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Donor gives $5 million
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Gifts of $1 million or more
Student-athletes post high GPAs
No time to waste
Report on college costs
Black History Month
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|Penn State news bureau|
Craig R. Baumrucker, professor of animal nutrition-physiology, to study new molecular biology techniques.
Cathy F. Bowen, assistant professor of agricultural and extension education, to study, practice and expand consumer knowledge and skills, especially those related to personal finance.
Dennis R. Buckmaster, associate professor of agricultural engineering, to enhance educational programs to meet industry needs, foster industry collaboration in research and develop educational outreach programs.
John W. Comerford, associate professor of dairy and animal science, to collaborate with scientists in studies to characterize the genotype of the Irish beef herd and determine its effectiveness in searching product targets of Irish beef alliances.
William S. Curran, associate professor of weed science, to study and participate in weed biology research, educational programs and biological control research.
Nancy E. Grotevant, county extension director and extension agent (Pike County), to complete course work for a master's degree in health education.
James M. Hamlett, associate professor of agricultural engineering, to collaborate with educators, scientists and students to assess and identify the extent of nonpoint pollution as it affects water quality; and to conduct research.
Gregory D. Hanson, associate professor of agricultural economics, to develop a public/private outreach education approach to farm management extension, and evaluate a United Nations funded project working with small farms.
James W. Hilton, associate professor of agricultural engineering and agricultural education, to gain experience in the agricultural machinery industry, including state, district and national training in technical and management areas.
William R. Hosler, associate extension agent (Huntingdon County), to complete course work for a master's degree in rural sociology.
Albert E. Luloff, professor of rural sociology, to conduct collaborative studies designed to generate a better understanding of community well-being and its relationship to population and economic change in rural and small towns.
Alan A. MacNab, professor of plant pathology, to study new methods of forecasting and managing vegetable diseases, especially those associated with tomatoes.
Wayne L. Myers, associate professor of forest biometrics and program director of the Office for Remote Sensing of Earth Resources, to develop a mapping framework of ecological land-type units and land-type associations for the state forests of Pennsylvania that has consensus support across the Pennsylvania Bureau of Forestry and is extendible to encompass all lands of the Commonwealth.
Nina L. Redding, extension agent (Adams County), to complete course work for a master's degree in training and development.
Dennis C. Scanlon, professor of agricultural and extension education, to study the efficacy of two alternative delivery models for agricultural education with audiences in a multicultural setting.
Jan F. Scholl, associate professor of agricultural and extension education, to conduct collaborative studies on the new national trends related to curriculum development, funding and distribution of curriculum.
Stephen M. Smith, professor of agricultural economics, to conduct collaborative studies on the market potential for traditional Andean tuber and grain crops by surveying consumers in different socioeconomic neighborhood markets in three Peruvian cities.
Richard H. Yahner, professor of wild-life conservation, to write a book on conservation and ecology of mammals.
Daniel C. Armstrong, professor of music, to produce new arrangements of early 20th century works for mallet and percussion ensemble and to record new works commissioned by and for the Armstrong Flute and Percussion Duo.
Paul E. Bolin, associate professor of art education, to study the inclusion of drawing as an academic subject of study in the public schools of New England during the late 19th century.
James P. Lyon, associate professor of music, to conduct interviews with concertmasters of major symphony orchestras in the United States on the background and training required for a successful career as an orchestral concertmaster of a major symphony orchestra.
Sallie M. McCorkle, associate professor of art, to complete a collaborative project on the creation of a system that functions as art, explores computer technology and provides the participant with a new metaphoric doorway in a more romantic, rich and interactive experience of travel.
Jane Ridley, associate professor of theatre arts, to undertake advanced professional study of theatrical collaboration in London; to see performances developed collaboratively in major European cities; and to perform in a new play.
Jean M. Sanders, associate professor of art, to complete a suite of 10 fine art prints that explore an interest in yoga in more depth and to record images of the landscape, architecture and people through the use of a digital camera and laptop computer.
Elizabeth B. Smith, associate professor of art history, to conduct an analysis of the domical vault in Italian Gothic architecture, with special focus on the interrelation between structure and design.
Thomas G. Yahner, associate professor of landscape architecture, to explore the integration of landscape history with the computer-based method of landscape analysis known as Geographic Information Systems.
M. Daniel Yoder, professor of music, to write musical compositions and arrangements for saxophone ensembles of various sizes.
