Educational Outcomes Alumni Survey
Survey Results
03/07/96


MINORITY - NON-MINORITY DIFFERENCES

Ethnic code status of sample:

Minority - non-minority results are similar in many ways; interesting differences follow.

Functioning in a culturally diverse society

                                                     White           Minority
                                                     -----           --------  
                                 Importance           4.0               4.5                            
                                 Effectiveness        3.3               3.2                            
                                 "Gap"                -.7              -1.3
(Other large "gap" factors were similar for white and minority alumni: speaking, writing, computers, making moral decisions)

                                                        White          Minority
                                                        -----          -------- 
  Worked on a project using a computer                   3.9              4.4
  Worked on a project with another student               3.6              3.9
  Went to museums, concerts, or exhibits                 2.7              3.0
  Volunteered for community service                      2.1              2.5

                                                        White           Minority
                                                        -----           -------- 
  Know zero faculty members well enough to ask for       15%              8%
  a letter of recommendation
  Average "effectiveness" for 19 items                   3.5              3.5
  If starting college again, would attend Penn State     84%              68%                            

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