Histories of Penn State
Fulfilling a need
Penn State Hazleton first opened its doors to help the unemployed during the Great Depression
By Susan Bartal
During the depths of the Great Depression, the Pennsylvania State College was seeking a way to continue its tradition of bringing education to the people. Since this was a time when many people could not afford to come to college, the college came to the people. At the request of Hazleton's community leaders, a community survey was completed by the college's extension services to determine the actual extent of the need and community support for a center.
The Hazleton Undergraduate Center opened in September 1934 with 47 full-time and 60 part-time evening students. The freshman and sophomore students began their studies in their hometown and then completed their degree at University Park or another institution.
Over the next several years, the center was housed in various locations -- first in the upper floors of the Markle Bank Building on Broad and Wyoming Streets, then in the former Broad Street School. To accommodate the influx of men and women returning from service in World War II, additional space was leased in the A.D. Thomas Elementary School and the former Walnut Street School.
A permanent home came in December 1948 when the college purchased 66 hilltop acres in Sugarloaf Township which, for nearly 25 years, had served as the residential estate of a local entrepreneur. The site consisted of four buildings that gave the college the space it so desperately needed.
The estate, built by Alvan Markle Sr. in 1924 and known as "Highacres," featured a 32-room fieldstone mansion with every modern convenience available at the time, as well as domestic staff quarters, a greenhouse and five formal gardens.
The Markle family
One of the most affluent families ever to live in the area, the Markles started their business interests in coal around 1858. Family patriarch and Alvan's father George Markle not only owned a coal mining co mpany, but invented and patented several tools used in the mines.
The family branched out into banking when George, along with two other men, founded Hazleton's first banking business. In 1892, Alvan Markle expanded the family's holdings when he organized the Lehigh Traction Co., the parent company of several trolley lines and which eventually included the Wilkes-Barre & Hazleton Railway. This third-rail electric railroad, which ran on what is now part of the Hazleton campus, pioneered the use of a "protected" third rail, a feature that was immediately adopted by the Interborough Rapid Transit Subway system in New York and the Long Island Rail Road electrification, to name a few.
In 1998 the first Markle family reunion was held at Penn State Hazleton, drawing more than 130 people from 12 states and several countries to visit the familial homestead. After this event, the family established the Alvan Markle Jr. and Gladys Jones Markle Scholarship.
From estate to Penn State
The Markle mansion quickly became the administration building and, at various times during its life, housed offices, classrooms, library, health services, kitchen and dining room.
The domestic staff's quarters were transformed into the library, dormitory and infirmary. The greenhouse became the botany laboratory, and a new building, known today as Laurel Cottage, served as the chemistry laboratory.
Over the years, many facilities were added to Penn State Hazleton including:
* The Slusser/Bayzick Building, formerly the Commons (1958), which houses the offices of Student Affairs, Continuing Education and student clubs and organizations;
* The Kostos Building (1970), named for former Campus Director Frank C. Kostos, which contains biology, chemistry and computer laboratories, as well as many classrooms;
* The Library (1972), which today houses not only the research and reference materials, but a computer lab, as well as the only working Penn State campus weather station outside of University Park;
* The Physical Education Building (1976), containing free-weight, Cybex and aerobic rooms; main and auxiliary gyms; as well as an Olympic-size swimming pool;
* Outdoor playing fields for tennis, beach volleyball and basketball, as well as a full-size, illuminated soccer/softball field;
* The bookstore located on the campus mall;
* North, South and West residence halls, housing 485 students, along with the recently remodeled Highacres Café, which offers a variety of convenient and affordable meal plans for both on- and off-campus students; and
* The Evelyn Graham Building (1991), which has state-of-the-art, multimedia-style classrooms, an amphitheater, computer lab and study areas.
Today, the administration building is the most recognized Penn State Hazleton structure, serving as one of the symbols of the campus. Recently, the island in the semi-circular driveway became the home to another Penn State icon -- the new Nittany Lion statue, a three-fourth's scale replica of the original at University Park.
Through gifts and purchases, Penn State Hazleton now consists of 104 acres of land, with the historic standing side-by-side with new and modern academic buildings, a manicured garden, a scenic overlook/picnic area, and a number of nature trails.
* John Madden, CEO
* 104-acre campus overlooking the Conyngham valley.
* Student enrollment of about 1,400
* 55 full-time and 34 part-time faculty members
* Student/faculty ratio of 18 to 1
* First two years of about 160 Penn State majors
* Complete two bachelor's and seven associate degrees
* Professional development programs available
* Seven varsity sports
* More than 20 student clubs and organizations