Gary E. Bolton, associate professor of management science, to conduct collaborative research on motivation in bargaining and other situations involving strategic conflict.
Daniel J. Brass, professor of organizational behavior, to conduct collaborative research on social networks.
Jane F. Mutchler, Arthur Andersen professor of accounting, to serve in a faculty residency position and learn the new audit approach.
Jerry C. Olson, chair of the Department of Marketing and The Earl P. Strong executive education professor of business administration, to serve as a visiting scholar and work on two books on deep analysis of consumers and marketing strategy.
Arnold F. Shapiro, professor and Robert G. Schwartz University Endowed Fellow of business administration and director of the Risk Management Research Center, to develop an interactive multimedia facility which gives Penn State actuarial science and insurance students just-in-time access to prominent researchers on a worldwide basis.
Harish Sujan, associate professor of marketing, to conduct collaborative research on salespeople's stress and happiness.
Mita Sujan, professor of marketing and Charles and Lillian Binder Faculty Fellow, to engage in a study on new product development.
Mary S. Mander, associate professor of communications, to complete a book-length manuscript on the history of the press in wartime, specifically for the period of time from the War of 1898 through the Vietnam War of the modern period.
Altaf H. Carim, associate professor of materials science and engineering, to conduct collaborative research on crystallographic analysis of novel materials and related topics.
Amy K. Glasmeier, professor of geography and regional planning, to write a major collaborative research proposal, complete a book manuscript and a textbook, and write a series of journal articles that synthesize research on the development effects of economic globalization.
Sanat K. Kumar, professor of materials science and engineering, to conduct collaborative research on the characterization and modeling of macromolecular systems.
Alan M. MacEachren, professor of geography, to investigate the potential for new computer representation forms and visualization tools to facilitate an understanding of georeferenced information and to explore the influence on how science and society construct knowledge.
Merrilea J. Mayo, associate professor of materials science and engineering, to serve as a Congressional Fellow in a program which pairs scientists with congressmen to work on matters of science policy at the federal level.
Ljubisa R. Radovic, associate professor of fuel science, to conduct collaborative research on environmental applications of carbon-based materials and to complete a textbook on energy and fuels.
Dorothy H. Evensen, associate professor of education, to conduct collaborative research that will design and evaluate new curricula to facilitate student learning of legal discourse.
Henry A. Giroux, Waterbury chair professor in secondary education and professor of education, to conduct research and edit a book on internationally regarded educator Paulo Freire, and to complete a book on the crisis of youth and the politics of representation.
Aaron D. Gresson III, professor of education, to collect materials for completion of a textbook in foundations of education.
Kyle L. Peck, associate professor of education, to study the transformation of public education and the roles modern computer-based technologies might play in this transformation.
Russell R. Barton, associate professor of industrial engineering, to link research activities in Penn State's Intelligent Design and Diagnostics Research Laboratory with the Laboratoire Productique at Logistique at Ecole Centrale Paris.
Craig A. Bernecker, associate professor of architectural engineering, to develop a comprehensive distance learning program in illumination engineering for the state of California.
Cengiz Camci, associate professor of aerospace engineering, to conduct research in propulsion heat transfer problems and to complete a book on liquid crystal thermography.
Paul H. Cohen, professor of industrial engineering, to study rapid prototyping and solid freeform manufacturing technologies, participate in a research project involving rapid prototyping and manufacturing of biomedical surgical implants, study and participate in concurrent engineering and develop course materials in rapid prototyping.
Ronald P. Danner, professor of chemical engineering, to study the thermodynamics of polymer solutions and phase equilibria of complex systems.
Christopher J. Duffy, associate professor of civil engineering, to write a book on dynamic hydrologic systems and to conduct research on environmental modeling in large-scale river basins.
Kristen A. Fichthorn, associate professor of chemical engineering, to study density-functional theory of chemical bonding at surfaces and subsequently apply the theory to thin-film epitaxy.
Stephen J. Fonash, professor of engineering science; distinguished professor; and director of the Electronic Materials and Processing Research Laboratory, to develop an undergraduate textbook for microelectronics and photonics based on an integrated teaching software approach.
Gennady Gildenblat, professor of electrical engineering, to conduct collaborative research on compact mosfet models for circuit simulators.
Thomas F. Keefe, associate professor of computer science and engineering, to study problems related to secure interoperation and methods for verification and validation of secure systems.
