO Surfaces Bombarded with He+, Ne+, Ar+, Xe+ and Kr+", Surf. Sci. 55, 285 (1976).

           

26       D. H. Karweik and N. Winograd, "Nitrogen Charge Distributions in Free Base Porphyrins, Metalloporphyrins, and Their Reduced Analogues Observed by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy", Inorg. Chem. 15, 2336 (1976).

           

25       J. S. Hammond, S. W. Gaarenstroom and N. Winograd, "X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopic Studies of Cadmium- and Silver-oxygen Surfaces", Anal. Chem. 47, 2193 (1975).

           

24       K. S. Kim and N. Winograd, "Charge Transfer Shake-up Satellites in X-ray Photoelectron Spectra of Cations and Anions of SrTiO3, TiO2, and Sc2O3", Chem. Phys. Lett. 31, 312 (1975).

           

23       K. S. Kim and N. Winograd, "X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopic Binding Energy Shifts Due to Matrix in Alloys and Small Supported Metal Particles", Chem. Phys. Lett. 30, 91 (1975).

           

22       W. E. Baitinger, N. Winograd, J. W. Amy and J. Munarin, "Nichrome Resistor Failures as Studied by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS or ESCA)", in 12th Annual Proceedings of the Reliability Physics, IEE Electron Devices and Reliability Groups, 1974, page 1.

           

21       K. S. Kim, C. D. Sell and N. Winograd, "ESCA Studies of Metal and Metal Electrode Surfaces", in Proceedings of the Symposium on Electrocatalysis, The Electrochemical Society, M. W. Breiter, Ed., 1974, page 242.

           

20       T. Kuwana and N. Winograd, "Spectroelectrochemistry at Optically Transparent Electrodes. I. Electrodes under Semi-Infinite Diffusions Conditions", in Electroanalytical Chemistry, Marcel-Dekker, 7, A. J. Bard, Ed., 1974.

           

19       K. S. Kim and N. Winograd, "X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopic Studies of Ruthenium-oxygen Surfaces", J. Catalysis 35, 66 (1974).

           

18       N. Winograd, W. E. Baitinger, J. W. Amy and J. Munarin, "X-ray Photoelectron Studies of Interactions in Multicomponent Metal and Metal Oxide Thin Films", Science 184, 565 (1974).

           

17       K. S. Kim and N. Winograd, "X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopic Studies of Nickel-oxygen Surfaces Using Oxygen and Argon Ion Bombardment", Surf. Sci. 43, 625 (1974).

           

16       K. S. Kim, W. E. Baitinger, J. W. Amy and N. Winograd, "ESCA Studies of Metal-oxygen Surfaces Using Argon and Oxygen Ion-Bombardment", J. Electron Spectrosc. 5, 351 (1974).

           

15       D. Karweik, N. Winograd, D. G. Davis and K. M. Kadish, "X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopic Studies of Silver (III) Octaethylporphyrin", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 96, 591 (1974).

           

14       K. S. Kim, A. F. Gossman and N. Winograd, "X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopic Studies of Palladium Oxides and the Palladium-Oxygen Electrode", Anal. Chem. 46, 197 (1974).

           

13       N. Winograd, "An Implicit Finite Difference Method. Simulation of Spectroelectrochemical Working Curves", J. Electroanal. Chem. 43, 1 (1973).

           

12       K. S. Kim, T. J. O'Leary and N. Winograd, "X-ray Photoelectron Spectra of Lead Oxides", Anal. Chem. 45, 2214 (1973).

           

11       K. S. Kim and N. Winograd, "Observation of Polymorphic Lead Monoxide Surfaces Using X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy", Chem. Phys. Lett. 19, 209 (1973).

           

10       N. Winograd, "Electronics for Both the Novice and the Experienced", Anal. Chem. 45, (1973) p. 905, a review of Analog and Digital Electronics for Scientists by Basil H. Vassos and Galen W. Ewing, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York.

 

9          J. E. Davis and N. Winograd, "Application of Coulostatic Charge Injection Techniques to Improve Potentiostat Risetimes", Anal. Chem. 44, 2152 (1972).

           

8          K. S. Kim, N. Winograd and R. E. Davis, "Electron Spectroscopy of Platinum-Oxygen Surfaces and Application to Electrochemical Studies", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 93, 6296 (1971).

           

7          N. Winograd and T. Kuwana, "Homogeneous Electron-Transfer Reactions Studied by Internal Reflection Spectroelectrochemistry", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 93, 4343 (1971).

           

6          N. Winograd and T. Kuwana, "High Sensitivity Internal Reflection Spectroelectrochemistry for Director Monitoring of Diffusing Species using Signal Averaging", Anal. Chem. 43, 252 (1971).

           

5          N. Winograd and T. Kuwana, "Evaluation of Fast Homogeneous Electron-Exchange Reaction Rates Using Electrochemistry and Reflection Spectroscopy", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 92, 224 (1970).

           

4          H. N. Blount, N. Winograd, and T. Kuwana, "Spectroelectrochemical Measurements of Second Order Catalytic Reaction Rates Using Signal Averaging", J. Phys. Chem. 74, 323l (1970).

           

3          R. G. Canham, D. A. Aikens, N. Winograd and G. Mazepa, "Mechanism of Polarographic Reduction of Germanium (IV) in Acidic Catechol Medium", J. Phys. Chem. 74, 1082 (1970).

           

2          N. Winograd, H. N. Blount and T. Kuwana, "Spectroelectrochemical Measurement of Chemical Reaction Rates. First Order Catalytic Processes", J. Phys. Chem. 73, 3456 (1969).

           

1          N. Winograd and T. Kuwana, "Characteristics of The Electrode-Solution Interface Under Faradaic and Non-faradaic Conditions as Observed by Internal Reflection Spectroscopy", J. Electroanal. Chem. 23, 333 (1969).