Jack V. Matson, professor of civil engineering and director of the Leonhard Center, to serve as a senior Fulbright chair and teach at the Technical University of Lisbon and conduct research on energy, environment and sustainability at Rice University.
Philip J. Morris, Boeing professor of aerospace engineering and director of the Institute for High-Performance Computing Applications, to conduct research on the simulation of airframe noise using parallel computers.
C. Russell Philbrick, professor of electrical engineering, to
develop remote sensing techniques and subsequently apply the technology
to answer the critical
question regarding atmospheric pollution.
Asok Ray, professor of mechanical engineering, to conduct research in the evolving field of life-extending control of aircraft structures and engines.
Raymond W. Regan Sr., professor of civil engineering, to serve as a Fulbright scholar and conduct research and teach on the technical options available to industries in Portugal for approaching environmental and energy sustainability by greater reliance on natural systems.
Joseph L. Rose, Paul Morrow professorship in engineering design and manufacturing, to study ultrasonic guided waves and nondestructive evaluation for power and chemical plant safety research and development; establish international cooperation and cofunding possibilities; and enhance ongoing graduate and undergraduate education.
Victor W. Sparrow, associate professor of acoustics, to conduct collaborative research on virtual acoustics; and to apply the techniques of fuzzy structures to aircraft interior noise problems.
Martin W. Tretheway, professor of mechanical engineering, to conduct research to develop dynamic models of mechanical systems based on experimental data.
Leann L. Birch, professor and head of the Department of Human Development and Family Studies, to write and conduct collaborative research on the developing controls of food intake in childhood.
Janice L. Dreachslin, associate professor of health policy and administration at Penn State Great Valley, to study the influence of race, gender and other dimensions of diversity on opportunities for career advancement; employee perception of organizational culture and climate; and to compile case studies of health care.
Craig S. Edelbrock, professor of human development, to develop new teaching skills involving computer and Internet applications and develop new interactive and multimedia instructional resources.
David J. Eggebeen, associate professor of human development and sociology, to conduct research on the role of fatherhood and its consequences for men.
Kathryn E. Hood, associate professor of human development and family studies and women's studies, to serve as a visiting scientist and study empirical and theoretical perspectives on the development of behavior.
Byron C. Jones, professor of biobehavioral health and pharmacology, to complete the editing of a book on cellular and quantitative methods in neurogenetics and conduct collaborative research on the relationship between stress and alcohol.
R. Scott Kretchmar, professor of exercise and sport science, to complete research on an interdisciplinary account of games, play and their interrelationships that will provide a foundation for both theoretical and practical applications.
Karl M. Newell, professor and head of the Department of Kinesiology, to complete research on neuroleptic drugs and movement disorders and learn new data analysis techniques that will enhance future research.
Barbara J. Rolls, Helen Guthrie chair in nutrition and professor of nutrition and applied physiology, to write a book on the regulation of food intake and body weight that will provide science-based information on eating and weight management to health professionals and educated consumers.
Judith R. Vicary, professor of biobehavioral health, to examine current research and programming and extend analyses from an ongoing 12-year longitudinal study of the antecedents and consequences of teen pregnancy and the patterns of substance use over time.
Yu-Yan Yeh, professor of nutrition, to study human obesity and master the state-of-the-art technologies necessary for the growth and renewal of research and scholarships.
Thomas W. Benson, Edwin Erle Sparks professor of rhetoric, to continue investigation of American presidential rhetoric, speech writing and speech making in the modern presidency.
Alan Booth, professor of sociology and human development, to develop a course on the topic of human social behavior and biology and commence analysis on a project on hormones, family relations and child development.
Richard J. Bord, associate professor of sociology, to produce a book that develops the theoretical implications of 12 years of research on environmental risks.
Christopher Clausen, professor of English, to write a book on post-culturalism.
Gary S. Cross, professor of European history, to complete a book about 20th-century American consumerism.
David V. Day, associate professor of psychology, to design and initiate collaborative research on rater training programs to improve the quality of ratings for organizational citizenship behaviors.
Francis G. Gentry, professor of German, to produce a scholarly introduction to the German Middle Ages, including history, language, literature and culture.
Lori D. Ginzberg, associate professor of history and women's studies, to write a book that draws on recent literature in the social history of law, rights consciousness, the sphere of public opinion and women's informal political access to explore women's changing political and legal consciousness in 19th-century United States.
Richard B. Gregg, professor of speech communication, to discover, gather and organize documents relevant to a book on the Berlin Wall as a major rhetorical symbol of the Cold War.
William J. Harris, associate professor of English, to complete a critical study of the experimental novels of prominent African-American writer Ishmael Reed.
James W. Hatch, associate professor of anthropology, to synthesize results of recent archaeological research in Georgia into a monograph and lay the groundwork for a new, multi-year research program on the prehistory of the lower Mississippi River Valley.
Grant H. Henning, professor of speech communication, to develop and validate automated systems for English-as-a-second-language assessment.
Derek Laing, associate professor of economics, to study the effects of hyperinflation on the terms of means of exchange and the links between inflation, capital accumulation and growth.
Christiane P. Makward, professor of French and women's studies, to complete a book on the processes and sources of creativity of award-winning French Swiss writer Corinna Bille and to begin intensive research for a new book project on French Creole women under slavery.
Wilson J. Moses, professor of American history and Fellow of the Institute for the Arts and Humanistic Studies, to produce a book-length reinterpretation of the Civil Rights movement, stressing economic ideology over moral issues.
Michael M. Naydan, professor of Slavic languages, to complete work on a book on major Russian poet Marina Tsvetaeva (1892-1941).
Jeffrey T. Nealon, associate professor of English, to work on a book-length project comparing, contrasting and querying the highly influential work of French philosophers Jacques Derrida and Gilles Deleuze.
Jon P. Nelson, professor of economics, to write research papers and a monograph on applied demand analysis, with econometric applications to consumer expenditures on recreation, entertainment and gambling.
Keith E. Nelson, professor of psychology, to conduct research and write on children's communicative development.
Robert E. O'Connor, associate professor of political science, to complete a book-length manuscript that will integrate political, cultural, economic, psychological and sociological explanations of risk perceptions.
Laurence E. Prescott, associate professor of Spanish and African American studies, to advance research for a book-length study of African American life and culture in contemporary Hispanic travel literature from 1920-70.
Paul L. Rose, professor of European history; Mitrani professor of Jewish studies; and Fellow of the Institute for Arts and Humanistic Studies, to write a book that analyzes how Thomas Mann fashioned himself to be an interpreter of German history as well as an active and symbolic agent in German history.
Ernst Schürer, professor of German and Fellow of the Institute for the Arts and Humanistic Studies, to conduct an examination, interpretation and analysis of the strategies employed by authors and directors to present complex economic realities in an aesthetically acceptable manner in modern German dramas.
Darrell J. Steffensmeier, professor of sociology and crime, law and justice, to investigate sentencing practices in Pennsylvania from 1991-98, with particular focus on the relative effects of case and judge characteristics on sentence outcomes.
Reiko Tachibana, associate professor of comparative literature and Japanese, to conduct research for a book-length study of women writers of Japanese background writing in postwar Germany and the United States; and their counterparts, women writers of non-Japanese background writing in postwar Japan.
Beno Weiss, professor of Italian, to write a book on the theater of Italo Svevo and show how it relates to his major works of fiction.
Kenneth M. Weiss, distinguished professor of anthropology and genetics, to gain first-hand experience and learn methods for analyzing complex DNA sequence data; and to conduct research on human genetic variation, its global distribution and its relevance to disease.
Christine A. White, associate professor of history, to advance research on the origins of a veritable cult of aviation in Imperial Russia.
Markus Winkler, associate professor of German, to write a book-length interdisciplinary study on the structure and concept of German witz (wit and joke).
Monique Yaari, associate professor of French, to complete a book that examines cultural sensibilities and the construction of a national public image as they have emerged over the past 25 years through an interplay of artistic and architectural production; theoretical discourse; and institutions linking culture, society and politics.
Michael G. Akritas, professor of statistics, to develop a major research initiative in nonparametric statistical models and write a book on nonparametric data analysis.
Joel H. Anderson, professor of mathematics, to conduct research into spectral scales of n-tuples of self-adjoint operators in finite von Neumann algebras.
G. Jogesh Babu, professor of statistics, to conduct collaborative research on asymptotic expansions which are essential to justify several aspects of statistical data analysis and many popular computer intensive resampling procedures.
Augustin Banyaga, professor of mathematics, to conduct research in the areas of geometry of gauge fields, quantum groups, symplectic/contact geometry and Riemannian geometry.
A. Welford Castleman Jr., Evan Pugh professor of chemistry, to study the electronic excitation dynamics of met-cars supported on surfaces using ultra-fast laser techniques and complete a monograph on cluster science.
Renee D. Diehl, associate professor of physics, to develop new diffraction techniques to study the structures of stepped surfaces.
Barbara J. Garrison, professor of chemistry, to generate new and strengthen established international collaborations in the fields of energetic particle bombardment of solids and laser ablation of solids.
Dimitri Grigoriev, professor of computer science and engineering, to participate in a program on symbolic computations and work on the complexity of manipulations with sparse functions; and to conduct collaborative research on the complexity issues of the robot motion planning and randomized complexity lower bounds.
Andrea M. Mastro, professor of biochemistry and molecular biology, to develop a research program in immune cell-bone cell interactions and to conduct collaborative research to identify and manipulate mammalian cell genes, particularly those involved with metastasis.
Webb C. Miller, professor of computer science and engineering, to conduct collaborative research on a software system for comparing DNA sequences from the genomes of humans and mice.
Ganapati P. Patil, distinguished professor of mathematical statistics and director of the Center for Statistical Ecology and Environmental Studies, to conduct research, write and interact on contemporary issues and techniques in environmental and ecological sampling, geospatial multiscale assessment, quantitative risk analysis and statistical distributions in scientific work.
Jie Shen, associate professor of mathematics, to conduct research on numerical solutions of particle differential equations and complete a book on spectral methods.
Stephen G. Simpson, professor of mathematics, to conduct research on graph algorithms and foundations of mathematics.
Mark Strikman, professor of physics, to conduct collaborative research on various aspects of collider physics.
Howard Weiss, associate professor of mathematics, to conduct research on the overlapping areas of dynamical systems, Riemannian geometry and dimension theory.
Bonnie A. Osif, associate librarian, to study the publication, dissemination and citation patterns of transportation literature and the role of the World Wide Web as a tool in the transportation field.
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Gerard J. Brault, Edwin Erle Sparks professor emeritus of French and medieval studies, and Fellow emeritus of the Institute of Arts and Humanistic Studies, has retired after 32 years. Brault is an internationally recognized authority on the Old French epic and also is regarded as the foremost expert on medieval heraldic terminology.
Brault's two-volume edition of the Song of Roland in 1978 was a landmark literary analysis and English translation of the earliest and most famous chanson de geste. He served, from 1985 to 1988, as president of the Société Rencesvals, an international organization for the advancement of romance epic studies. In March, colleagues will honor Brault with a festschrift titled Echoes of the Epic and, in May, with a special session on the chanson de geste during an international congress at Western Michigan University.
His first book on medieval heraldry, Early Blazon, was published at Oxford in 1972. His latest, a two-volume edition of The Rolls of Arms of Edward I (1272-1307) for the Society of Antiquaries of London, appeared last year and earned him the gold medal of the Institute of Heraldic and Genealogical Studies and the Riquer Prize of the Académie Internationale d'Héraldique.
He is a fellow of various societies and academies and has received numerous honors, including Penn State's first Faculty Scholar Medal for outstanding achievement in the arts and humanities in 1981.
A native of Chicopee Falls, Mass., he graduated from Assumption College, at the time a bilingual school whose students were mostly descendants of French-Canadian immigrants. Brault wrote about this milieu in The French-Canadian Heritage in New England published in 1986. After earning his master's degree in French from Laval University and serving two years in the U.S. Army, he obtained a doctorate in romance languages from the University of Pennsylvania.
Brault was appointed professor and head of the Department of French at Penn State in 1965, serving in the latter capacity for five years. He was named distinguished professor in 1990, then Sparks professor later the same year.
Brault plans to remain active professionally and is currently writing a book on Thomas' Tristan, a 12th-century French romance. He enjoys traveling here and abroad with his wife, Jeanne, visiting their three children and eight grandchildren, downhill skiing, swimming and walking.
Ralph L. DeShong, associate director of placement and programming in Career Services (formerly Career Development and Placement Services), a division of Student Affairs, has retired after more than 30 years with Penn State.
As associate director of placement and programming, he was responsible for the coordination of the on-campus recruitment process at Penn State, one of the largest in the nation. For many years DeShong taught the course "Securing a Position in the Field of Education." He has been an affiliate assistant professor of counselor education since 1993 and also served as liaison to the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences and to the Admissions Office.
Since 1984, DeShong has served as a consultant to the Pennsylvania Department of Education. In that capacity he conducted workshops for high schools throughout the Commonwealth.
DeShong served as coordinator of Career Development and Placement Services for the Commonwealth campuses from 1977-1980. From 1972 to 1977, he held the position of assistant dean of student affairs for Commonwealth campuses, and from 1968 to 1972 he served as assistant to the dean of student affairs, Commonwealth campuses. Before joining Penn State, he was a world cultures instructor and basketball coach at The Pennsbury Schools.
He authored and co-authored numerous articles, reports and publications both internal and external to the University. He earned a bachelor of science degree in social studies secondary education from Shippensburg University in 1965; a master's degree in student personnel administration from Penn State in 1968; and a doctor of education degree in higher education, also from Penn State, in 1976.
During his retirement, he plans to continue his consulting activities and devote time to landscaping, hiking and furniture restoration.
Shirley Marchalonis, professor of English and women's studies at Penn State Berks, retired at the end of the fall 1997 semester after 23 years of service to the University.
In 1990, Marchalonis became the first Commonwealth Educational System English faculty member to become a full professor under PS 23, the Penn State ordinance that governs promotion and tenure for the University.
Her specialization is in 19th century American women writers, however she also taught literature and folklore. She has written and edited many publications, including the books College Girls: A Century in Fiction (Rutgers University Press, 1995) and The Worlds of Lucy Larcom 1824-1893 (University of Georgia Press, 1989).
Marchalonis was a University Senator for 10 years and served on a variety of committees, both at University Park and at Berks. She established the Berks campus University Scholars Program in 1984 and directed the program for 13 years.
She was an assistant professor of English at the Wilkes-Barre campus from 1974-1980. She became an associate professor of English in 1979 and transferred to the Berks campus in 1980.
After a 28-year teaching career at Penn State Harrisburg, Frank J. Swetz is moving on to other pursuits. But he's certainly not retiring.
A professor of mathematics and education, Swetz's involvement in teaching extended throughout the world as he focused on one of his favorite topics -- the history of mathematics.
His most recent overseas assignment was in Malaysia, where he spent the 1995-96 academic year on a Fulbright program. First introduced to Malaysia as a Peace Corps volunteer in the 1960s, Swetz played an instrumental role in developing that nation's school system. He wrote text books which are currently used in Malaysia, has provided teacher training, and has served as an ongoing consultant for the country's university system.
Swetz has developed a unique interdisciplinary approach to mathematics, contending it develops differently in respective cultures because the need for math arises from the needs of a given society. He has focused his teaching on "humanizing mathematics -- taking the mystery out of mathematics to make learning easier." Over the years, Swetz offered such courses at Penn State Harrisburg as "Everything You Wanted to Know About Math, But Were Afraid to Ask."
When questioned on his "retirement" plans, Swetz explained, "I love teaching and interacting with students and teachers. I hope to travel; to continue teaching and writing." He is finalizing plans to spend time teaching in the Philippines and also will continue writing.
He is currently working on The History of Chinese Math, which focuses on the Magic Square of Order Three.
The following faculty member has retired from the University with the honor of emeritus rank, bestowed for his longstanding commitment and contributions to Penn State:
John D. Connor, professor of pharmacology, College of Medicine. Connor began with the University June 1, 1969, and retired Dec. 1, 1997.
Donald E. Thompson, department head/senior research associate in Applied Research Laboratory, from Jan. 1, 1967, to July 1, 1997.
Everett P. Tiffany, assistant to dean of administrative services in College of Earth and Mineral Sciences, from Jan. 1, 1964, to June 30, 1997.
Priscilla C. Walters, staff assistant V in University Libraries, from Dec. 1, 1967, to July 1, 1997.
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Stanley Weintraub, Evan Pugh professor of arts and humanities,
has written a number
of books on a variety of topics. His latest work chronicles the life of Britain's Prince Albert.
Photo: Greg Grieco
By Vicki Fong
This British prince has tried to create a meaningful role for himself under the shadow of a reigning queen and relentless criticism from the public and the press for being dull and arrogant. Sounds like Prince Charles in 1997. But these were the same aspersions facing Prince Albert in the 1850s.
Biographer Stanley Weintraub, who has chronicled the lives of several Victorians including Queen Victoria, now has turned his focus on the prince consort. Weintraub has conducted extensive research and uncovered new sources in archives previously untapped, even in the sale catalogues of dealers and auction houses. Memoirs, letters and newspapers also produced nuggets of information.
Weintraub paints a more personal portrait that unveils many dimensions of Prince Albert such as his boyhood traumas, exhaustive details about his courtship and passionate marriage to the queen, and the depths of his active role in critical political decisions behind the throne. This portrait can be found in the recently published book Uncrowned King. The Life of Prince Albert, Free Press/Simon & Schuster, a companion, or "parallel biography" to Weintraub's earlier book Victoria: An Intimate Biography (1987).
"Albert was one of his era's unsung great men because of what he managed to do beyond his duty. He helped uplift the monarchy, tarnished by the scandals of earlier Hanoverian rulers, and salvaged the crown as a pillar of the emerging constitutional state," wrote Weintraub, cultural historian and Evan Pugh professor of arts and humanities.
Prince Albert also did much to modernize the British monarchy and to steer his adopted country more adeptly through the Industrial Revolution, the biographer noted. He also helped thrust England's institutions and power structure into the dynamic century which, decades into it, the establishment still distrusted.
His accomplishments included serving as the mastermind behind the Great Exhibition of 1851, dubbed the first "World's Fair," as well as the champion of housing improvements for working class people and of arm reforms. He promoted the arts, sciences and technology and was an important player in foreign policy, possibly preventing England from intervening in the American Civil War.
Then-Prime Minister Viscount Palmerston was pushing the queen to intervene in the American Civil War and support the South in hopes of disrupting the United States' emerging industrial power. Prince Albert, though feeling very ill, crafted a more diplomatic message to the U.S. president that allowed both sides to back down diplomatically from an incident involving two Confederate emissaries removed from a British ship by an American captain.
However, despite all his hard work, popularity with his peers or the public constantly eluded Albert, who was derided for his German nationality and his serious interests.
"His reward was a crown of thorns," Weintraub said. " The prince displayed remarkable understanding of his role as prince consort and shrewdly navigated his way through the personal and political channels. Like the late Princess Diana, Albert was selected to breed and ensure the succession by producing a new generation of monarchs. In Albert's case, a love story emerged; in Charles and Diana's case, the arrangement was a failure, except for the children.
Albert's untimely death at age 42 plunged Queen Victoria into prolonged mourning and seclusion, Weintraub said.
The mark he left upon England as merely the queen's husband was far greater than that of most monarchs, Weintraub said.
"The prince's vision for the modern monarchy -- ruling beyond ceremonial and symbolic purposes -- died with him," he said. "The vision could not have been sustained without his intellectual qualities and his intensity of purpose. No such potential had been inherited by his wife nor his children. Had he lived longer, could he have made a difference? It's an intriguing idea. "
Uncoordinated federal agency efforts to shift more of the costs of doing research onto universities, coupled with overly competitive, game-like behavior by some academic grant seekers, is causing the system to break down, according to an economist.
"The system of grant-supported research that has worked so well for our society's benefit in the past is now undergoing multiple stresses and needs to be reconstituted and reformulated," said Irwin Feller, director of Penn State's Institute for Policy Research and Evaluation and professor of economics.
Feller's comments are based on his recently completed study involving the nation's top 200 research universities for COSMOS Corp., a social science think tank. Feller found that the uncoordinated way in which federal agencies attempt to shift or share research costs with universities via matching-fund or cost-sharing requirements is a particular problem. Each federal agency focuses solely on its own relationship with a university, and no agency considers the aggregate impact of the widespread and increasing use of matching and cost-sharing requirements. With more funding agencies demanding matching funds and insisting that universities cost-share, the result has been a cumulative strain on university budgets.
Feller makes four recommendations in the report:
1. Rethink and review the rationale for federal funding of academic research. The social contract metaphor -- the proposition that the federal government should pay all of the costs of research because the results benefit the common good rather than the university -- is no longer accepted by federal agencies.
2. Review the cumulative financial impact of federal agency matching-fund and cost-sharing requirements across agencies.
3. Increase the specificity of required levels of matching/cost sharing in the proposal selection criteria and pre-award budget negotiations.
4. Appoint an ombudsman within federal granting agencies to review university complaints about alleged deviations from policy by program managers.
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